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blue resume paper I#8217;m Chanpory, and this is my site on how to live and work better as a designer. You should follow me on Effectiveness marketing, Twitter here. For more, check out the archives. The 7 deadly sins of resume design. The Great Paradox? So you#8217;ve labored with sweat and tears writing your resume, and marketing business essay now you#8217;re all set to turn it into Analysis Writing, a magnificently designed creation. Unfortunately, with the freedom of business, modern computers and fancy software, comes huge opportunities for abuse. When it comes to resumes, both non-designers and professional designers commit some almost unforgivable sins. Here are the a body 7 deadly sins of resume design and how to of online repent: Take a tour of any office supply store and you#8217;ll see shelves of extravagant #8220;resume#8221; papers featuring special #8220;linen#8221; and #8220;parchment#8221; finishes. Essay Writing? Avoid these like dog poop on Effectiveness essay, a New York summer sidewalk.
They#8217;re too expensive and don#8217;t make you look extra special. To repent: Save your money and get paper with a plain smooth finish. It can be slightly heavier than regular copy paper, but not stiff as a board. Are Not A Body And Not Then Who We Are?? An ever so slight hint of Effectiveness of online essay, cream is If we are not then fine. It#8217;ll make your resume easier on the eyes than the super-ultra-pure-snow-driven white paper many designers are fond of. Business? I prefer Neenah Classic Crest in Natural White with a Super Smooth finish. Censorship: The Great? Never ever use pink paper with strawberry scent. Effectiveness Marketing? The default typeface in Microsoft Word is Writing Times New Roman, and thus it#8217;s the default for of online marketing business most resumes. It#8217;s a tragedy, because Times#8217;s letterspacing and Censorship: Paradox wordspacing is wretched in Word. The result is an Effectiveness business essay, unharmonious mess.
To repent: Choose a different typeface. I won#8217;t go into of online marketing business essay, explaining x-heights or the difference between Humanist Sans and Geometric Sans. Marketing? If you#8217;ve got money to spare, pick any of the the Great typefaces in FontShop#8217;s professional collection, and you#8217;ll be a step above Times New Roman. If you#8217;re cheap, use Matthew Carter#8217;s Georgia. It#8217;s free and already installed on Effectiveness of online marketing business, your computer. If you send your resume electronically as a PDF, it also looks quite good on-screen. Is Waste Of Time? If you need more guidance, check out Before After#8217;s tutorial on picking typefaces. Designers fresh out of school love teeny tiny type.
The belief is that it looks elegant, refined, and allows for more white space on the resume. It#8217;s a shame. Effectiveness Of Online? For all that elegance, no one can read it, because most people in hiring positions won#8217;t have fresh baby eyes with 20/20 vision. To repent: Set your resume no smaller than 9 points for of Time sans-serifed type and 10 points for serifed type. Anything smaller, and your resume is at risk of being shredded. Designers also love grey type. On an inkjet printer, grey text looks better because it reduces the appearance of noise. If you go too light, though, it becomes illegible and unfaxable. But wait, should you really be using inkjet to print your resume? To repent: Use a laser printer and of online business print in 100% black for ultimate clarity. If you do go grey, don#8217;t go lighter than 75% black.
You may be tempted to add decoration like floral borders, rainbow colors, and hearts. Perhaps, you want to use an illustration of a swan, tiger or unicorn to represent you. This is great if you want to look like a box of crayons melted on your resume. Otherwise, don#8217;t try to be cute. To repent: Add some character by setting your name slightly larger, or in Marriage Is Waste a different weight as the same typeface as the rest of your resume. Use color, but very sparingly, if at all. No more than one color in addition to black. If you live in the United States, the standard paper size is 8.5 x 11in.
In Europe, it#8217;s 210 x 297mm. Anything else will fit awkwardly in a binder or file. When it doesn#8217;t fit, it gets thrown out. To repent: Keep to the standard paper size of your geographic location. It#8217;s easier to Effectiveness business print and package. In an attempt to are not and not who we are? stand out, some designers format their resumes in a landscape format. This is more annoying than innovative. To repent: Keep to a portrait format. The first person who sees your resume is usually a Human Resources person who sees hundreds of resumes daily.
Too much variation from the norm makes it harder for them to make a quick assessment of of online marketing business essay, you. If you want to marketing essay stand out, write a good cover letter instead. So what does a good looking resume look like? Check out my follow-up post, Give your resume a face lift. Great info but I think the Effectiveness of online marketing essay resume format should match the job/industry you are applying to. It also comes down to Marriage of Time the personal opinion of the person doing the hiring. I had a resume designed and two people were interviewing me. One person really liked it and the other didn#8217;t#8230;But most importantly it got noticed and created conversation. I would say have common sense and keep it simple and not over business essay, done. You will never please everybody so create a resume that reflects your personality and talent. Good Luck Cheers.
All the comments are great. However, I have to say I have always had interviewers ask me for a hard copy of my resume at the beginning of the interview. Frankly, I have come to view that as a test of convicted have essay, your organizational skills. I think if you suggested that they print it out themselves you would be ushered out the door very, very quickly. hello just asking, what should be the best paper size for Effectiveness of online marketing business resume/cv in philippines. is it short or long bond paper. Literary Essay? waiting for reply..thanks^^ To a beginner this sounds intringuing, since simple groups are very natural objects to define, whereas vertex algebras seem more convoluted. , A very useful Design Refresher Think I need to change some of my fonts around now !! More work #8230; Don#8217;t forget spraying it with perfume (unless your applying to be an escort)! HR people basically don#8217;t give a damn what your resume looks like, as long as they can read it. And most of them just scan it to make sure you fit the Effectiveness business job requirements. So forget the nitpicky advice about fonts. Most HR people wouldn#8217;t know a font if it jumped out of the Writing a dissertation title PC and bit them. Of Online Business Essay? #8230; You#8217;re probably going to be submitting your resume as a PDF anyway, in Literary Analysis Essay which case you ought to marketing essay make sure the file will transmit OK and felons the right to vote? essay be clear enough to Effectiveness of online marketing essay copy. Many companies just ask you to paste a text version of your resume into an online application, which is a dead give-away that they couldn#8217;t care less how pretty it looks.
Just make sure you leave out the silly dingbats. I have found in Analysis Essay my 10 years in the professional design world that HR are the marketing business essay non educated gate keepers of the employment world. Writing? Go get real employees opinions on said workers within HR#8230;most cringe at the notion of going through HR. Really, what do people in HR do all day? There are some rules that can be broken and and broken well but not unless you#8217;re an Effectiveness marketing, artist or graphic designer should you attempt them. Number one advice is just get your resume to the person that will be hiring and avoid HR like the plague. Wow, tough crowd. This is a perfect list of rules for design #8220;begginers#8221;. Effectiveness Of Online Business Essay? Of course designers and talented creative types may be able to make an impact by cleverly breaking some of these rules but you#8217;re probably going to have to use some software other than Word to pull that off. If you#8217;re using Word this is your bible with one addition NEVER USE WORDART.
Nice work Chanpory. @James, I was thinking the exact same thing. Tough crowd indeed! @Chanpory, great advice! I#8217;m in a similar role as the owner of a small agency and the resumes I have seen, whether for designers, developers, or even bookkeepers, are unbelieveable. My alltime favorite was one in Comic Sans (no joke!!). I think the key point is that design must always help achieve the goal.
The goal for a resume is to get an interview. To that end, a resume#8217;s design must help communicate the message/content of the resume effectively. Creatviity can have a place in your resume, but you ought to be conservative with it in Effectiveness of online essay my opinion: what#8217;s clever, creative, and Writing title #8220;the best resume I#8217;ve seen#8221; to one person might just be tacky and overdone to another. OK#8230;. this entire #8220;7 deadly sins#8221; is bullcrap. Any designer worth their salt knows that if you KNOW the rules, you can break the Effectiveness of online business essay rules. There is nothing I like more than receiving a fantastically creative resume. After all, they are coming to us to be creative.
It lets me see how well they understand how to sell themselves. Of Online Business Essay? I hate to say it, but your resume ideas only makes them look like the cream of the Effectiveness of online marketing business essay crap#8230; not the cream of the crop. I think its just a matte of time until the resume gets replaced. Sort of old fashion. I think you are all missing a very important piece—who is the audience? All of these concerns are dependent on Should convicted felons essay for me, the type of job you are applying to (i.e. your audience). No matter what you are designing, this is the #1 variable to consider.
What is Effectiveness of online essay important when applying to Writing a creative job, is very different than what is important in the financial world, for Effectiveness marketing essay expample. Thanks for convicted have the right to vote? essay for me the tip on Georgia font I had Garamond originally, and it looked terrible when converted to PDF. Just tried out Georgia and loved it! When we go to interviews, it#8217;s nice to marketing business bring a copy of our resume along. If We Are Not Who We? That#8217;s why it matters how it looks when printed. Just because HR has received it doesn#8217;t mean the marketing essay interviewer will necessarily have it on hand. In addition, someone or someone#8217;s just may pop in on the interview out of interest.
I was once take directly from the Effectiveness of online marketing business interview with HR straight to the manager to interview with her immediately because HR thought I#8217;d be a good fit. I#8217;m glad I had another copy of my resume on hand. It#8217;s just good form to bring extra copies of a resume. PS Speaking of bad font; what#8217;s up with the font on this page?! Its super bold and narrow#8230; and hard to read!
Maybe try Georgia instead ;) I#8217;m personally a huge fan of Palatino Linotype. Effectiveness Business Essay? (or its cousin Book Antiqua) It#8217;s a nice serif font that#8217;s easy to read and scan down through, it#8217;s nicely formed and spaced and it#8217;s ubiquitous but not always commonly used. And even if you don#8217;t have it you can download it free. Somebody up there also made the point of trying to Marriage Is Waste of Time mimic the style and branding of the company you are submitting to. If possible you should always do that. One idea is to send the marketing business essay cv/resume in a nice folder the same colour as the company#8217;s branding, to use similar coloured paper or to use the Censorship: same fonts. If you#8217;re sending off internationally always look up the of online marketing proper resume and cover letter format for Censorship: the Great the country you are sending to. For example many countries in mainland Europe also expect you to embed a small, passport-sized photograph at Effectiveness essay the top of the page.
Be sure to use the correct spelling also. Essay Writing? True it#8217;s best not to Effectiveness essay entrust your spelling and grammar to Paradox a machine, but, if you#8217;re applying from marketing business essay one English-speaking country to another, be sure that you spellcheck it in the appropriate language e.g. British English v US English. I#8217;ve found, actually, that many computers, for Effectiveness of online marketing business essay example Dell computers, were always pre-installed with US English as the default language regardless of Effectiveness of online essay, where they were being sold to. So be sure and check that your computer and word processor are set to Writing a dissertation the right language for your country before you send your resume to Effectiveness business anybody! This is so good to know and follow#8230; I totally agree with kathy, but when you haven#8217;t met the of online marketing business essay contact person the question would be: what should you present a graphically enhanced CV (Branding), a formal black white CV or a flash animated CV?
Unless you are a branding fanatic,to the point that you go on and brand yourself and make your resume/letter stand out among others, there are definitely several ways to gain a remarkable first impression. It also dependent on of online marketing essay, the culture of the company you#8217;re entering and the position you#8217;re applying for#8230; and how old are you and your experience#8230; your CV is your spirit and vision, at the end.. and if you get your CV to a company where they don#8217;t like it, don#8217;t worry#8230; your CV has probably landed in the wrong place#8230; and Paradox your spirit and vision doesn#8217;t suite the company you#8217;re applying for. I truly think design is essential, in order to stand out#8230; but design alone doesn#8217;t make the Effectiveness of online marketing CV standout#8230; it#8217;s the Writing title content and experience and the way you brand yourself. Wow. According to your article, I#8217;ve committed 3 sins: #8220;gray text,#8221; #8220;weird paper size#8221; and #8220;horizontal format.#8221; You probably should also add an 8th sin for kicks that I#8217;ve also committed: #8220;folding.#8221; Now, taken that I#8217;ve broken lots of your rules in resume design #8212; why is it that I#8217;ve been working for my company for 3 years and 10 months thanks to of online marketing business my #8220;poorly designed resume#8221;? There has to be something wrong.
A graphic designer#8217;s resume should reflect his or her craft. It should have hints of their style and should totally have an experience to a dissertation go along with it. Designing out Effectiveness of online business of the box is always favored and is always put on top of the pile if executed properly. You should never confine yourself to If we a body and not then who we are? designing freely. Your resume is another piece of Effectiveness marketing, your portfolio #8212; one which your future employer will keep. I don#8217;t believe filenames have been mentioned here. When sending a resume electronically, the filename resume.doc is the Should have to vote? essay kiss of death. Be sure to change the Effectiveness of online marketing essay filename to reflect your own name.
In addition, use either PDF or DOC, never any other format otherwise, you risk incompatibility. Many H/R departments also use autoscan programs, and both multi-column and fancy fonts/paper will be puked out rather than scanned in. When sending electronically, the plainer, the better! Finally, whether or not sent electronically, be brief. These days, virtually no one is worth a two-pager. The point is to have the right to vote? essay get IN the door for an interview#8230; you can elaborate later, during the interview. Hi, you guys would be surprised to marketing know that most Turkish companies require your resume to have your photo!! (It mostly (read:always) works in are not my favour :P ) yeah, so my resume looks pretty messed up when I try to Effectiveness business fit in my photo. It looks like a very detailed I-card!
I think a photo within the resume screams prejudice. Im not Turkish(I worked and will work in Turkey again soon) but even when Turkish people apply to Turkish companies they add a photo. By the way, I know for a fact that some American companies ask for photos within a resume too (reference : my Turkish friends who#8217;ve applied to American companies). The Great Paradox? I wish I could get some points on how to add your photo in your resume and not feel like a complete jackass. :P. As an engineer and industrial designer who needs to walk a fine line between #8216;logical#8217; and #8216;artzy-fartzy#8217;, I have found a san-serif font works far better than all the suggestions above. I have been using Tahoma for years and have gotten a call-back on every position I have applied for the last dozen years#8230;I am 5 for 5. Tahoma kerns nice and tight and 10pt leave plenty of white space. If you know how, typesetting your documents in TeX can really improve the font appearance through proper use of ligatures and a line-break algorithm that evaluates the appearance of the entire paragraph rather than that of the individual line. It can produce PostScript or PDF files for business electronic usage. Failing that, it may be possible to use the Computer Modern fonts for Effectiveness marketing which the program is configured in other programs like Word, and I expect these would still be a cut above Microsoft#8217;s pet fonts.
I think everyone should come out of the Effectiveness business dark ages. We now have the facility of computers and graphics#8230;#8230;why not use them within reason. / Surely an employer with any intelligence would be absorbing the ease of title, reading and the content#8230;#8230;.not crossing a prospect off because of the font used. Lets move into of online business essay, the 21st century people. As a recent #8220;job seeker#8221; I found this very useful. Is Waste? though of of online essay, course we call them CVs in Literary Analysis Writing the Uk, the tips are all good. Better equipped to Effectiveness of online marketing business essay avoid the Marriage pitfalls now, although I don#8217;t agree 100% with all the of online marketing business points it is none the less a useful read. Thanks again. Pat. Convicted Felons To Vote? Essay For Me? I think it would be best to send a virus to HR because all in all they never call anyone back. Most of HR have no clue about anything tech, nor do they have any creative brain at business all.
I would rather just meet someone who works at the company itself than deal with a braindead HR zombie.
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Point Counterpoint Essays and Research Papers. genius in Effectiveness business essay working counterpoint was a clear indication of him understanding and using every resource of musical language in Literary Analysis the baroque era. He . would weave several musical lines of melodies to of online marketing business essay one musical piece. Bach became a supreme master of this difficult compositional skill. Plus, through several of his pieces his religion influences him greatly. He even chose to put different cultures in his pieces. He would combine patterns of French dancers, Italian melodies, and are not and not a soul who we German counterpoint all in one when. Baroque , Baroque music , Claudio Monteverdi 721 Words | 3 Pages. basic principles of design. • Melody is sometimes called melodic line, line, theme, or subject.
Melodic line and line are often used in a general . sense, while specific melodic entities are called melody, theme, or subject, depending upon Effectiveness business the point of reference. • In an abstract sense, melody is the repository of subject matter or idea in many world music traditions. Melody is very important as idea in Western music. The Western view of melody is that it means something -- it is. Counterpoint , Harmony , Music 1463 Words | 4 Pages. melodic harmony that is unobtrusive. Effectiveness Of Online Business. Artusi was far more concerned with a vertical harmony than linear, horizontal harmony. The vocal portion of this . piece is obviously the focal point but according to the ideals that Artusi held, the virtuosic monodic singing was not what would have been desired. Counterpoint and a strict tonal center were the elements that were pleasing to the ear of music enthusiasts and musicians.
The dissonances used at unexpected times, the blatant disregard for Effectiveness marketing business essay, previously. Baroque , Baroque music , Canzonetta 1202 Words | 4 Pages. in working counterpoint was a clear indication of him understanding and using every resource of musical language in the baroque era. He would . Have The Right Do An Essay For Me. weave several musical lines of melodies to one musical piece. Effectiveness Of Online Essay. Bach became a supreme master of this difficult compositional skill. Marketing. Plus, through several of his pieces his religion influences him greatly. He even chose to Effectiveness of online marketing put different cultures in his pieces. He would combine patterns of French dancers, Italian melodies, and German counterpoint all in one. Baroque music , Counterpoint , Fugue 945 Words | 3 Pages. baroque period is the use of counterpoint . Effectiveness Business. Counterpoint occurs when two or more melodies occur simultaneously. The art of marketing essay, . counterpoint reached its culmination during the convicted have to vote? do an essay late baroque era, especially in the works of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Early classical period composers rejected the of online essay use of counterpoint and Literary chose to compose more simple and transparent melodies. However, composers in the later classical period, such as W.A Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven, studied counterpoint extensively and used it in. Baroque , Baroque music , Classical music 718 Words | 3 Pages. geographic area; many of the cultural groups out of which medieval Europe developed already had musical traditions, about which little is known. What unified . these cultures in the Middle Ages was the Roman Catholic Church, and Effectiveness of online marketing business essay its music served as the focal point for Writing title, musical development for the first thousand years of of online essay, this period. Medieval Music While musical life was without doubt affluent in the early Medieval era, as proven by artistic portrayals of instruments, writings about music, and other records. Baroque music , Classical music , Counterpoint 1632 Words | 5 Pages. until the 18th century. A Dissertation Title. Instruments were built to sound full and of online marketing rich, but in small sized halls. A variety of instrumental forms emerged during this period . Writing. that reflected the new instruments and their individual colors.
Dances, variations, counterpoint ( point to point or part to part), and alternation between solo and tutti passages became the predominant molds of musical expression. Effectiveness Of Online Marketing Business Essay. The full development of instrumental music, that is, music without a text and with no purpose other than being listened. Baroque , Baroque music , Chamber music 1327 Words | 4 Pages. became much more unified in the Renaissance period; all parts were the same degree of marketing essay, rhythmic vibrancy. Instead of marketing, being isorhythmic like the medieval era, . the Renaissance motet was set polyrhythmically. It was defined by occasional imitative counterpoint of a Latin text, but not primarily, and therefore fitting for use in any context. The stylistic expansion of the are not a body who we Flemish motet is of extreme relativity to the importance it plays in of online other musical stylings, because the are not and not then who we are? motet provided the most fertile. Baroque music , Counterpoint , Italy 1291 Words | 4 Pages. Practical Similarities and Differences of Stile Antico and business Stile Moderno. Differences of Stile Antico and Stile Moderno When the general public thinks of the Great, Baroque music, they might think of the Effectiveness marketing essay High Court sounding French concerto, . or one of Bach’s many and well-known fugues. These highly structured pieces with their vigorous counterpoint and technical brilliance might be considered “tight” and “incredibly mechanical.” However, these pieces though full of well thought out lines, phrases, and ornamented passages are not driven by the writers will to keep the music enslaved in rules.
Baroque music , Counterpoint , Giulio Caccini 1456 Words | 4 Pages. different parts of the Censorship: Mass. Marketing Essay. It gives the congregation a sense of unity and predictability. The Right Do An Essay For Me. A variation of this style is to paraphrase the motif instead. . Effectiveness Marketing Business Essay. Josquin used paraphrasing in Missa Pange Lingua. Just as there are cantus-firmus Masses that point in the direction of the parody Mass, there are others in which the cantus-firmus technique leads into Marriage highly developed paraphrase writing. In these works the permeation of the of online marketing essay polyphonic complex by Effectiveness marketing essay the cantus firmus is so considerable that, if one.
Baroque music , Catholic Church , Counterpoint 1299 Words | 4 Pages. banner) Cantata 140 First movement -An opening chorus -Dotted rhythms (long-short-long-short) make this sound like a march (similar to French overture) . -Upper voice has the (soprano) chorale melody in very long notes -Elaborate lines of counterpoint weaved with the lower voices and the orchestra Form: Bar form, but long pauses between sung sections are filled in by the orchestra -uses the ritornello principle-each vocal chorale section is marketing essay followed by If we and not who we an orchestra ritornello section ritornello. Baroque music , Cantata , Chorale 486 Words | 3 Pages. Bach's Fugue in G Minor, WTC Book I. the subject and so goes right along with it in harmonies that are beautiful to listen to. The subject was split into two different parts and then switched . and inverted. The exposition ends at the end of measure 7, when all voices are sent into Effectiveness of online marketing business essay counterpoint by Censorship: the Great Paradox Bach.
3. Subject in g min (tenor) - Tonal answer in d minor (soprano) - Subject in g minor (bass) - Tonal answer in d minor (tenor)- Cadence in Effectiveness marketing business measure 11 and Should felons the right do an essay final note of cadence on first beat on Effectiveness marketing, measure 12 - Subject in Bb Major (alto) -. Counterpoint , Fugue , Johann Sebastian Bach 841 Words | 3 Pages. articulation, and performance techniques and special effects including octaving and convicted felons the right to vote? do an for me latigo1. When analyzing “Le Grand Tango,’ it is obvious Piazzolla . referenced many classical compositional techniques including polyphony, 20th century imitative counterpoint , and specifically the marketing business fugue accompanied by chromatic harmonies ornamented with mordents and tone clusters. The third of the are not and not a soul then who we three sections (pui mosso: giocoso) is initiated by an authoritative dominant to tonic slide from the cello leading into. Classical music , Common practice period , Counterpoint 770 Words | 5 Pages. harmonies. Here are definitions and examples of the four main types of texture. For specific pieces of Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, music that are good examples of a body and not then who we, each type of Effectiveness of online marketing, texture, . please see below. Monophonic Monophonic music has only one melodic line, with no harmony or counterpoint . There may be rhythmic accompaniment, but only one line that has specific pitches. Monophonic music can also be called monophony.
It is sometimes called monody, although the term monody can also refer to Literary Essay a particular type of solo song (with instrumental. Baroque music , Counterpoint , Harmony 646 Words | 3 Pages. Bach’s Well-Tempered Clavier: An Annotated Biography. modulatory, and recapitulatory. Effectiveness Marketing Business Essay. With-in this framework, the subject, answer, episodes, keys, coda and other relevant information on the form are revealed. Should Have To Vote? Do An. . A short summary also makes the Effectiveness marketing essay expositions, counter expositions, subjects, stretti, episodes, pedal points , codas and codetttas clear. The analysis for each prelude summarizes periods, keys, cadences, melodic figures, and other musical information relevant to each piece. Are Not And Not A Soul Then Are?. Keller, Herman. The well-tempered clavier by Johann Sebastian Bach. London.
Counterpoint , Dmitri Shostakovich , Fugue 1003 Words | 4 Pages. that if shoppers stay longer and travel more slowly throughout the store, they are likely to purchase more. This case can be proved by Milliman’s study . (1982) that found that the tempo of music can effect shoppers’ movements around the stores. In my point of view, music can affect our subconsciousness by Effectiveness affecting our perception. While listening to various types of music, our appreciation may be changed in of online essay various ways. Marketing. For example, I listen to Writing a dissertation classical music when I stand in the traffic jams; I feel. Baroque music , Classical music , Classical period 1873 Words | 5 Pages. composers during his time. Musically it is written similarly to the parts that are linked, and of online marketing business essay no other part is equally heard. Bach’s music withstood a . complex test in the Great Paradox its time, because of its compelling and of online soundly structure.
As for the form, counterpoint , melody, and Effectiveness of online essay harmony, the balance and completeness of the temporal elements are intriguing to the ear. These principles were practiced by the western world for half a millennium. The new modernization of classical composing created a new way. Baroque music , Brandenburg concertos , Concerto 2078 Words | 9 Pages. employed for of online marketing business essay, most of his working life as violin teacher and composer by the Ospedale Della Pieta, which was an orphanage. Vivaldi also had a great interest . in convicted to vote? for me the Opera. As far as his theatrical activities were considered the end of 1716 was a high point for Vivaldi. In November, he managed to have the Ospedale Della Pieta perform his first great oratorio, Juditha Triumphans devicta Holofernis barbaric. This work was an enlightening description of the victory of the Venetians (the Christians) over.
Antonio Vivaldi , Baroque , Baroque music 898 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Bach Fugue in marketing D Minor. answering or imitation voice does not need to wait until the previous entry has been completed to make its own entrance. Even though there’s is fuller use of . stretto these fugues still have episodes but just in smaller numbers. Analysis The counterpoint in this fugue is of Time among the strictest in Effectiveness business essay The Well-Tempered Clavier. It has very little dissonance throughout. It is also one of the most unified fugues written by Bach, there is no new thematic material introduced after bar 4 and the four episodes. Canon , Counterpoint , Fugue 1942 Words | 6 Pages. chord was in. For example, with a chord consisting of the notes G, Bb, and D, I wrote chord I in Gm and so on. I found that the key modulated several times . during the piece, but the main area which the piece modulated to was D major at the Great Paradox, the halfway point , in this case D major being chord V. I wrote the roman numeral chords so that I would be able to work out which notes were not part of each chord, and therefore which notes were not necessary to the chorale reduction of the Effectiveness business essay piece.
After figuring the. Binary form , Chord , Counterpoint 1036 Words | 3 Pages. Gcse Music Analysis Peripetie-Schoenberg. used extensively for warmer textures * Instruments often feature as soloists and also in small ensembles * Use of mutes, pizzicato, and other . effects, some unusual (eg. Cymbals are played with both a mallet and a cello bow, and at one point the double basses play a tremolo very close to convicted the bridge) * Motifs are shared between instruments (klangfarbenmelodie) TEXTURE * Mostly contrapuntal, occasionally monophonic/homophone * Extremes in texture throughout the piece . Anton Webern , Arnold Schoenberg , Counterpoint 716 Words | 4 Pages. A Schenkerian Analysis of “Preludio” from Bach’s Unaccompanied Violin Partita No. 3. is done by first moving to Effectiveness of online business essay G# (m.39) through F# (m.37), creating a third progression E-F#-G# in Writing the process. The G# is employed first in Effectiveness of online marketing business essay the top voice as . primary tone and then in the bass as pedal point , also the fifth to the incoming C# (m.51) [FIG 4. EX.
1]. The C#, in a sense, is a midway stopping point from E major on its way to A major. A# in measure 53 leads to B, creating yet another third progression G#-A#-B. The B is to Censorship: Paradox be read not as V of E but as II of A, unfolding to tonic through two consecutive. Baroque music , Counterpoint , Fugue 1927 Words | 5 Pages. whereas melody-dominated homophony refers to Effectiveness of online marketing business essay a broader category of Is Waste, homophonic music, which includes works for multiple voices, not just works for solo voice, . as was the tradition with early 17th century Italian monody. See also Harmony Counterpoint Sources Jump up ^ Griffiths, Paul (2005). The Penguin Companion to Classical Music. ISBN 0-14-051559-3.
Jump up ^ Randel, Don Michael (2002). The Harvard Concise Dictionary of Music and Musicians. ISBN 0-674-00978-9. ^ Jump up to: a. Baroque music , Counterpoint , Harmony 1102 Words | 4 Pages. Discuss the characteristics of the so-called style galant with appropriate musical examples. works were composed homophony, a lot of Haydn and Mozart’s sonatas can be listed as examples. Of Online Business Essay. Baroque music was in polyphonic texture and . counterpoint (Owen, 1992). Compare to Essay the polyphonic texture in of online business Baroque, music was having less restrictions. For example, Scarlatti's Fugue in G minor “The Cat Fugue”, Kp.30 (L.499), there was strict rules about Literary Analysis Writing counterpoint and voices imitation. Effectiveness Marketing. But in Paradox Classical period, music was simpler. Effectiveness Of Online Marketing Essay. Melody was focused, led by of online business one voice only, rather than many, which were.
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We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living, and living in our world, for our partners, employees and for our clients. Jefferson MacArthur Law Firm will at all times demonstrate her commitment to sustainability, both individually and as a firm, by Writing title actively participating in our communities and integrating sustainable business practices wherever possible. Jefferson MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is founded by business essay Jefferson Carson and his son MacArthur Carson. The organization will be managed by Literary Analysis Essay MacArthur Carson; he graduated from Cumberland School of Law and business Brock School of Business at Stamford University. Censorship: The Great. He has extensive experience in a diverse range of transactional matters, and Effectiveness of online business essay his legal practice is concentrated in the areas of commercial real estate, commercial finance, construction, and general business contracts. Our Product and services. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP proposes to offer a variety of services within the scope of the law industry in the United States of America. Writing Title. Our intention of Effectiveness of online business essay, starting our law firm is to make profits from the Paradox, industry and we will do all that is permitted by the law in business the US to achieve our aim and ambition. Our business offering are listed below; Arbitration Mediation Business Formation Business and Commercial Transaction Collections and Credit Matters Commercial Real Estate Construction Corporate Governance and Compliance Creditor’s Rights Employment General Counsel Services Immigration Insurance Real Estate Consultancy and Advisory Services.
Our vision is to provide our clients with skilled legal advice in a timely and efficient manner. Is Waste Of Time. We strive to handle each matter with accountability and responsiveness, as if we were representing ourselves. We focus our attention on the legal aspects of our client’s business so that our clients can focus their attention on the success of Effectiveness essay, their business. Our vision reflects our values: integrity, service, excellence and teamwork. Our mission is to provide professional and trusted legal services that assist businesses and Censorship: non-profit organizations in operating sustainably. We provide expert legal counsel in combination with our own business backgrounds, and deliver valuable services in a timely and cost-effective way. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will build a solid business structure that can support the growth of our business. We will ensure that we hire competent hands to help us build the business of our dream.
Below is the business structure that we will build Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP on; Founder and President Attorney Patent Attorney Legal Secretary Paralegal Legal Assistant Admin and HR Manager Business Developer Accountant Front Desk Officer. Roles and Effectiveness of online marketing business essay Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the firm Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. Censorship: The Great Paradox. leading the of online, development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for Should convicted have the right for me handling high profile clients and deals Responsible for Effectiveness marketing business essay fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization Reports to the board. Are Not Then Are?. Represents clients in criminal and Effectiveness of online marketing business civil litigation and other legal proceedings Draws up legal documents, or manage or advise clients on Literary Analysis legal transactions. Attends court hearings (and doing the preparation beforehand) Responsible for negotiating (not all cases will end up in court) Explains the marketing essay, law and Marriage gives general legal advice Responsible for settling disputes and supervising any agreements Researching and gathering evidence Responsible for analyzing legal documents Supervises legal assistants. Discusses inventions and processes with inventors or manufacturers and ascertaining whether they are likely to succeed in being granted patents Studies and analyzes scientific or technical documents, including previously granted patents, to assess whether an invention is new and Effectiveness marketing business essay innovative Writes detailed descriptions of inventions in Censorship: the Great precise legal terms (patent drafts) Suggests modifications or extensions to the definition of the invention Applies for patents from the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) and of online marketing business the European Patent Office (EPO) , often presenting complicated technical arguments Prepares responses to reports from patent examiners Ensures application and renewal deadlines are met Works with solicitors and barristers to defend or enforce UK patents Conducts litigation in proceedings at the EPO or in the Intellectual Property Enterprise Court (IPEC), formerly the Patents County Court Advises overseas agents on Censorship: the Great applications for foreign patent applications Instructs on whether business activities will infringe someone else#8217;s patent rights Deals with assignments of patent when a patent is sold or transferred Keeps up-to-date with legal developments in the intellectual property field Advises on other intellectual property rights, e.g. Of Online Marketing Essay. designs or trademarks Tutors and mentors trainee patent agents. A Body Then Who We Are?. Responsible for drawing up contracts and other legal documents for the company Welcomes guests and Effectiveness marketing business clients by greeting them in Writing a dissertation title person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Produces information by transcribing, formatting, inputting, editing, retrieving, copying, and Effectiveness marketing essay transmitting text, data, and graphics; coordinating case preparation. Conserves attorneys time by of Time reading, researching, reviewing, verifying, and routing correspondence, reports and Effectiveness of online business essay legal documents; drafting letters and documents; collecting and analyzing information; initiating telecommunications; organizing client conferences, and attorney meetings; scheduling couriers, court reporters, expert witnesses, and other special functions; coordinating preparation of charts, graphs, and other courtroom visuals; preparing expense reports.
Maintains attorney calendar by planning and scheduling conferences, teleconferences, dispositions, and travel; recording and monitoring court appearance dates, pleadings, and filing requirements; monitoring evidence-gathering; anticipating changes in litigation or transaction preparation requirements. Represents attorney by communicating and obtaining information; following-up on delegated assignments; knowing when to act and when to refer matters to attorney. Generates revenues by documenting and inputting attorney billable time and reimbursable expenses; preparing invoices; tracking payments. Maintains client confidence by keeping client/attorney information confidential. Provides historical reference by developing and utilizing filing and retrieval systems; recording meeting discussions; maintaining transcripts; documenting and maintaining evidence. Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and Censorship: the Great expediting orders; evaluating new products. Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for repairs.
Updates job knowledge by participating in educational opportunities; reading professional publications; maintaining personal networks; participating in marketing professional organizations. Enhances department and organization reputation by accepting ownership for accomplishing new and different requests; exploring opportunities to add value to job accomplishments. Assists attorneys in preparing for trials and court proceedings. Should Have The Right For Me. Supports attorneys in a legal office. Investigates the facts of Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, cases and ensure that all relevant information is considered. Identify appropriate laws, judicial decisions, legal articles, and other materials for assigned cases. Compiles, analyzes, and organizes information. Gathers exhibits. Marriage Is Waste. Prepares written reports. Prepares legal arguments for lawsuits. Effectiveness Of Online Essay. Drafts pleadings and motions filed in court.
Secures affidavits. Assists attorneys during trials. Organizes and tracks files from case documents and Censorship: make them available and easily accessible to attorneys. Drafts contracts, mortgages, and separation agreements. Prepares tax returns. Establishes trust funds.
Plans estates. Supervises other law office employees. Delegates responsibilities. Maintains financial records. Searches legal literature stored in computer databases and on Effectiveness marketing business CD-ROM. Tracks hours and Censorship: bill to clients.
Works under the direction of lawyers and help them prepare for meetings, hearings and trials. Undertake research projects for multiple cases to determine precedent, drafts or completes legal documents and ensure the correct paperwork is filed with the courts within a specific time period. Works directly with clients in a non-advising capacity, such as answering questions, scheduling appointments and making sure all court requirements are met. Handles other routine tasks, such as processing and transcribing documents, entering data, scheduling and taking dictation are common duties of a legal office assistant. Effectiveness Of Online Marketing. Responsible for handling typical office duties, such as answering phones, managing inventory or performing accounting tasks. Responsible for convicted felons do an for me overseeing the smooth running of marketing business, HR and administrative tasks for the organization Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and Is Waste of Time assessment of employees Responsible for arranging travel, meetings and appointments Oversees the Effectiveness marketing business, smooth running of the daily office activities.
Identifies, prioritizes, and are not a body and not a soul are? reaches out to new partners, and business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of projects; assures the completion of Effectiveness marketing business, development projects. Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and information Represents the company in strategic meetings Helps increase sales and growth for the company. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for Literary the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for marketing essay the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and Effectiveness business essay business conditions. Responsible for Effectiveness essay financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for Should felons the right essay for me one or more properties. Effectiveness Of Online Marketing Essay. Responsible for Is Waste developing and managing financial systems and Effectiveness of online policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensures compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for are not a body a soul the company Serves as internal auditor for the company. Receives Visitors / clients on behalf of the organization Receives parcels / documents for the company Handles enquiries via e-mail and phone calls for the organization Distributes mails in the organization Handles any other duties as assigned my the line manager. Sample Law Firm Business Plan Template SWOT Analysis. Jefferson and of online business MacArthur Law Firm, LLP hired the services of a core professional in the area of business consulting and If we a body structuring to assist the firm in building a solid law firm that can favorably compete in the highly competitive law industry. Part of what the business consultant did was to Effectiveness of online marketing essay work with the management of the firm in conducting a SWOT analysis and preparing a law firm marketing plan for Effectiveness marketing essay Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP. Effectiveness Business. Here is a summary from the result of the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP; Our core strength lies in the power of our team; our workforce.
We have a team that can go all the way to give our clients value for their money. Marriage. We are well positioned and we know we will attract loads of clients from the first day we open our doors for business. As a new law firm, it might take some time for our firm to break into the market; that is perhaps our major weakness. The opportunities in the law industry is marketing massive and we are ready to take advantage of any opportunity that comes our way. Literary Essay. Some of the threats that we are likely going to of online marketing business essay face as a law firm operating in the United States are unfavorable government policies, and Effectiveness business essay global economic downturn. There are hardly anything we could do as regards these threats other than to be optimistic that things will continue to work for our good. Sample Law Firm Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. Quite a number of distinct trends have emerged in Effectiveness marketing business recent times in the legal industry, which is why law firms are positioning their organizations to survive the Effectiveness of online marketing, peaks and troughs of an ailing economy. As a matter of fact, most of these trends aid law firms and organizations to become more creative, competitive, efficient, and marketing business essay productive in Marriage a global market. Some other trends in the legal industry could be attributed to changing demographics, attitudes and Effectiveness marketing work styles. Another trend that is gaining momentum in the legal industry is that clients have the are not a body then are?, options of seeking legal assistance from a growing number of non-lawyer professionals such as; paralegal technicians, legal document preparers, legal self-help sites, virtual assistants and marketing business offshore legal vendors.
As a result of this trend, the decisions about how legal services are delivered which include staffing, scheduling, strategies and most importantly how firms charge for their services – are increasingly being influenced by the clients, and not by the law firms as it used to be in time past. No doubt, as the cost of legal services continues to increase and felons to vote? as corporate spending falls, new legal delivery methods will continue to emerge and gain momentum going forward. In addition, the Effectiveness of online essay, market for Marriage of Time legal services has shifted from a sellers#8217; market to a buyers#8217; market. Lastly, it is now becoming trendy in the legal industry for smaller law firms to merge with bigger law firms and for bigger law firms to acquire smaller law firms; mergers and essay acquisitions. Many law firms all over Should to vote? do an the United States are coming to the conclusion that the bigger the better for them. Of Online Marketing Essay. Although Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will initially serve small to medium sized businesses, from new ventures to well established businesses, but that does not in any way stop us from growing to be able to Marriage of Time compete with the leading law firms in the United States. We hope to someday merge or acquire other law firms and expand our legal services beyond the of online marketing business, shores of the United States of If we are not a body and not a soul, America. As a full service business law firm, Jefferson and Effectiveness of online marketing MacArthur Law Firm, LLP have a variety of practice areas to Writing help startups grow. While we works with a variety of organizations and industries, Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will also specialize in working with startups, real estate investors, and essay contractors, manufacturers and distributors, banks, lending and financial institutions. Our target market cuts across people of different classes and people from all walks of life, local and marketing essay international organizations as well. We are coming into the industry with a business concept that will enable us work with the Effectiveness essay, highly placed people and companies in Writing title the country and at the same with the lowly placed people and smaller businesses.
In other words, our target market is the whole of the United States of America and subsequently other parts of the world. Below is of online essay a list of the people and organizations that we have specifically design our products and services for; Banks Businesses and Entrepreneurs Blue Chips Companies Corporate Counsel Manufacturers and marketing essay Distributors Real Estate Owners, Developers, and Contractors Research and Development Companies Employees Migrants. A close study of the legal industry reveals that the law firm market has become much more intensely competitive over the past seven years. As a matter of fact, the supply of legal services has significantly exceeded demand. Effectiveness. In other to position to take on the market, most law firms have begun to merger or acquire other law firms.
Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP might be a new entrant into the law industry in the United States of marketing, America, but the management staffs and board members are considered gurus. They are people who are core professionals and licensed legal practitioners in the US. These are part of what will count as a competitive advantage for us. Lastly, our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be amongst the best within our category (startups law firm) in the industry meaning that they will be more than willing to marketing build the title, business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our objectives. Effectiveness Business Essay. Law Firm Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Business Essay. We are mindful of the Effectiveness marketing essay, fact that there is stiffer competition in the legal market in the United States of America; hence we have been able to hire some of the best business developer to Should convicted to vote? do an for me handle our sales and marketing. Our sales and Effectiveness of online marketing business essay marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to be well equipped to Should felons to vote? do an essay for me meet their targets and the overall goal of the organization. Marketing Business Essay. We will also ensure that our excellent job deliveries speaks for of Time us in the market place; we want to build a legal business that will leverage on word of essay, mouth advertisement from satisfied clients (both individuals and organizations).
Our goal is to grow our firm to become one of the top 20 law firms in California, which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the available market and grow to become a major force in the. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our business by Marriage sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to organizations and key individuals in California and other parts of the U.S. Effectiveness Business Essay. Promptness in bidding for legal contracts List our business on yellow pages Attend expos, seminars, and business fairs et al Create different packages for different category of clients in Writing title order to work with their budgets and still deliver quality services to them Leverage on the internet to promote our business Direct marketing Encourage word of mouth marketing. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is established with the aim of maximizing the profits in Effectiveness of online essay the law industry and we are going to go all the way to ensure that we do all it takes to of online business attract clients on a regular basis. Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP we generate income by offering the following legal services for individuals and for organizations; Arbitration Mediation Business Formation Business and Commercial Transaction Collections and Credit Matters Commercial Real Estate Construction Corporate Governance and Compliance Creditor’s Rights Employment General Counsel Services Immigration Insurance Real Estate Consultancy and Advisory Services. As long as there are people living in the United States of America and business starting and growing in the U.S., the services of law firms will always be needed.
We are well positioned to take on the available market in the U.S, and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the first month or operations and grow the business and clientele beyond Oakland, CA to Effectiveness of online marketing business other states in the U.S. and even the global market. Effectiveness Of Online Marketing. We have been able to critically examine the law market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry. We have been able to marketing essay come up with the Effectiveness of online marketing business, following sales forecast. The sales projection are based on information gathered on the field and Effectiveness of online marketing essay some assumptions that are peculiar to startups in California. Below is the sales projection for Jefferson and and not a soul are? MacArthur Law Firm, LLP, it is based on the location of our law firm and the wide range of legal services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is done based on what is Effectiveness obtainable in the industry, Hourly billing for legal services is long – time tradition in the industry. A Dissertation Title. However, for some types of Effectiveness marketing essay, work, flat fees make more sense because they allow clients to better predict legal costs. As a result of Effectiveness of online marketing business, this, Jefferson and of online marketing MacArthur Law Firm, LLP will charge our clients a flat fee for many basic services such as; business formation and a dissertation document drafting and review.
At Jefferson and of online marketing business MacArthur Law Firm, LLP we will keep our fees below market rate for a dissertation all of our clients by keeping our overhead low and by collecting payment in advance. In addition, we will also offer special discounted rates to disadvantaged individuals, nonprofits, cooperatives, and small social enterprises. We are aware that there are some clients that would need regular access to legal advice and assistance; we will offer flat rate general counsel services that will be tailored to take care of such clients’ needs. At Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans without any itches. Law Firm Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy.
We have been able to work with our consultants to help us map out publicity and advertising strategies that will help us walk our way into the heart of our target market. We are set to take the Effectiveness of online business, law industry by storm which is why we have made provisions for effective publicity and advertisement of our firm. Below are the platforms we intend to Writing a dissertation title leverage on to promote and advertise our property development business; Place adverts our law firm on both print and electronic media platforms Sponsor relevant TV shows Maximize our firm’s website to promote our business Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook ,Twitter, LinkedIn, Badoo, Google+ and other platforms (real estate online forums) to promote our business. Offer Pro Bono services as part of our community social responsibility Brand all our official cars. Law Firm Business Plan Financial Projections and Costing. The Total Fee for incorporating the Business in Effectiveness business California: $750. The budget for Writing Liability insurance, permits and marketing business essay license: $5,000 The Amount needed to acquire a suitable Office facility with enough space in Oakland, California for 6 months (Re Construction of the facility inclusive): $50,000. The Cost for equipping the a body and not then, office (computers, printers, fax machines, furniture, telephones, filing cabins, safety gadgets and electronics et al): $15,000 Cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and Utilities (gas, sewer, water and electric) deposits ($3,500). Operational cost for Effectiveness of online marketing essay the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $40,000 The Cost of Launching our official Website: $600 Additional Expenditure (Business cards, Signage, Adverts and a dissertation Promotions et al): $5,000. Effectiveness Of Online Business Essay. Going by the report from If we a body a soul then who we are?, our research and feasibility studies, we will need about marketing business essay $200,000 to set up a law firm in Oakland, California. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for At Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP.
At Jefferson and MacArthur Law Firm, LLP is going to start as a private business that will be solely owned by Bar Jefferson Carson and of online essay family. He will be the sole financial of the firm, but may likely welcome partners pretty much which is why he has decided to restrict the sourcing of his start – up capital to 3 major sources. These are the Effectiveness of online business essay, areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the convicted the right to vote? do an essay, start – up capital from personal savings Source for soft loans from family members and friends Apply for Effectiveness of online essay loan from my Bank. N.B: We have been able to generate about $60,000 (Personal savings $40,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and Analysis Essay Writing we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $100,000 from our bank. All the papers and document has been signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. Effectiveness Of Online Essay. LAW FIRM BUSINESS GROWTH: Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. It is easier for businesses to survive when they have steady flow of Literary Analysis Essay Writing, business deals / customers patronizing their products and services. We are aware of this which is why we have decided to offer a wide range of Effectiveness of online marketing, legal services.
We know that if we continue to deliver excellent legal services, there will be steady from of income for If we a body a soul then the organization. Our key sustainability and expansion strategy is to ensure that we only hire competent employees, create a conducive working environment and essay employee benefits for the Great our staff members. In the nearest future, we will explore the Effectiveness marketing business, options of either merging with other law firms or acquire law firms in order for us to increase our market share. Marriage Of Time. We know that if we implement our business strategies, we will grow our law business beyond Oakland, California to other states in Effectiveness of online business the U.S in record time. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Incorporation: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts various banks in the United States: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of All form of felons to vote? essay for me, Insurance for Effectiveness of online marketing business essay the Business: Completed Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating part of the Literary, start – up capital from the business, founder: Completed Applications for Loan from our Bankers: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: Completed Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed furniture, office equipment, electronic appliances and facility facelift: In progress Creating Official Website for Literary Analysis the Company: In Progress Creating Awareness for the business (Business PR): In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in the industry: In Progress.
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American Literature/Colonial Period (1620s-1776) American Literature, defined here as it traditionally has been to be the literature of the United States, or as written on land that would one day become the of online business, United States, has as its beginning date 1583, the year the earliest English writing explorers started to write about the new continent. Some date the end of the Colonial Period as early as 1763, the start of the French and Indian War, the results of If we a body then who we, which set in motion a chain of events that led the colonies to Effectiveness of online business seek independence from Censorship: Paradox, Great Britain. Others set it as late as 1789, the year the essay, U.S. Constitution went into effect.
This text splits the If we a soul then are?, difference by using 1776, the year the Declaration of business essay, Independence was signed, as the cutoff year for the period. This year is a guideline not a rigidly held cutoff. The writing of the period varied greatly in terms of quality and Marriage Is Waste subject, but less so in terms of genre. Effectiveness Marketing? For the sake of classification, in fact, all of the Marriage, literature of the period can be broken down into just ten genres: Not all of these genres span the entire period, although a few do. Many American literature textbooks cover the colonial period genre by genre.
The danger in doing this is time distortion. This period of literature spans almost 300 years, longer by far than all of the other periods of Effectiveness marketing essay, literature put together. The other problem with covering this period by Should have to vote? for me genre is that many of its most famous writers wrote in more than one genre, so the same writer must be considered multiple times. A final disadvantage is the proximity of many of the genres to another genre. For example, how different can a work in philosophy be from a religious tract when a religious background is assumed by the author? Many political writers touch heavily on history, and vice versa. Given these considerations, it is Effectiveness of online more fruitful to Literary Writing cover this period diachronically while keeping possible genres in mind. Aside from span of time, another consideration that makes this period unique from all the others is that the writers in this period had no idea they were writing anything that could be classified as American literature.
These writers were mostly British, and all were heavily indebted to British literature writing conventions long since established in the motherland. Effectiveness Marketing Business Essay? No other period of American literature is Writing a dissertation title as derivative of English literature as the colonial period. Relation to English Literature Edit. The British claimed most of the marketing essay, Atlantic seaboard north of Florida as belonging to Britain soon after Columbus discovered land across the Atlantic Ocean. Henry VII sent John Cabot to chart out the regions or provinces of the heathen and infidel, whatsoever they may be as early as 1497. However, circumstances never arose for a dissertation title England to make good on her claims until late during Elizabeth's reign. When England finally did establish her first permanent settlement in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia, and a few years later in Massachusetts, her primary motives were: The literature produced in the part of America known as the United States did not begin as an independent literature. England bestowed on the earliest settlers the English language, books, and modes of thought. England had an marketing business, established literature long before the first permanent settlement across the Atlantic was considered. Shakespeare, for example, had died only four years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth.
For nearly two hundred years after the first English settlements in America, the majority of the works read there were written by English authors. The hard struggle necessary to obtain a foothold in a wilderness was not favorable to the early development of a literature. Those who remained in England could not clear away the forest, till the soil, and contend with Indians, but they could write the books and send them across the ocean. The early settlers were for the most part content to allow English authors to Should convicted felons have to vote? essay do this. For these reasons it is unsurprising that early American literature does not match in quality that produced in England during the same period. When Americans began to write in larger numbers, there was at first close adherence to English models. Business? For a while it seemed as if American literature would be only title, a feeble imitation of these models. Beginning in the eighteenth century, that started to essay change and some colonial writing was considered to are not a body a soul then who we have merit in its own right. The literature of England gained something from America as well.
As early as the nineteenth century, English critics, like John Addington Symonds, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Edward Dowden, have testified to the power of the democratic element in American literature and willingly admitted that without a study of Cooper, Poe, and Hawthorne no one could give an adequate account of the landmarks of achievement in Effectiveness fiction written in English. French critics too have always admired Poe. In a certain field Poe and Hawthorne occupy a unique place in the world's achievement. Nor are men like Herman Melville and Mark Twain common in any literature. Some of the reasons why American literature developed along original lines and thus conveyed a message of its own to Effectiveness of online marketing the world are to be found in Effectiveness of online essay the changed environment and the varying problems and ideals of American life. Even more important than the changed ways of earning a living and the difference in If we a body who we climate, animals, and Effectiveness of online marketing scenery were the struggles leading to the Revolutionary War, the formation and guidance of the Republic, and the Civil War. All these combined to give individuality to American thought and literature.
In 1607 the Should felons have to vote? do an essay, first permanent English colony within the of online marketing business, present limits of the United States was planted at Jamestown in Virginia. The colony was founded for commercial reasons by the London Company, an organization formed to secure profits from colonization. The colonists and the company that furnished their ship and Writing outfit expected large profits from the gold mines and Effectiveness of online marketing business essay the precious stones which were believed to await discovery. Of course, the adventurers were also influenced by Censorship: the Great the honor and the romantic interest which they thought would result from a successful settlement. When the expedition sailed from England in December, 1606, Michael Drayton, an Elizabethan poet, wrote verses dedicated To the Virginian Voyage. Of Online Marketing Business Essay? These stanzas show the reason for are not a body and not a soul then who we are? sending the colonizers to Virginia: The majority of the early Virginian colonists, however, were unfit for of online marketing business their task. Contemporary accounts tell of the many unruly gallants, packed hither by their friends to If we and not a soul who we escape ill destinies. Beggars, vagabonds, indentured servants, kidnapped girls, even convicts, were sent to Jamestown. After the execution of Charles I in 1649, and of online business essay the setting up of the Puritan Commonwealth, many of the royalists, or Cavaliers, as they were called, came to Virginia to escape oppressive Puritan rule. Paradox? They became the ancestors of Presidents and statesmen, and of many of the aristocratic families of the South.
The ideals expressed by Captain John Smith, the leader and preserver of the Jamestown colony, are worthy to rank beside those of the of online business essay, colonizers of New England. Looking back at his achievement in Virginia, he wrote, Then seeing we are not born for ourselves but each to help other . Seeing honor is our lives' ambition . and seeing by no means would we be abated of the dignities and glories of our predecessors; let us imitate their virtues to be worthily their successors. The Puritans Colonize New England Edit. During the period from 1620 to 1640, large numbers of English people migrated to Should convicted felons have the right to vote? do an essay that part of America now known as New England. These emigrants were not impelled by hope of wealth, or ease, or pleasure. They were called Puritans because they wished to Effectiveness of online marketing business essay purify the Writing, Church of business, England from what seemed to them great abuses; and the purpose of these men in convicted to vote? essay for me emigrating to America was to lay the foundations of a state built upon their religious principles. These people came for an intangible something--liberty of conscience, a fuller life of the spirit--which has never commanded a price on any stock exchange in the world. They looked beyond. These Puritans had been more than one century in Effectiveness of online marketing business essay the making. We hear of them in the time of Wycliffe (1324-1384). Henry VIII formed the Church of England in 1534.
Opposed by Catholics and some Protestant religious groups, some could not reconcile their beliefs to Marriage of Time worship in Effectiveness marketing England's official church. For these dissenting Protestants, their religion was a constant command to put the unseen above the seen, the eternal above the temporal, to satisfy the aspiration of the spirit. They would not accommodate the perceived Romishe taint that remained in the Church of England. James I (reigned 1603–1625) told them that he would harry them out of the Marriage of Time, kingdom unless they conformed to Effectiveness of online business essay the rites of the Established Church. His son and successor Charles I (reigned 1625–1649) called to his aid Archbishop Laud (1573–1645), a bigoted official of for me, that church. Laud hunted the dissenting clergy like wild beasts, threw them into prison, whipped them in the pillory, branded them, slit their nostrils, and mutilated their ears. John Cotton, pastor of the church of Boston, England, was told that if he had been guilty only of an infraction of certain of the of online marketing business essay, Ten Commandments, he might have been pardoned, but since his crime was Puritanism, he must suffer.
He had great trouble in escaping on a ship bound for the New England Boston. Professor Tyler says: New England has perhaps never quite appreciated its great obligations to Literary Analysis Essay Archbishop Laud. It was his overmastering hate of nonconformity, it was the marketing business essay, vigilance and vigor and If we are not a body then are? consecrated cruelty with which he scoured his own diocese and afterward all England, and Effectiveness marketing business hunted down and hunted out the ministers who were committing the unpardonable sin of dissent, that conferred upon If we are not and not a soul then who we the principal colonies of New England their ablest and noblest men. It should be noted that the Puritan colonization of New England took place in a comparatively brief space of time, during the twenty years from 1620 to 1640. Until 1640 persecution drove the Puritans to New England in Effectiveness multitudes, but in that year they suddenly stopped coming. Literary Analysis Essay? During the one hundred and twenty-five years following that date, more persons, it is supposed, went back from the New to the Old England than came from the Old England to the New, says Professor Tyler. The year 1640 marks the assembling of the Long Parliament, which finally brought to the block both Archbishop Laud (1645) and King Charles I (1649), and chose the great Puritan, Oliver Cromwell, to lead the Commonwealth. The leading men in the colonization of Virginia and New England were born in the reign of Effectiveness marketing business essay, Queen Elizabeth (1558–1603), and they and their descendants showed on this side of the Atlantic those characteristics which made the Elizabethan age preeminent. In the Censorship: Paradox, first place, the Elizabethans possessed initiative.
This power consists, first, in Effectiveness marketing essay having ideas, and secondly, in passing from the ideas to the suggested action. Some people merely dream. The Elizabethans dreamed glorious dreams, which they translated into action. They defeated the Spanish Armada; they circumnavigated the globe; they made it possible for Shakespeare's pen to Effectiveness essay mold the thought and to influence the actions of the world. If we except those indentured servants and apprentices who came to America merely because others brought them, we shall find not only that the first colonists were born in an age distinguished for its initiative, but also that they came because they possessed this characteristic in a greater degree than those who remained behind. It was easier for the majority to stay with their friends; hence England was not depopulated. The few came, those who had sufficient initiative to cross three thousand miles of unknown sea, who had the power to dream dreams of a new commonwealth, and the will to embody those dreams in action.
In the second place, the Elizabethans were ingenious, that is, they were imaginative and resourceful. Impelled by the mighty forces of the of online business essay, Reformation and the Revival of Learning which the a dissertation title, England of of online marketing business essay, Elizabeth alone felt at one and the same time, the Elizabethans craved and obtained variety of the Great Paradox, experience, which kept the fountainhead of ingenuity filled. It is instructive to marketing business essay follow the lives of Elizabethans as different as Sir Philip Sidney, William Shakespeare, Sir Walter Raleigh, Captain John Smith, and John Winthrop, and to note the varied experiences of each. Yankee ingenuity had an Elizabethan ancestry. The hard conditions of the New World merely gave an opportunity to exercise to the utmost an ingenuity which the colonists brought with them. In the third place, the Elizabethans were unusually democratic; that is, the different classes mingled together in a marked degree.
This intermingling was due in part to increased travel, to the desire born of the New Learning, to live as varied and as complete a life as possible, and to the absence of overspecialization among individuals. Are Not A Soul? This chance for varied experience with all sorts and conditions of men enabled Shakespeare to speak to all humanity. All England was represented in his plays. When the Reverend Thomas Hooker, born in of online marketing essay the last half of Elizabeth's reign, was made pastor at Hartford, Connecticut, he suggested to his flock a democratic form of government much like that under which we now live. American life and literature owe their most interesting traits to Censorship: the Great Paradox these three Elizabethan qualities: initiative, ingenuity, and democracy. The Cambridge University graduate, the of online marketing, cooper, cloth-maker, printer, and blacksmith had the initiative to If we are not and not a soul set out for the New World, the ingenuity to deal with its varied exigencies, and the democratic spirit that enabled them to work side by side, no matter how diverse their former trades, modes of life, and marketing business essay social condition. The hero of the Jamestown colony, and its savior during the first two years, was Captain John Smith, born in Willoughby, Lincolnshire, in Literary Essay 1579, twenty-four years before the death of Elizabeth and thirty-seven before the death of Shakespeare. Smith was a man of Effectiveness of online business essay, Elizabethan stamp: active, ingenious, imaginative, craving new experiences.
While a mere boy, he could not stand the tediousness of Marriage Is Waste, ordinary life, and so betook himself to the forest where he could hunt and play knight. In the first part of his young manhood he crossed the marketing essay, Channel, voyaged in the Mediterranean, fought the Turks, killing three of them in single combat, was taken prisoner and enslaved by the Tartars, killed his inhuman master, escaped into Russia, went thence through Europe to Africa, was in desperate naval battles, returned to England, sailing thence for Virginia, which he reached at the age of twenty-eight. He soon became president of the Jamestown colony and labored strenuously for its preservation. The first product of Is Waste, his pen in America was A True Relation of marketing essay, Virginia , written in 1608, the year in which John Milton was born. The last work written by Should have the right to vote? do an essay for me Smith in America is entitled: A Map of Virginia, with a Description of the Effectiveness, Country, the Commodities, People, Government, and Religion . His description of the Indians shows his capacity for quickly noting their traits:
Smith has often been accused of Essay Writing, boasting, and of online marketing essay some have said that he was guilty of great exaggeration or something worse, but it is certain that he repeatedly braved hardships, extreme dangers, and captivity among the Marriage Is Waste of Time, Indians to Effectiveness of online essay provide food for the colony and to survey Virginia. After carefully editing Captain John Smith's Works in a volume of 983 pages, Professor Edwin Arber says: For [our] own part, beginning with doubtfulness and wariness we have gradually come to the unhesitating conviction, not only of Smith's truthfulness, but also that, in regard to all personal matters, he systematically understates rather than exaggerates anything he did. Although by far the greater part of Smith's literary work was done after he returned to England, yet his two booklets written in America entitle him to a place in colonial literature. He had the Elizabethan love of Effectiveness of online business essay, achievement, and he records his admiration for those whose 'pens writ what their swords did.' He was not an Effectiveness business, artist with his pen, but our early colonial literature is the Writing a dissertation title, richer for his rough narrative and for the description of Virginia and Effectiveness of online marketing the Indians. In one sense he gave the Indian to of online marketing business essay literature, and that is his greatest achievement in literary history. Who has not heard the story of his capture by the Indians, of his rescue from torture and death, by the beautiful Indian maiden, Pocahontas, of her risking her life to save him a second time from Indian treachery, of her bringing corn and preserving the colony from famine, of Effectiveness marketing essay, her visit to are not a soul England in 1616, a few weeks after the death of Shakespeare, of her royal reception as a princess, the daughter of an Indian king, of Smith's meeting her again in London, where their romantic story aroused the admiration of the court and the citizens for the brown-eyed princess? It would be difficult to of online marketing business say how many tales of Indian adventure this romantic story of Pocahontas has suggested. It has the are not a body and not are?, honor of being the first of its kind written in the English tongue.
Did Pocahontas actually rescue Captain Smith? In his account of his adventures, written in Virginia in 1608, he does not mention this rescue, but in his later writings he relates it as an actual occurrence. When Pocahontas visited London, this story was current, and there is no evidence that she denied it. Professor Arber says, To deny the of online essay, truth of the Pocahontas incident is to create more difficulties than are involved in its acceptance. But literature does not need to ask whether the Literary Analysis Essay Writing, story of Hamlet or of Pocahontas is of online true. If this unique story of American adventure is a product of Captain Smith's creative imagination, the literary critic must admit the captain's superior ability in producing a tale of such vitality. If the story is true, then our literature does well to Marriage Is Waste remember whose pen made this truth one of the most persistent of our early romantic heritages. He is as well known for the story of Pocahontas as for all of his other achievements.
The man who saved the Virginia colony and business who first suggested a new field to the writer of American romance is rightly considered one of the most striking figures in Writing title our early history, even if he did return to England in less than three years and end his days there in 1631. American literature is widely considered to begin with Captain John Smith. It is best to read him in his own words in order to form your own judgements. Fortunatley, his works are available for free on the Internet. Visit the following URLs, read as much of Smith as interests you, and we'll see you when you return in order to continue our voyage through American literature: A True Relation of Such Occurrences and Accidents of Note as Happened in Virginia (1608) http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/jamestown-browsemod?id=J1007 An Accidence, or The Pathway to Experience Necessary for all Young Seamen (1626) is not available currently online. A technical manual, Smith's short pamphlet on seamanship is illustrated with incidents from his own experiences. It would be enlarged as A Sea Grammar in Effectiveness marketing business essay 1627.
Advertisements for the Unexperienced Planters of New England, or Anywhere (1631) http://www.archive.org/details/advertisementsfo00smit Captain James Smith was not the only Englishman writing in the colonies in the early seventeenth century. William Strachey, a contemporary of If we are not a body and not who we, Shakespeare and secretary of the Virginian colony, wrote at Jamestown and sent to London in 1610 the Effectiveness of online, manuscript of A True Repertory of the Wrack and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Kt., upon and from the Islands of the Bermudas . A Dissertation? This is a story of Effectiveness, shipwreck on the Bermudas and of escape in small boats. The book is memorable for the description of Effectiveness essay, a storm at sea, and it is possible that it may even have furnished suggestions to Shakespeare for The Tempest . If so, it is interesting to compare these with what they produced in Shakespeare's mind. Strachey tells how the sea swelled above the clouds and gave battle unto heaven. He speaks of an apparition of a little round light, like a faint star, trembling and streaming along with a sparkling blaze, half the Effectiveness business essay, height upon the main mast, and shooting sometimes from shroud to shroud. Of Time? Ariel says to Prospero: Strachey voices the Effectiveness of online marketing essay, current belief that the Bermudas were harassed by tempests, devils, wicked spirits, and other fearful objects. Shakespeare as Ferdinand with fewer words intensify Strachey's picture: The possibility that incidents arising out of Virginian colonization may have turned Shakespeare's attention to the still vex'd Bermoothes and given him suggestions for one of his great plays lends added interest to Strachey's True Repertory.
But, aside from Effectiveness marketing business essay, Shakespeare, this has an of online essay, interest of its own. It has the Anglo-Saxon touch in depicting the wrath of the sea, and it shows the character of the early American colonists who braved a wrath like this. As was the case with Captain Smith, William Strachey's work too is available on Effectiveness, the Internet. Enjoy reading your fill and we'll see you upon your return. A true reportory of the wracke, and redemption of Sir THOMAS GATES Knight original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown.
A True Reportory of the Wreck and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates, Knight modern-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. For The Colony in Virginea Britannia. Lawes Divine, Morall and Martiall, c. original-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. For The Colony in of online business Virginia Brittannia: Laws Divine, Moral and Writing a dissertation title Martial, etc. Marketing? modern-spelling version at Virtual Jamestown. The Historie of Travaile Into Virginia Britannia at Google Books.
A Dictionary of Powhatan at Google Books. During his stay in the colony as its treasurer, he translated ten books of Ovid's Metamorphoses , sometimes working by the light of a pine knot. This work is and not a soul who we are? rescued from the class of mere translation by its literary art and imaginative interpretation, and it possesses for us an additional interest because of Effectiveness marketing, its nativity amid such surroundings. Two lines telling how Philemon. show that his environment aided him somewhat in the translation.
He himself says of this version that it was bred in the new world, whereof it cannot but participate, especially having wars and tumults to bring it to business light, instead of the muses. He was read by Effectiveness essay both Dryden and Pope in their boyhood, and the form of their verse shows his influence. The only original poem which merits our attention in the early Virginian colony was found soon after the Revolutionary War in a collection of manuscripts, known as the Burwell Papers . This poem is an elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacon (1676), a young Virginian patriot and military hero, who resisted the despotic governor, Sir William Berkeley. It was popularly believed that Bacon's mysterious death was due to poison. Convicted Felons Have The Right Do An For Me? An unknown friend wrote the elegy in defense of business essay, Bacon and Censorship: the Great his rebellion. These lines from that elegy show a strength unusual in Effectiveness of online marketing business colonial poetry: Clerk of the Council of Virginia, he published in London in 1705 a History and Present State of Virginia . This is today a readable account of the colony and its people in the first part of the eighteenth century. This selection shows that in those early days Virginians were noted for what has come to Censorship: the Great Paradox be known as southern hospitality: Colonel William Byrd (1674-1744) Edit. A wealthy Virginian, he was commissioned by the Virginian colony to run a line between it and North Carolina.
He then wrote a History of the Dividing Line run in of online marketing business the Year 1728 . This book is a record of personal experiences, and is as interesting as its title is forbidding. This selection describes the Dismal Swamp, through which the line ran: These two selections show that American literature, even before the Revolution, came to be something more than an imitation of English literature. No critic could say that they might as well have been written in London as in of online essay Virginia. They also show how much eighteenth-century prose had improved in form. Marketing Business? Even in England, modern prose may almost be said to begin with John Dryden, who died at the beginning of the eighteenth century. In addition to improvement in form, we may note the Literary Essay, appearance of a new quality: humor. America's earliest writers have few traces of humor because colonization was a serious life and death affair to them. After the founding of the Plymouth colony in 1620, Virginia and New England developed along different lines. Effectiveness Business? In New England there were more dwellers in Literary Analysis Essay towns, more democracy and mingling of all classes, more popular education, and of online marketing more literature.
The ruling classes of Virginia were mostly descendants of the Cavaliers who had sympathized with monarchy, while the Puritans had fought the Effectiveness of online business, Stuart kings and had approved a Commonwealth. In Virginia a wealthy class of landed gentry came to be an business, increasing power in the political history of the country. The ancestors of George Washington and many others who did inestimable service to the nation were among this class. It was long the fashion for this aristocracy to send their children to England to Writing a dissertation be educated, while the Puritans trained theirs at home. New England started a printing press, and was printing books by Effectiveness of online marketing essay 1640. In 1671 Sir William Berkeley, governor of Virginia, wrote, I thank God there are no free schools, nor printing, and I hope we shall not have these hundred years; for learning has brought disobedience and Analysis heresy and sects into the world, and printing has developed them. Producers of literature need the Effectiveness business, stimulus of town life. Have To Vote?? The South was chiefly agricultural. The plantations were large, and the people lived in far greater isolation than in New England, where not only the town, but more especially the church, developed a close social unit. One other reason served to marketing business make it difficult for a poet of the plowman type, like Robert Burns, or for an author from the general working class, like Benjamin Franklin, to arise in of online marketing business the South.
Labor was thought degrading, and the laborer did not find the same chance as at the North to learn from close association with the intelligent class. The reason for this is given by Colonel William Byrd, from whom we have quoted in the preceding section. He wrote in 1736 of the leading men of the Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, South: William Bradford was born in 1590 in the Pilgrim district of England, in Is Waste of Time the Yorkshire village of Austerfield, two miles north of Scrooby. While a child, he attended the religious meetings of the Puritans. At the Effectiveness essay, age of eighteen he gave up a good position in Is Waste of Time the post service of Effectiveness marketing business essay, England, and crossed to Holland to escape religious persecution. His History of Plymouth Plantation is not a record of the Censorship:, Puritans as a whole, but only of that branch known as the Pilgrims, who left England for Holland in 1607 and Effectiveness of online 1608, and who, after remaining there for nearly twelve years, had the Writing a dissertation, initiative to be the first of their band to come to the New World, and to settle at marketing essay Plymouth in 1620. For more than thirty years he was governor of the Literary, Plymouth colony, and he managed its affairs with the marketing business, discretion of a Washington and the zeal of a Cromwell. His History tells the Literary Essay Writing, story of the Pilgrim Fathers from the time of the formation of their two congregations in of online England, until 1647. In 1897 the United States for the first time came into possession of the manuscript of this famous History of Plymouth Plantation , which had in some mysterious manner been taken from Boston in business colonial times and had found its way into the library of the Lord Bishop of London. Few of the English seem to have read it.
Even its custodian miscalled it The Log of the Mayflower, although after the ship finally cleared from England, only Effectiveness essay, five incidents of the voyage are briefly mentioned: the Censorship: Paradox, death of a young seaman who cursed the Pilgrims on the voyage and Effectiveness of online business made sport of their misery; the cracking of Analysis Essay Writing, one of the main beams of the ship; the washing overboard in a storm of a good young man who was providentially saved; the death of Effectiveness of online marketing business, a servant; and Marriage the sight of Cape Cod. On petition, the Lord Bishop of London generously gave this manuscript of 270 pages to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. In a speech at the time of its formal reception, Senator Hoar eloquently summed up the subject matter of the of online marketing essay, volume as follows: In addition to giving matter of unique historical importance, Bradford entertains his readers with an Marriage Is Waste of Time, account of Squanto, the Pilgrims' tame Indian, of Miles Standish capturing the Effectiveness of online marketing business, lord of misrule at Merrymount, and Effectiveness of online of the of online marketing, failure of an experiment in tilling the soil in common. Bradford says that there was immediate improvement when each family received the full returns from working its own individual plot of ground. He thus philosophizes about this social experiment of the Pilgrims:
Both the subject matter of the early colonial prose in this manuscript compare favirably with that produced in England at the same time. On March 29, 1630, John Winthrop made the the Great, first entry in his Journal on board the ship Arbella, before he left the Isle of Wight for Massachusetts Bay. This Journal was to continue until a few months before his death in 1649, and was in after times to receive the dignified name of History of New England , although it might more properly still be called his Journal , as its latest editor does indeed style it. John Winthrop was born in the County of essay, Suffolk, England, in have the right do an essay 1588, the year of the defeat of the essay, Spanish Armada. He was a wealthy, well-educated Puritan, the owner of broad estates. As he paced the deck of the Arbella , the Literary Analysis Essay Writing, night before he sailed for Massachusetts, he knew that he was leaving comfort, home, friends, position, all for liberty of conscience.
Few men have ever voluntarily abandoned more than Winthrop, or clung more tenaciously to Effectiveness of online marketing business their ideals. After a voyage lasting more than two months, he settled with a large number of Puritans on Writing title, the site of modern Boston. For the principal part of the time from his arrival in 1630 until his death in 1649, he served as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Not many civil leaders of any age have shown more sagacity, patriotism, and tireless devotion to duty than John Winthrop. His Journal is a record of contemporaneous events from 1630 to Effectiveness marketing essay 1648. The early part of this work might with some justice have been called the Log of the Censorship: the Great Paradox, Arbella . TRANSLITERATION OF FACSIMILE OF WINTHROP'S JOURNAL ANNO DOMINI 1630, MARCH 29, MONDAY. EASTER MONDAY.
The entry for Monday, April 12, 1630, is: The following entry for June 5, 1644, reflects an interesting side light on business essay, the government of Harvard, our first American college: Another entry for 1644 tells of one William Franklin, condemned for causing the death of his apprentice: Winthrop relates how Franklin appealed the case when he was found guilty, and how the Puritans inflicted the death penalty on him after searching the Bible for a rule on of online business, which to base their decision. The most noticeable qualities of this terrible story are its simplicity, its repression, its lack of striving after effect. Winthrop, Bradford, and Effectiveness business essay Bunyan had learned from the 1611 version of the Bible to be content to present any situation as simply as possible and to rely on the facts themselves to secure the effect. Winthrop's finest piece of prose, Concerning Liberty , appears in an entry for the year 1645. He defines liberty as the power to do that which is good, just, and Effectiveness marketing business essay honest. This liberty you are to Effectiveness of online business essay stand for, with the hazard, not only of your goods, but of your lives, if need be. Winthrop saw clearly what many since his day have failed to see, that a government conducted by the people could not endure, if liberty meant more than this. Winthrop's Journal records almost anything which seemed important to the colonists.
Thus, he tells about storms, fires, peculiar deaths of animals, crimes, trials, Indians, labor troubles, arrival of Should convicted felons the right to vote? essay for me, ships, trading expeditions, troubles with England about the charter, politics, church matters, events that would point a moral, like the selfish refusal of the Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, authorities to loan a quantity of gunpowder to the Plymouth colony and the subsequent destruction of that same powder by an explosion, or the drowning of a child in the well while the parents were visiting on Censorship: the Great, Sunday. Of Online Essay? In short, this Journal gives valuable information about the civil, religious, and domestic life of the early days of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The art of modern prose writing was known neither in England nor in America in Winthrop's time. The wonder is that he told the story of this colony in such good form and that he still holds the interest of the reader so well. William Bradford and John Winthrop were governors of two religious commonwealths.
We must not forget that the Puritans came to America to secure a higher form of Censorship:, spiritual life. Effectiveness Of Online Marketing Business? In the reign of Elizabeth, it was thought that the Revival of Learning would cure all ills and unlock the gates of happiness. Censorship: Paradox? This hope had met with disappointment. Then Puritanism came, and ushered in a new era of spiritual aspiration for something better, nobler, and more satisfying than mere intellectual attainments or wealth or earthly power had been able to secure. The Puritans chose the Bible as the Effectiveness marketing, guidebook to their Promised Land.
The long sermons to which they listened were chiefly biblical expositions. The Puritans considered the saving of the Literary Analysis, soul the most important matter, and they neglected whatever form of culture did not directly tend toward that result. They thought that entertaining reading and other forms of amusement were contrivances of the devil to turn the soul's attention away from the Bible . Even beauty and art were considered handmaids of the Evil One. The Bible was read, reread, and constantly studied, and it took the place of secular poetry and of online marketing business prose. The New England Puritan believed in the theology of John Calvin, who died in 1564. His creed, known as Calvinism, emphasized the importance of the individual, of life's continuous moral struggle, which would land each soul in heaven or hell for all eternity. In the New England Primer , the children were taught the first article of of Time, belief, as they learned the letter A: Calvinism stressed the doctrine of foreordination, that certain ones, the elect, had been foreordained to be saved. Thomas Shephard (1605–1649), one of the great Puritan clergy, fixed the mathematical ratio of the damned to the elect as a thousand to one. On the physical side, scientists have pointed out a close correspondence between Calvin's creed and the theory of evolution, which emphasizes the desperate struggle resulting from the survival of the Effectiveness business, fittest.
The fittest are the elect; those who perish in the contest, the damned. In the evolutionary struggle, only the few survive, while untold numbers of the Analysis Essay Writing, unfit, no matter whether seeds of plants, eggs of fish, human beings, or any other form of life, go to the wall. In spite of the apparent contradiction between free will and Effectiveness of online marketing business foreordination, each individual felt himself fully responsible for the saving of his soul. A firm belief in this tremendous responsibility made each one rise the stronger to meet the other responsibilities of life. Civil responsibility seemed easier to one reared in this school. Are Not And Not A Soul Then Who We? The initiative bequeathed by Elizabethan times was increased by the Puritans' religion. Although there were probably as many university men in Effectiveness essay proportion to the population in early colonial Massachusetts as in England, the Effectiveness of online marketing business, strength and direction of Effectiveness of online business essay, their religious ideals helped to turn their energy into activities outside the field of pure literature. Are Not And Not Then? In course of time, however, Nathaniel Hawthorne appeared to Effectiveness of online marketing business essay give lasting literary expression to this life.
The clergy occupied a leading place in Literary Analysis Essay Writing both the Effectiveness essay, civil and Effectiveness marketing business religious life of New England. They were men of energy and ability, who could lead their congregations to Holland or to the wilds of New England. Effectiveness Of Online Essay? For the convicted have do an essay, purpose in hand the world has never seen superior leaders. Many of them were graduates of Cambridge University, England. Their great authority was based on character, education, and natural ability. A contemporary historian said of John Cotton, who came as pastor from the of online essay, old to the new Boston in 1633, that whatever he delivered in the pulpit was soon put into Is Waste of Time, an order of court . or set up as a practice in Effectiveness of online marketing business the church. The sermons, from two to four hours long, took the place of magazines, newspapers, and modern musical and theatrical entertainments. The church members were accustomed to hard thinking and they enjoyed it as a mental exercise. Their minds had not been rendered flabby by Marriage such a diet of miscellaneous trash or sensational matter as confronts modern readers.
Many of the congregation went with notebooks to record the Effectiveness of online marketing, different heads and Marriage Is Waste the most striking thoughts in the sermon, such, for essay instance, as the following on the dangers of idleness: The sermons were often doctrinal, metaphysical, and Writing title extremely dry, but it is a mistake to conclude that the clergy did not speak on topics of current interest. Winthrop in his Journal for Effectiveness marketing business 1639 relates how the Rev. John Cotton discussed whether a certain shopkeeper, who had been arraigned before the convicted felons the right for me, court for extortion, for having taken in some small things, above two for one, was guilty of of online marketing essay, sin and should be excommunicated from the Effectiveness, church, or only publicly admonished. Cotton prescribed admonition and he laid down a code of ethics for the guidance of sellers. With the exception of of online business essay, Roger Williams (1604?-1683), who had the modern point of view in insisting on complete soul liberty, on Should felons the right to vote? do an, the right of every man to think as he pleased on matters of religion, the Puritan clergy were not tolerant of other forms of worship. They said that they came to of online essay New England in order to worship God as they pleased. They never made the slightest pretense of establishing a commonwealth where another could worship as he pleased, because they feared that such a privilege might lead to a return of the persecution from which they had fled. If those came who thought differently about religion, they were told that there was sufficient room elsewhere, in Rhode Island, for instance, whither Roger Williams went after he was banished from Salem. The history of the Puritan clergy would have been more pleasing had they been more tolerant, less narrow, more modern, like Roger Williams.
Yet perhaps it is Writing a dissertation best not to complain overmuch of the strange and marketing essay somewhat repellent architecture of the bridge which bore us over the stream dividing the Literary Analysis Essay, desert of royal and ecclesiastical tyranny from the Promised Land of our Republic. Let us not forget that the clergy insisted on popular education; that wherever there was a clergyman, there was almost certain to be a school, even if he had to teach it himself, and that the clergy generally spoke and acted as if they would rather be free among the dead than slaves among the living. The trend of Puritan theology and Effectiveness of online business essay the hard conditions of the Great, life did not encourage the of online marketing, production of poetry. Are Not And Not Are?? The Puritans even wondered if singing in church was not an exercise which turned the mind from God. Marketing Business? The Reverend John Cotton investigated the Analysis Essay Writing, question carefully under four main heads and six subheads, and he cited scriptural authority to Effectiveness show that Paul and Silas ( Acts , xvi., 25) had sung a Psalm in the prison.
Cotton therefore concluded that the Psalms might be sung in church. The divines in the country joined to translate into English metre the whole book of Psalms from the original Hebrew, and they probably made the worst metrical translation in existence. In their preface to this work, known as the Bay Psalm Book (1640), the first book of verse printed in the British American colonies, they explained that they did not strive for Is Waste of Time a more poetic translation because God's altar needs not our polishings. The following verses from Psalm 87 are a sample of the business, so-called metrical translation which the Puritans sang: This Harvard graduate and Puritan preacher published in 1662 a poem setting forth some of the tenets of Calvinistic theology. This poem, entitled The Day of and not a soul then are?, Doom, or a Poetical Description of the Great and of online marketing essay Last Judgment , had the largest circulation of any colonial poem. Essay Writing? The following lines represent a throng of Effectiveness marketing business essay, infants at the left hand of the final Judge, pleading against Analysis Essay, the sentence of infant damnation: Wigglesworth represents the Almighty as replying: When we read verse like this, we realize how fortunate the Puritanism of Old England was to business have one great poet schooled in the love of Marriage, both morality and beauty.
John Milton's poetry shows not only his sublimity and high ideals, but also his admiration for beauty, music, and essay art. Wigglesworth's verse is inferior to If we are? much of the ballad doggerel, but it has a swing and a directness fitted to catch the popular ear and to of online marketing business essay lodge in the memory. While some of his work seems humorous to of online marketing us, it would not have made that impression on Effectiveness essay, the early Puritans. At the same time, we must not rely on verse like this for Should convicted felons have the right essay for me our understanding of their outlook on life and death. Marketing Essay? Beside Wigglesworth's lines we should place the epitaph, Reserved for of online a Glorious Resurrection, composed by the great orthodox Puritan clergyman, Cotton Mather (p. 46), for his own infant, which died unbaptized when four days old. It is well to remember that both the Puritans and their clergy had a quiet way of believing that God had reserved to himself the final interpretation of his own word. Colonial New England's best poet, or The Tenth Muse, as she was called by her friends, was a daughter of the Puritan governor, Thomas Dudley, and became the wife of another Puritan governor, Simon Bradstreet, with whom she came to Effectiveness of online essay New England in 1630. Although she was born before the Marriage Is Waste, death of Shakespeare, she seems never to have studied the Effectiveness essay, works of that great dramatist. Her models were what Milton called the fantastics, a school of poets who mistook for manifestations of poetic power, far-fetched and strained metaphors, oddities of expression, remote comparisons, conceits, and strange groupings of thought. She had especially studied Sylvester's paraphrase of The Divine Weeks and Works of the French poet Du Bartas, and probably also the works of poets like George Herbert (1593–1633), of the marketing, English fantastic school.
This paraphrase of Du Bartas was published in of online marketing business a folio of 1215 pages, a few years before Mrs. Bradstreet came to of online essay America. This book shows the taste which prevailed in England in Effectiveness of online marketing the latter part of the first third of the seventeenth century, before Milton came into the ascendancy. The fantastic comparison between the Spirit Eternal, brooding upon chaos, and a hen, is shown in these lines from Should convicted felons the right to vote? do an for me, Du Bartas: A contemporary critic thought that he was giving her early work high praise when he called her a right Du Bartas girl. One of her early poems is The Four Elements , where Fire, Air, Earth, and Water. Such a debate could never be decided, but the subject was well suited to he fantastic school of poets because it afforded an opportunity for much ingenuity of marketing business, argument and for far-fetched comparisons, which led nowhere. Late in life, in her poem, Contemplations , she wrote some genuine poetry, little marred by imitation of the fantastic school. Spenser seems to have become her master in later years.
No one without genuine poetic ability could have written such lines as: These lines show both poetic ease and power: The comparative excellence of her work in such an atmosphere and amid the domestic cares incident to the Great rearing eight children is remarkable. In 1647, Nathaniel Ward, who had been educated for the law, but who afterward became a clergyman, published a strange work known as The Simple Cobbler of Agawam, in America willing, as the sub-title continues, to help mend his native country, lamentably tattered, both in the upper leather and sole, with all the honest stitches he can take. He had been assistant pastor at Agawam (Ipswich) until ill health caused him to resign. He then busied himself in compiling a code of laws and in other writing before he returned to England in 1647. Effectiveness Of Online Marketing? The following two sentences from his unique book show two points of the religious faith of the Puritans: (1) the belief in a personal devil always actively seeking the destruction of mankind, and (2) the Writing, assumption that the Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, vitals of the elect are safe from the mortal sting of sin.
He is often a bitter satirist, a sort of colonial Carlyle, as this attack on woman shows: He does not hesitate to coin a word. The preceding short selection introduces us to nugiperous and Essay nudiustertian. Next, he calls the women's tailor-made gowns the very pettitoes of infirmity, the giblets of perquisquilian toys. The spirit of a reformer always sees work to be done, and Ward emphasized three remedies for mid-seventeenth-century ills: (1) Stop toleration of of online, departure from Literary Analysis Writing, religious truth; (2) banish the frivolities of women and men; and (3) bring the civil war in England to a just end. In proportion to the population, his Simple Cobbler , designed to mend human ways, was probably as widely read as Carlyle's Sartor Resartus in later days. In criticism, Ward deserves to be remembered for these two lines: There was born in 1652 at Effectiveness marketing essay Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England, a boy who sailed for New England when he was nine years old, and Is Waste of Time who became our greatest colonial diarist.
This was Samuel Sewall, who graduated from Harvard in 1671 and finally became chief justice of of online business essay, Massachusetts. His Diary runs with some breaks from 1673 to 1729, the year before his death. Good diaries are scarce in any literature. Those who keep them seldom commit to Literary Essay Writing writing many of the most interesting events and secrets of their lives. This failing makes the Effectiveness of online marketing, majority of diaries and memoirs very dry, but this fault cannot be found with Samuel Sewall. Of Online Marketing Business? His Diary will more and more prove a mine of wealth to the future writers of marketing essay, our literature, to our dramatists, novelists, poets, as well as to our historians. The early chronicles and Marriage of Time stories on which Shakespeare founded many of his plays were no more serviceable to him than this Diary may prove to Effectiveness of online marketing business essay a coming American writer with a genius like Hawthorne's. In Sewall's Diary we at once feel that we are close to life. The following entry brings us face to face with the children in a Puritan household:
Sewall was one of the seven judges who sentenced nineteen persons to be put to have to vote? do an essay for me death for witchcraft at Effectiveness of online business essay Salem. After this terrible delusion had passed, he had the manliness to Should convicted to vote? rise in church before all the members, and after acknowledging the blame and shame of marketing business, his decision, call for prayers that God who has an unlimited authority would pardon that sin. Sewall's Diary is best known for its faithful chronicle of marketing essay, his courtship of Mrs. Effectiveness Essay? Catharine Winthrop. Both had been married twice before, and both had grown children. He was sixty-nine and she fifty-six. Should Convicted Felons To Vote? Essay? No record of any other Puritan courtship so unique as this has been given to the world.
He began his formal courtship of Mrs. Winthrop, October 1, 1720. His Diary contains records of each visit, of what they said to each other, of the Sermons, cake, and gingerbread that he gave her, of the healths that he drank to her, the lump of sugar that she gave him, of how they went into the best room, and clos'd the shutters. Acute men have written essays to account for the aristocratic Mrs. Winthrop's refusal of Chief-Justice Sewall. Effectiveness Marketing Essay? Some have said that it was due to his aversion to Is Waste slavery and to business his refusal to allow her to keep her slaves.
This episode is only a small part of a rich storehouse. The greater part of the Diary contains only the raw materials of literature, yet some of it is real literature, and it ranks among the great diaries of the world. LIFE AND PERSONALITY. Cotton Mather, grandson of the Reverend John Cotton (p. 14), and a body the most distinguished of the old type of Puritan clergymen, was born in Boston and died in his native city, without ever having traveled a hundred miles from it.
He entered Harvard at the age of Effectiveness of online marketing, eleven, and took the bachelor's degree at fifteen. His life shows such an overemphasis of certain Puritan traits as almost to presage the coming decline of clerical influence. He says that at the age of only seven or eight he not only a body and not a soul who we, composed forms of prayer for his schoolmates, but also obliged them to Effectiveness of online marketing essay pray, although some of them cuffed him for his pains. At fourteen he began a series of If we are not a body a soul then who we are?, fasts to crucify the marketing essay, flesh, increase his holiness, and Censorship: Paradox bring him nearer to God. He endeavored never to waste a minute. Essay? In his study, where he often worked sixteen hours a day, he had in large letters the sign, BE SHORT, to greet the eyes of Analysis Writing, visitors.
The amount of writing which he did almost baffles belief. His published works, numbering about four hundred, include sermons, essays, and books. During all of his adult life, he also preached in the North Church of Boston. He was a religious fantastic, that is, he made far-fetched applications of religious truth. A tall man suggested to of online marketing essay him high attainments in Christianity; washing his hands, the desirability of a clean heart. Although Cotton Mather became the most famous clergyman of colonial New England, he was disappointed in two of his life's ambitions. He failed to become president of Harvard and to bring New England back in religious matters to the first halcyon days of the colony. On the contrary, he lived to see Puritan theocracy suffer a great decline. His fantastic and strained application of religious truth, his overemphasis of many things, and especially his conduct in zealously aiding and abetting the Salem witchcraft murders, were no mean factors in causing that decline. His intentions were certainly good. He was an apostle of altruism, and he tried to Writing title improve each opportunity for doing good in everyday life.
He trained his children to do acts of kindness for other children. His Essays to Do Good were a powerful influence on the life of Benjamin Franklin. Cotton Mather would not have lived in vain if he had done nothing else except to help mold Franklin for the service of his country; but this is only one of Mather's achievements. We must next pass to his great work in literature. This prose epic of Effectiveness marketing business, New England Puritanism, the most famous of Mather's many works, is a large folio volume entitled Magnalia Christi Americana: or the Ecclesiastical History of felons do an essay for me, New England . It was published in London in 1702, two years after Dryden's death. The book is a remarkable compound of whatever seemed to the author most striking in early New England history.
His point of view was of of online essay, course religious. The work contains a rich store of biography of the early clergy, magistrates, and governors, of the lives of Writing a dissertation, eleven of the clerical graduates of Harvard, of the faith, discipline, and government of the New England churches, of remarkable manifestations of the divine providence, and of the Way of the Lord among the Effectiveness essay, churches and the Indians. We may today turn to the Magnalia for vivid accounts of early New England life. Marriage Of Time? Mather has a way of selecting and expressing facts in such a way as to cause them to lodge in the memory. These two facts about John Cotton give us a vivid impression of the Effectiveness, influence of the early clergy: We read that the daily vocation of Thomas Shepard, the first pastor at Cambridge, Massachusetts, was, to quote Mather's noble phrase, A Trembling Walk with God.
He speaks of the choleric disposition of Censorship: the Great, Thomas Hooker, the great Hartford clergyman, and Effectiveness of online marketing business essay says it was useful unto him, because he had ordinarily as much government of his choler as a man has of a mastiff dog in a chain; he 'could let out Analysis Essay Writing his dog, and marketing business pull in his dog, as he pleased.' Some of Should to vote? essay for me, Mather's prose causes modern readers to wonder if he was not a humorist. He says that a fire in the college buildings in Effectiveness marketing essay some mysterious way influenced the President of If we are not a body and not a soul who we are?, Harvard to Effectiveness of online shorten one of his long prayers, and gravely adds, that if the devotions had held three minutes longer, the Colledge had been irrecoverably laid in ashes. One does not feel sure that Mather saw the humor in this demonstration of practical religion. A Body Who We? It is also doubtful whether he is intentionally humorous in Effectiveness marketing his most fantastic prose, such, for instance, as his likening the Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, Reverend Mr. Partridge to the bird of that name, who, because he had no defence neither of beak nor claw, took a flight over the ocean to escape his ecclesiastical hunters, and finally took wing to become a bird of paradise, along with the winged seraphim of heaven. Such fantastic conceits, which for a period blighted the literature of the leading European nations, had their last great exponent in Cotton Mather. Minor writers still indulge in these conceits, and find willing readers among the Effectiveness of online marketing business, uneducated, the tired, and Is Waste those who are bored when they are required to do more than skim the surface of of online marketing, things. Marriage Is Waste Of Time? John Seccomb, a Harvard graduate of 1728, the year in which Mather died, then gained fame from such lines as: but the business, best prose and Is Waste of Time poetry have for a long time won their readers for other qualities. Even the taste of the next generation showed a change, for Cotton Mather's son, Samuel, noted as a blemish his father's straining for far-fetched and dear-bought hints. Effectiveness Business Essay? Cotton Mather's most repellent habit to modern readers is the Great his overloading his pages with quotations in foreign languages, especially in Latin.
He thus makes a pedantic display of his wide reading. He is not always accurate in his presentation of historical or biographical matter, but in spite of all that can be said against the Magnalia , it is a vigorous presentation of much that we should not willingly let die. In fact, when we read the early history of New England, we are frequently getting from the Magnalia many things in changed form without ever suspecting the source. LIFE AND WRITINGS. Jonathan Edwards, who ranks among the world's greatest theologians and metaphysicians, was born in 1703 in East Windsor, Connecticut.
Like Cotton Mather, Edwards was precocious, entering Yale before he was thirteen. The year previous to his going to business essay college, he wrote a paper on spiders, showing careful scientific observation and argument. This paper has been called one of the rarest specimens of precocious scientific genius on record. At fourteen, he read Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding , receiving from it, he says, higher pleasure than the most greedy miser finds when gathering up handfuls of silver and gold from If we a body a soul then who we, some newly discovered treasure. Before he was seventeen, he had graduated from Yale, and he had become a tutor there before he was twenty-one. Like Dante, he had a Beatrice. Thinking of her, he wrote this prose hymn of a maiden's love for the Divine Power:
Jonathan Edwards thus places before us Sarah Pierrepont, a New England Puritan maiden. Effectiveness Of Online? To note the similarity of thought between the Old Puritan England and the New, let us turn to the maiden in Milton's Comus: Unlike Dante, Edwards married his Beatrice at the age of seventeen. In 1727, the year of his marriage, he became pastor of the are not and not then, church in Northampton, Massachusetts. With the aid of his wife, he inaugurated the greatest religious revival of the century, known as the Great Awakening, which spread to other colonial churches, crossed the ocean, and stimulated Wesley to call sinners to repentance. Early in life, Edwards formed a series of resolutions, three of which are:
To live with all my might, while I do live. Never to do anything, which, if I should see in another, I should count a just occasion to despise him for, or to think any way the more meanly of him. Never, henceforward, till I die, to act as if I were any way my own, but entirely and altogether God's. He earnestly tried to keep these resolutions until the marketing, end. After a successful pastorate of twenty-three years at Northampton, the church dismissed him for no fault of his own. Like Dante, he was driven into exile, and he went from Northampton to the frontier town of Stockbridge, where he remained for seven years as a missionary to the Indians. His wife and daughters did their utmost to Paradox add to the family income, and some contributions were sent him from Scotland, but he was so poor that he wrote his books on of online marketing essay, the backs of letters and on the blank margins cut from newspapers. His fame was not swallowed up in the wilderness. Princeton College called him to its presidency in Censorship: Paradox 1757. He died in that office in 1758, after less than three months' service in marketing business his new position. His wife was still in Stockbridge when he passed away.
Tell her, he said to his daughter, that the uncommon union which has so long subsisted between us has been of such a nature as I trust is spiritual, and therefore will continue forever. In September of the same year she came to lie beside him in Writing a dissertation the graveyard at Princeton. In 1900, the church that had dismissed him one hundred and fifty years before placed on Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, its walls a bronze tablet in his memory, with the noble inscription from Malachi ii, 6. As a writer, Jonathan Edwards won fame in three fields. He is (1) America's greatest metaphysician, (2) her greatest theologian, and (3) a unique poetic interpreter of the Writing title, universe as a manifestation of the divine love. His best known metaphysical work is The Freedom of the Will (1754).
The central point of this work is that the will is determined by Effectiveness marketing essay the strongest motive, that it is Literary repugnant to reason that one act of the will should come into existence without a cause. He boldly says that God is Effectiveness of online business free to do only what is right. Edwards emphasizes the higher freedom, gained through repeated acts of the Should convicted to vote? do an for me, right kind, until both the inclination and the power to do wrong disappear. As a theologian, America has not yet produced his superior. His Treatise concerning the Religious Affections , his account of the Great Awakening, called Faithful Narrative of the Surprising Work of business essay, God , and Thoughts on the Revival , as well as his more distinctly technical theological works, show his ability in convicted essay for me this field.
Unfortunately, he did not rise superior to the Puritan custom of preaching about hellfire. He delivered on that subject a sermon which causes modern readers to shudder; but this, although the most often quoted, is the marketing business, least typical of the man and his writings. Those in search of really typical statements of his theology will find them in such specimens as, God and are not a body a soul are? real existence is the of online, same. God is and there is nothing else. He was a theological idealist, believing that all the varied phenomena of the universe are constantly proceeding from God, as light from the are not a body then are?, sun. Effectiveness Marketing? Such statements suggest Shelley's lines, which tell how. Dr. Allen, Edwards's biographer and critic, and a careful student of his unpublished, as well as of his published, writings, says, He was at his best and greatest, most original and creative, when he described the divine love. Such passages as the following show this quality:
His favorite text was, I am the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys, and his favorite words were sweet and bright. The great English writers between the colonization of Jamestown in 1607 and the outbreak of the French and Indian War in 1754 are John Milton, John Bunyan, John Dryden, Alexander Pope, Richard Steele and Joseph Addison, Jonathan Swift, Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, and Henry Fielding. The colonial literature of this period was influenced only in a very minor degree by the work of these men, for a generation usually passed before the influence of contemporary English authors appeared in American literature. In the next section, we shall see evidences of the influence of Pope. Benjamin Franklin will tell us how Bunyan and Addison were his teachers, and the early fiction will show its indebtedness to Writing a dissertation title the work of Effectiveness business essay, Samuel Richardson.
Virginia and Massachusetts produced the bulk of American colonial literature. Business Essay? There were, however, thirteen colonies stretched along the seaboard from Georgia (1733), the last to business be founded, to Canada. The Great? Although these colonies were established under different grants or charters, and although some had more liberty and suffered less from the interference of England than others, it is nevertheless true that every colony was a school for a self-governing democracy. No colonies elsewhere in the world had the same amount of liberty. We must not suppose that there was complete liberty in those days. The early government of Virginia was largely aristocratic; that of Massachusetts, theocratic. Virginia persecuted the Puritans. The early settlers of Massachusetts drove out Roger Williams and hanged Quakers. New York persecuted those who did not join the Church of England. However, it is Effectiveness of online marketing business essay still nevertheless true that these thirteen colonies were making the greatest of all world experiments in democracy and liberty.
The important colony of New Netherland (New York) was settled by the Dutch early in the seventeenth century. They established an Effectiveness, aristocracy with great landed estates along the Hudson. The student of literature is Effectiveness marketing business specially interested in this colony because Washington Irving has invested it with a halo of a dissertation, romance. He shows us the Effectiveness marketing business, sturdy Knickerbockers, the Van Cortlands, the Van Dycks, the Van Wycks, and other chivalrous Dutch burghers, sitting in perfect silence, puffing their pipes, and Censorship: the Great Paradox thinking of nothing for hours together in those days of simplicity and Effectiveness of online business essay sunshine. For literary reasons it is well that this was not made an English colony until the Duke of York took possession of it in 1664. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, the colonists in the middle and Censorship: the Great northern part of the Effectiveness marketing essay, country divided their energies almost equally between trade and agriculture. At the South, agriculture was the chief occupation and tobacco and rice were the two leading staples. These were produced principally by the labor of negro slaves. There were also many indentured servants at the South, where the dividing lines between the different classes were most strongly marked. Up to 1700 the history of each colony is practically that of a separate unit. Almost all the colonies had trouble with Indians and royal governors.
Pirates, rapacious politicians, religious matters, or witchcraft were sometimes sources of disturbance. Marriage? All knew the business, hard labor and the privations involved in subduing the wilderness and making permanent settlements in a new land. History tells of the abandonment of many other colonies and of the subjugation of many other races, but no difficulty and no foe daunted this Anglo-Saxon stock. In 1700 the population of New England was estimated at about one hundred and ten thousand. In 1754, the convicted felons the right do an, beginning of the French and Indian War, Connecticut alone had that number, while all New England probably had at this time nearly four hundred thousand. The middle colonies began the eighteenth century with about fifty-nine thousand and Effectiveness of online business grew by the middle of the then who we are?, century to about three hundred and Effectiveness of online marketing business fifty-five thousand.
During the same period, the southern group increased from about ninety thousand to a body then who we six hundred thousand. By 1750 the Effectiveness essay, thirteen colonies probably had a total population of nearly fourteen hundred thousand. Since no census was taken until 1790, these figures are only approximately correct. Such development serves to show the trend of coming events. This remarkable increase in population soon caused numbers to Literary Writing go farther west. This movement resulted in collision with the French, who were at marketing essay this time holding the central part of the country, from the Gulf into Canada. One other result followed.
The colonies began to seem valuable to England because they furnished a market for English manufactures and a carrying trade for English ships. The previous comparative insignificance of the colonies and the trouble in England had served to protect them, but their trade had now assumed a proportion that made the mother country realize what a valuable commercial asset she would have if she regulated the colonies in her own interest. In this section we have traced the history of American colonial literature from the foundation of the Jamestown Colony until 1754. Before 1607 Chaucer, Spenser, and Shakespeare had written, and before 1620 the King James version of the Bible had been produced. England had, therefore, a wonderful literature before her colonies came to America. They were the heirs of all that the Literary Essay Writing, English race had previously accomplished; and they brought to these shores an Elizabethan initiative, ingenuity, and Effectiveness of online business democratic spirit.
The Virginia colony was founded, as colonies usually are, for a commercial reason. The Virginians and the other southern colonists lived more by Should convicted felons have the right do an essay for me agriculture, were more widely scattered, had fewer schools, more slaves, and less town life than the New Englanders. Under the influence of a commanding clergy, common schools, and the stimulus of town life, the New England colony produced more literature. The chief early writers of Virginia are: (1) Captain John Smith, who described the country and Effectiveness of online the Indians, and gave to literature the story of Pocahontas, thereby disclosing a new world to the imagination of writers; (2) William Strachey, who outranks contemporary colonial writers in Effectiveness essay describing the wrath of the sea, and who may even have furnished a suggestion to Shakespeare for The Tempest ; (3) two poets, (a) George Sandys, who translated part of Ovid, and (b) the unknown author of the elegy on Nathaniel Bacon; and (4) Robert Beverly and William Byrd, who gave interesting descriptions of early Virginia. The chief colonial writers of New England are: (1) William Bradford, whose History of Plymouth Plantation tells the story of the first Pilgrim colony; (2) John Winthrop, who wrote in his Journal the early history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; (3) the poets, including (a) the translators of the Effectiveness of online, Bay Psalm Book , the first volume of Censorship: Paradox, so-called verse printed in Effectiveness marketing business the British American colonies, (b) Wigglesworth, whose Day of Doom , was a poetic exposition of Calvinistic theology, (c) Anne Bradstreet, who wrote a small amount of genuine poetry, after she had passed from the influence of the fantastic school of poets; (4) Nathaniel Ward, the author of The Simple Cobbler of Agawam , an attempt to mend human ways; (5) Samuel Sewall, New England's greatest colonial diarist; (6) Cotton Mather, the most famous clerical writer, whose Magnalia is marketing business a compound of early colonial history and biography, sometimes written in a fantastic style; (7) Jonathan Edwards, America's greatest metaphysician and of online business essay theologian, who maintained that the action of the human will is determined by the strongest motive, that the substance of this universe is nothing but the divine Idea, communicated to human consciousness, and who could invest spiritual truth with the beauty of the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys. The New England colonist came to America because of religious feeling. His religion was to him a matter of eternal life or eternal death. From the modern point of view, this religion may seem too inflexibly stern, too little illumined by the spirit of love, too much darkened by the shadow of eternal punishment, but unless that religion had communicated something of the Great Paradox, its own dominating inflexibility to the colonist, he would never have braved the ocean, the wilderness, the Indians; he would never have flung the gauntlet down to tyranny at Lexington and Concord.
The greatest lesson taught by colonial literature, by men like Bradford, Winthrop, Edwards, and the New England clergy in general, is moral heroism, the determination to follow the shining path of the business essay, Eternal over the wave and through the forest to a new temple of human liberty. Their aspiration, endeavor, suffering, accomplishment, should strengthen our faith in Literary Writing the worth of those spiritual realities which are not quoted in the markets of the world, but which alone possess imperishable value. In either Gardiner's Students' History of England , Walker's Essentials in English History , Andrews's History of England , or Cheney's Short History of England , read the chapters dealing with the time of Elizabeth, James I, Charles I, the Effectiveness of online marketing, Commonwealth, Charles II, James II, William and Mary, Anne, George I and title II. Of Online Marketing Essay? A work like Halleck's History of English Literature covering these periods, should be read. Read the account from the earliest times to the outbreak of the French and Indian War in any of the following: Thwaites's The Colonists , 1492-1750. Fisher's Colonial Era . Writing Title? Lodge's A Short History of the Effectiveness of online marketing, English Colonies in America . Doyle's The English in America . Hart's Essentials in American History . The Great? Channing's A Students' History of the United States . Eggleston's A Larger History of the marketing, United States of America . Is Waste Of Time? James and Sanford's American History . For an account of special colonies, consult the Effectiveness of online, volumes in American Commonwealths series, and also, Fiske's Beginnings of New England , The Dutch and Quaker Colonies in America , Old Virginia and Her Neighbors . Tyler's A History of American Literature during the Colonial Time , 2 vols. Otis's American Verse , 1625-1807. Richardson's American Literature , 2 vols.
Trent's A History of American Literature , 1607-1865. Wendell's History of Literature in America'_. Narratives of Early Virginia , edited by Tyler. Bradford's History of Plymouth Plantation . New edition, edited by Davis. (Scribner, 1908.) Winthrop's Journal (History of New England). New edition, edited by Hosmer, 2 vols., (Scribner, 1908.) Chamberlain's Samuel Sewall and the World He Lived in . Censorship: The Great Paradox? Lodge's A Puritan Pepys (Sewall) in Studies in History . Of Online Marketing Business Essay? Campbell's Anne Bradstreet and If we are not and not a soul then her Time . Twichell's John Winthrop . Walker's Thomas Hooker . Wendell's Life of Cotton Mather . Allen's Life of Jonathan Edwards . Gardiner's Jonathan Edwards, a Retrospect . The following volumes of selections from of online business, American Literature will be referred to convicted felons to vote? for me either by the last name of the author, or, if there are more authors than one, by the initials of the last names: Cairns's Selections from Early American Writers , 1607-1800. (Macmillan.) Trent and Wells's Colonial Prose and Effectiveness business Poetry , 3 vols., 1607-1775. (Crowell.) Stedman and Hutchinson's A Library of American Literature , 1608–1890, 11 vols. (Benjamin.) Carpenter's American Prose Selections . (Macmillan.) Trent's Southern Writers: Selections in Prose and Verse . (Macmillan.) JOHN SMITH The Beginnings of Effectiveness essay, Jamestown (from A True Relation of Virginia , 1608); The Religious Observances of the Indians (from A Map of Virginia , published in 1612), Cairns, pp. 2–4, 10-14; The Romance of Pocahontas (from The General History of Virginia , 1624), S. H., Vol.
I., pp. Effectiveness Of Online? 10–17; T. Marketing Essay? W., Vol. I., pp. 12–22. WILLIAM STRACHEY Read the selection from A True Repertory of the Wrack and Redemption of Sir Thomas Gates , in Cairns, 19-26.
POETRY IN THE VIRGINIA COLONY. For George Sandys, see pp. Effectiveness Of Online Essay? 51–58 in Vol. I. of Tyler's A History of American Literature during the Colonial Time . For the elegy on the death of Nathaniel Bacon, see Tyler, Vol. I., 78, 79; Cairns, 185-188; T. W., II., 166-169; S. H., I., 456-458; Trent, 12-14. DESCRIPTIONS OF VIRGINIA The best selection from Beverly's History and Present State of Virginia may be found in T. Have The Right To Vote? Essay For Me? W., II., 354-360. See also Trent, 16-18; S. H., II., 270-272. For selections from Byrd's History of the of online marketing, Dividing Line , see Cairns, passim , 259-272; Trent, 19-22; T. W., III., 23-32; S. Business Essay? H., II., 302-305. WILLIAM BRADFORD The Voyage of the Mayflower, Cairns, 31-35; Early Difficulties of the Pilgrim Fathers, T. W., I., 42-45; The Communal System Abandoned, T. W., I., 46-49; The Landing of the Pilgrims and their Settlement at Plymouth, S. H., L, 124-130.
JOHN WINTHROP Twenty-five entries from of online marketing business essay, his Journal or History of New England are given in Cairns, 44-48, and fourteen in T. W., I., 99-105. His famous speech on Liberty may be found in T. W., I., 106-116; in S. H., I., 302-303; and in Cairns, 50-53. EARLY NEW ENGLAND VERSE The selection given earlier from the Bay Psalm Book is sufficient. For Wigglesworth's Day of Doom , see Cairns, 166-177; T. W., II., 54-60; S. H., passim , II., 3-16. Anne Bradstreet's best poem, Contemplations , may be found in Cairns, 154-162; T. W., I., 280-283; S. H., I., 314, 315.
WARD'S SIMPLE COBBLER OF AGAWAM His view of religious toleration is given in Cairns, 113-118, and Marriage Is Waste of Time T. W., I., 253-259. For the satiric essay on Effectiveness of online business, women's fashions, see Cairns, 119-124; T. W., I., 260-266; S. H. I., 276-280. SAMUEL SEWALL Cairns, 240-243, gives from the Diary the events of a month. Notes on the Witchcraft Persecution and his prayer of repentance for the blame and shame of it may be found in T. W., II., 294-296. The record of Censorship:, his courtship of Madam Winthrop is given in Effectiveness of online marketing essay Cairns, 245-249; T. W., III., 304-319; and S. H., II., 192-200. For his early anti-slavery tract, see T. W., II., 320-326; S. H., II., 189-192. COTTON MATHER His fantastic life of Mr. Ralph Partridge from the Magnalia is given in Cairns, 228, 229. Effectiveness Business Essay? The interesting story of the New England argonaut, Sir William Phips, may be found in T. Marketing Essay? W., II., 257-266, and in S. H., II., 143-149. One of his best biographies is that of Thomas Hooker, S. Marriage Of Time? H., II., 149-156. JONATHAN EDWARDS For a specimen of an almost poetic exposition of the divine love, read the selection in Cairns, 280, 281; T. W., III., 148, 149; S. H., II., 374; and Carpenter, 16, 17, beginning, I am the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the valleys.
Selections from his Freedom of the of online business essay, Will are given in Cairns. 291-294; T. W., III., 185-187; and S. H., II., 404-407 (the best). 1. Is Captain John Smith more remarkable for chronicling what passed before his senses or for explaining what he saw? How does his account of the convicted do an essay, Indians compare with modern understanding? Is Smith apparently a novice, or somewhat skilled in essay writing prose? Does he seem to you to be a romancer or a narrator of a plain unvarnished tale? 2. Compare Strachey's storm at sea with Act I of Shakespeare's Tempest . In what part of this Act and under what circumstances does he mention the still-vex'd Bermoothes? 3. Compare the ability of the three great early colonizers, Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, in If we a soul then who we are? writing narrative prose. Smith's story of Pocahontas is easily accessible. Those who can find the complete works of Bradford and Winthrop may select from Bradford for comparison his story of Effectiveness of online marketing business, Squanto, the Pilgrims' tame Indian. Winthrop's Journal contains many specimens of brief narrative, such as the story of the voyage across the Atlantic from March 29 to June 14, 1630; of Winthrop's losing himself in the wood, October 11, 1631; of shipwreck on the Isle of Shoals, August 16, 1635; of an indentured servant, March 8, 1636; of an adventure with Indians, July 20–30, August 24, and October 8, 1636.
Those without opportunity to consult the works of Bradford and Winthrop will find in the books of selections sufficient material for comparison. 4. Is brevity or prolixity a quality of these early narrators? Was English prose written before 1640 superior to the work of these three men? What advance in prose narrative do you find in have the right Beverly and Byrd? 5. What characteristic of a famous English prose writer of the nineteenth century is noticeable in of online marketing business Ward's essay on Is Waste of Time, fashions? 6. Why could fine poetry not be reasonably expected in early Virginia and New England? What are some of the Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, Calvinistic tenets expounded in Wigglesworth's Day of Doom ? Choose the best two short selections of colonial poetry. 7. What are some of the qualifications of a good diarist? Which of these do you find in the Diary of Samuel Sewall? 8. Point out some of the fantastic prose expressions of Cotton Mather. Compare his narrative of Captain Phips with the work of Smith, Bradford, and Winthrop, on Effectiveness, the one hand, and of Beverly and Byrd, on the other.
9. Compare the theology in Edwards's Rose of Effectiveness of online essay, Sharon selection with that in Wigglesworth's Day of Doom . Censorship:? Why may this selection from Edwards be called a poetic exposition of the divine love? What is his view of the freedom of the will?
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Guidelines for writing a literature review. by Helen Mongan-Rallis. Of Online Marketing Essay! Last updated: November 21, 2014. [Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have quoted directly some of the If we are not are? the steps from: Galvan, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences (3rd ed.) . Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing. Business Essay! ] A literature review is not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. While a summary of the Writing what you have read is of online business essay contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for are not and not a soul who we are?, a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). These guidelines are adapted primarily from Effectiveness of online marketing business essay, Galvan (2006). Should Felons The Right Do An Essay! Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is marketing business essay very useful to use as you write your review.
I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in If we are not are? suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in Effectiveness of online marketing essay helping you organize your review. In the sections from a body a soul then who we are?, Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan. I also provide links at the end of of online business essay, this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at have the right do an for me, the end of of online marketing, these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of Censorship: the Great Paradox, how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g. Effectiveness Marketing Business! font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations.
It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.Ed. Essay! project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Step 3: Identify the literature that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see UMD library resource links below for help with this), identifying relevant databases in Effectiveness business your field of study. Using relevant databases, search for are not then who we, literature sources using Google Scholar and also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the Furl accounts of other Furl members). Some tips for Effectiveness, identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is Paradox already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in this field. Marketing Essay! You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in Marriage Is Waste of Time both the document title and in the abstract.
Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out Effectiveness essay if the topic that you are reviewing is Writing too broad. Try to of online essay narrow it to a specific area of Censorship: Paradox, interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Effectiveness of online, Educ 7001). Effectiveness Of Online Marketing Business Essay! It is a good idea, as part of Effectiveness of online marketing business, your literature search, to look for Literary Writing, existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. As part of Effectiveness of online essay, your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for Marriage Is Waste, your study. Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for guide on how to do this from different databases). You can also enter references manually into Effectiveness marketing, RefWorks if you need to. Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing:
Overview the articles : Skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the Censorship: the Great Paradox article (focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and Effectiveness of online essay first few paragraphs, the Marriage Is Waste of Time conclusion of each article. Tip: as you skim the articles, you may want to record the notes that you take on each directly into RefWorks in the box for User 1. Business Essay! You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the Literary Analysis articles into categories (e.g. into topics and subtopics and chronologically within each subtopic). Once again, it's useful to enter this information into of online, your RefWorks record. You can record the topics in Literary Analysis the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to Effectiveness of online place this article. Marriage Of Time! Take notes : Decide on the format in Effectiveness of online business essay which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in RefWorks. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration (free 30 trial download), a data base program (e.g. Felons To Vote? Do An! Access or File Maker Pro), in Effectiveness of online marketing essay an Excel spreadsheet, or the old-fashioned way of using note cards. Be consistent in Should have the right essay for me how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in of online marketing the way keys terms are defined (note these differences).
Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. Select useful quotes that you may want to include in your review. Important : If you copy the exact words from an article, be sure to cite the Literary Analysis Essay Writing page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by page references). To ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the article in a format that allows this, you can copy and paste using your computer edit -- copy -- paste functions. Note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. The rule I follow is to quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the original words adds special emphasis to a point that I am making. Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the of online marketing business essay issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. and weaknesses. Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and a dissertation title actual research findings (derived from empirical evidence). Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and business essay patterns over time as reported in the literature.
This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in Writing a dissertation title the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist (based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study). These gaps will be important for of online business, you to address as you plan and write your review. If We Then! Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in Effectiveness of online the same area. You may also note that studies fall into different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature). When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. Keep your review focused on have the right do an for me, your topic: make sure that the Effectiveness marketing essay articles you find are relevant and are not and not who we directly related to of online marketing business essay your topic. Is Waste! As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to Effectiveness write up your review). If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in of online marketing business a separate field (e.g. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3; in Excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for key descriptors. Effectiveness Marketing Business Essay! Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings.
However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. Typically a review will cover the Effectiveness of online marketing essay last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the business essay direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Step 5: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format. Galvan (2006) recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review. If you do include tables as part of your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in If we and not are? the table. You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map (such as using Inspiration) You can create the table using the table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste/import the the Excel sheet into Word once you have completed the table in Excel. The advantage of Effectiveness, using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors (e.g. sort by date, and then by author; sort by methodology and then date) Examples of tables that may be relevant to Writing a dissertation title your review: Definitions of key terms and concepts. Research methods Summary of research results.
Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to Effectiveness business writing your review. Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan (2006: 71-79) Consider your purpose and convicted to vote? do an for me voice before beginning to business write. Analysis Writing! In the case of this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the Effectiveness of online business topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus. You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.Ed. and ultimately in Should convicted felons to vote? for me your final project.
In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of study and/or establishing context for Effectiveness of online business essay, a study that you have done. Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the If we are not and not picture that you have captured in your notes. Effectiveness Essay! Important: A literature review is not series of the Great, annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Galvan (2006:72) captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and a literature review very well: . in essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest. In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the business essay trees you found in Marriage of Time the literature you read. Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first explain to the reader your line or argument (or thesis); then your narrative that follows should explain and justify your line of argument. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to of online marketing essay convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the outline button). This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Plan to describe relevant theories.
Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to the Great and advance theory Plan to Effectiveness marketing business essay summarize periodically and, again near the Should convicted felons have the right to vote? for me end of the review Plan to present conclusions and implications Plan to marketing business essay suggest specific directions for convicted felons have the right to vote? for me, future research near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis. Step 7: Writing the review (Galvan, 2006: 81-90) Identify the broad problem area, but avoid global statements Early in the review, indicate why the topic being reviewed is important Distinguish between research finding and other sources of information Indicate why certain studies are important If you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic, be specific in describing the essay time frame If citing a classic or landmark study, identify it as such If a landmark study was replicated, mention that and indicate the results of the replication Discuss other literature reviews on your topic Refer the reader to other reviews on issues that you will not be discussing in If we a body and not then are? details Justify comments such as, no studies were found. Avoid long lists of of online marketing business essay, nonspecific references If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately Cite all relevant references in the review section of thesis, dissertation, or journal article. Step 8: Developing a coherent essay (Galvan, 2006: 91-96) If your review is are not a body and not are? long, provide an overview near the beginning of the review Near the beginning of a review, state explicitly what will and will not be covered Specify your point of of online marketing essay, view early in the review: this serves as the thesis statement of the review. Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the and not a soul then are? literature and communicates your point of view (a literature is of online not a series of annotated articles). Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. Marketing Business Essay! If the marketing essay review was written to stand alone, as is the case of a term paper or a review article for Analysis, publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in Effectiveness of online marketing essay the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Galvan, J. (2006). Essay! Writing literature reviews: a guide for Effectiveness of online marketing, students of the behavioral sciences ( 3rd ed.). Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.