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Artificial Intelligence#x3a; A Modern Approach, 2nd Edition. Writing Title? Stuart Russell, University of California, Berkeley. Peter Norvig, Google Inc. Industrial Revolution? For one or two-semester, undergraduate or graduate-level courses in Artificial Intelligence. The long-anticipated revision of this best-selling text offers the most comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to the theory and practice of artificial intelligence. Click on Features tab below for more information. Visit the author's website http://aima.cs.berkeley.edu/ to access both student and a dissertation title instructor resources including Power Point slides, syllabus. homework and exams, and solutions text problems. The publication of this textbook was a major step forward, not only for the teaching of AI, but for the unified view of the field that this book introduces. Even for experts in the field, there are important insights in Resume Parser Free Parse Resume, almost every chapter. — Prof. Thomas Dietterich, Oregon State. Just terrific.
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No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher. NEW - Nontechnical learning material. Provides a simple overview of Sample Appeal Appeal, major concepts, uses a nontechnical language to help increase understanding. Makes the book accessible to a broader range of students. Promotes student interest with interesting, relevant exercises.
Brings students up to date on the latest technologies, and presents concepts in a more unified manner. Allows many more opportunities for student projects on the web. Shows students how the various subfields of AI fit together to build actual, useful programs. Makes the text adaptable for varying instructors' preferences. Writing A Dissertation? Provides students with a basic understanding of the frontiers of AI without compromising complexity and depth. Gives instructors and students a choice of projects; reading and running the code increases understanding. Author Maintained Website. visit http://aima.cs.berkeley.edu/ to access text-related Comments and Discussions , AI Resources on the Web , and Online Code Repository , Instructor Resources , and more!
Provides a simple overview of major concepts, uses a nontechnical language to help increase understanding. Makes the convicted the right essay, book accessible to a broader range of students. Promotes student interest with interesting, relevant exercises. Writing A Dissertation? Brings students up to date on the latest technologies, and Should convicted felons have the right to vote? do an essay presents concepts in a more unified manner. Allows many more opportunities for student projects on the web. Author Maintained Website. visit http://aima.cs.berkeley.edu/ to Writing title access text-related Comments and Discussions , AI Resources on the Web , and Online Code Repository , Instructor Resources , and more! I. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. III. Archetypes In Peter Pan? KNOWLEDGE AND REASONING. V. UNCERTAIN KNOWLEDGE AND REASONING.
VII. COMMUNICATING, PERCEIVING, AND ACTING. Stuart Russell was born in 1962 in Portsmouth, England. Writing? He received his B.A. Book? with first-class honours in physics from Oxford University in 1982, and Writing his Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford in 1986. Archetypes Pan? He then joined the faculty of the University of California at a dissertation title Berkeley, where he is a professor of computer science, director of the Center for Intelligent Systems, and holder of the Smith-Zadeh Chair in Engineering. In 1990, he received the Presidential Young Investigator Award of the National Science Foundation, and in a dissertation, 1995 he was cowinner of the Computers and Thought Award. He was a 1996 Miller Professor of the University of Writing a dissertation title, California and was appointed to a Chancellor's Professorship in Sample Appeal Letters, 2000. In 1998, he gave the a dissertation title, Forsythe Memorial Lectures at Stanford University. He is a Fellow and former Executive Council member of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence. He has published over 100 papers on a wide range of topics in artificial intelligence. His other books include The Use of Knowledge in Analogy and Induction and (with Eric Wefald) Do the Right Thing: Studies in Limited Rationality.
Peter Norvig is Sample Appeal director of Search Quality at Google, Inc. He is Writing a dissertation a Fellow and Executive Council member of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence. Previously, he was head of the Computational Sciences Division at NASA Ames Research Center, where he oversaw NASA's research and development in artificial intelligence and Learn Appeal Letters robotics. Before that he served as chief scientist at Junglee, where he helped develop one of the first Internet information extraction services, and as a senior scientist at Sun Microsystems Laboratories working on intelligent information retrieval. He received a B.S. in applied mathematics from Brown University and a Ph.D. in computer science from the University of California at Berkeley. He has been a professor at the University of Southern California and a research faculty member at Berkeley. He has over 50 publications in Writing a dissertation, computer science including the Appeal Appeal Letters, books Paradigms of AI Programming: Case Studies in a dissertation, Common Lisp, Verbmobil: A Translation System for Face-to-Face Dialog, and Intelligent Help Systems for UNIX.
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How to Write a Dissertation Title
otto eckstein resume AKA Sigismund Schlomo Freud. Birthplace: Freiberg, Moravia  Race or Ethnicity: White. Sexual orientation: Straight. Executive summary: Die Traumdeutung. The father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud is best known for his tendency to trace nearly all psychological problems back to sexual issues. Writing? Although only archetypes parts of his theory of psychosexual development are still accepted by mainstream psychologists, Freud's theory of the Oedipal Complex has become a cultural icon nevertheless. Other now-famous Freudian innovations include the therapy couch, the use of talk therapy to resolve psychological problems, and his theories about the unconscious -- including the a dissertation, role of repression, denial, sublimation, and projection. Initially a Viennese medical doctor, Freud was trained in neurology, and he originally drew inspiration from the work of Charles Darwin which explained behavior in evolutionary terms. But Freud's introduction to hypnotherapy and to the stunning revelations it elicited from mentally ill patients led him to develop a revolutionary theory of the mind and of the dynamics underlying human behavior.
While Freud's theories have always been controversial, his work forms a major portion of the foundations of modern psychology, with considerable modification by later theorists. Sigmund Schlomo Freud was born May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia. Then located in the Austrian Empire, the region is now part of the Czech Republic. Sigmund Freud's father, Jacob, was a Jewish merchant of limited means, and a former widower. And his mother, Amalia, was Jacob’s second wife. She was at least twenty years younger than her husband, and was in fact close in age to Freud’s two stepbrothers -- part of Jacob's numerous offspring from a previous marriage. Amalia also bore several children, eight including her first born and Sample Appeal Learn Letters, favorite, Sigmund. Writing A Dissertation? He distinguished himself with intellectual brilliance from an early age, routinely excelled in school, and was aided by his parents in pursuing every educational advantage that they could afford. He was overall, their most favored child. Sample Appeal Letter? Nonetheless, Freud recalls being extremely sensitive to any outburst of criticism from his father, however rare, and to any other act of his father’s that impugned young Sigmund's sense of worth (for example, refusing to answer back to anti-Semitic remarks when the two were together). From the age of four onward, Sigmund Freud grew up in Vienna.
By age eight he was reading Shakespeare. Writing A Dissertation Title? At age seventeen he began attending the University of Vienna, graduating in 1881 with a degree in medicine. Freud's key interest however was in the workings of the brain, with his perspective deriving from Darwin’s work on evolution. Industrial Revolution? Thus Freud started out with the Writing title, belief that physiology and evolution determined behavior. He felt that the Letter Learn Appeal, secrets of behavior dysfunction therefore, were likely to be revealed through a physical, scientific study of the brain and its related systems. And he was eager to Writing a dissertation further explore this area. However, positions for conducting pure research, upon a paid basis, were limited, so Freud took up work at Theodor Meynert's Psychiatric Clinic. It was during this period that he began his studies into a promising new drug, cocaine, which he believed would become a common treatment for depression -- and perhaps even for other ailments, including indigestion. Appeal Letter? He himself became an enthusiastic user of cocaine, also handing it out to colleagues and a dissertation, relations (including his sisters) and praising its merits in Sample Appeal Learn, various scholarly papers. He even sent a bit of cocaine to his fianc Martha Bernays to make her strong and give her cheeks a red color. Meanwhile, Freud's friend Wilhelm Fleiss was utilizing the drug, sometimes in concert with surgery, to Writing title treat patients for Parser Free Parse Template, reflex nasal neuroses.
That is, he hoped to cure them of Writing, their mental ills by stimulating or modifying the sinus area -- an approach that can only a dissertation title vaguely be likened to modern reflexology. A Dissertation? Freud occasionally referred patients to Fleiss for archetypes in peter pan, this procedure, most notably Emma Eckstein whose treatment went tragically awry. But Freud himself was beginning to move away from a purely medical approach to psychiatry. In 1885 he had received a brief scholarship to title Paris' Salpetrire. And it was there that he became immersed in Jean-Martin Charcot's studies on hysteria. Hysteria (now called conversion disorder) most typically afflicted women and was marked by a variety of physical and behavioral symptoms, for which physicians were unable to find any medical cause. Convicted Felons To Vote? For Me? It is a dissertation title, worth noting that hysteria, in women, became a particularly common diagnosis in Victorian times, and it has been speculated that many of these women may have been suffering from extreme sexual frustration -- a theory lent credence by the fact that a goodly number of these women gained temporary relief from their symptoms by visiting the physician for clitoral massage. Freud meanwhile, mired in the perspective of his era, was mystified and Sample Appeal Letter Learn, intrigued by these women and their hard to explain sufferings. A Dissertation Title? But Charcot's work with hypnotherapy, indicated a pathway of exploration, a potential means to glimpse into the otherwise hidden realm of the unconscious to find clues to AFRICAN-AMERICAN AMERICAN IN WORLD help the source of dysfunction.
Armed with this insight, Freud returned to Vienna where he established a private practice specializing in nervous and brain disorders. Inspired by a dissertation title Charcot's example, as well as the work of friend and fellow practitioner, Josef Breuer, Freud introduced the industrial revolution Book Report, use of hypnotherapy to his own patients. Freud and Breuer discovered was that, having been guided into a relaxed mental state, the Writing title, patient's mind would then gravitate toward the troubling experience or belief that was causing dysfunctional symptoms --especially if prodded by Book Report the right kind of questions. More importantly, once the patient had recalled and verbalized the particular problematic experience or belief, the symptoms disappeared. This experience with hypnotherapy made Freud a staunch proponent of Writing, this catharsis or talking cure, as a way to Report alleviate or remove hysteria and neurosis. But he soon found that actual hypnotism was unnecessary with most patients.
Rather, he came to Writing title develop his own distinctive approach. As part of Book, this he invented a therapy couch, a comfortable bed-like piece of Writing a dissertation title, furniture, on which the patient could recline and deeply relax, while the in peter pan, therapist sat close by for conversation and note taking. This was used as substitute for the relaxing properties of hypnotherapy. In addition he developed the now famous technique of free association -- encouraging the patient to a dissertation title speak aloud about any thoughts or images that drifted into their awareness. To this he later added the use of dream analysis, the use of in peter pan, journals or diaries, and even what we now call the Freudian slip -- i.e. the notion that slips of the tongue, or forgetful lapses, are far from random and accidental, but are instead manifestations of the unconscious mind at Writing a dissertation title work. As such, these slips were yet another clue about the particulars of repressed conflicts and experiences. Appeal Appeal Letters? Similarly, even jokes were not safe from Writing a dissertation title Freudian analysis. In his view, everything we said or didn’t say had some tidbit to archetypes in peter suggest about the title, activities of the unconscious portion of the mind. But even as he was inventing and refining this new field of psychoanalysis, Freud was becoming increasingly convinced of the connection between neurosis and sexual conflict -- not surprising given that a large portion of his patients probably were suffering from sexually related conflicts.
In fact in WOMEN WHITE WOMEN IN WORLD essay, general sexual repression, and sexual ignorance, were rampant in Europe and the U.S. Writing? during the Victorian period, and no less so in Vienna. Writing A Dissertation? But Freud took this localized truth and relied upon it to make generalized theories about Writing human behavior. WOMEN WHITE WOMEN Essay? Thus it was that he became convinced of the overwhelming importance of the sex drive, both in shaping personality and in contributing to neurosis and Writing a dissertation title, psychological dysfunction. When he published his theories he shocked the world by claiming that even infants had a sex drive and that (as in the Oedipal Complex) little boys become emotionally and sexually fixated on their own mothers -- while viewing their fathers as hated sexual rivals to be defeated or killed off. But Freud's view of sexuality, and of the libido in general, were far more complex -- and far less surreal -- than a quick summary of the Oedipal Complex would suggest.
To begin with, he accepted the idea that all human beings come into the world as potential bisexuals. And he theorized that our first sensuality was not genital but oral. This oral stage was marked by the infant's preoccupation with sensations experienced with the lips and Should convicted felons have do an for me, mouth. Writing Title? Later, as a toddler, the child entered into an anal phase where the emphasis was on the sensations and accomplishments surrounding bowel movements. A phallic stage came next in which the sensations of the genitals, experienced in the context of holding in or releasing urine, came into prominence. (Note that Freud proposed the clitoris as the female equivalent of the penis; thus girls too experienced a phallic stage.) After these simplistic sensate focused stages, identified with early childhood, came the child’s emergence into a broader social awareness. The father becomes significant at last (in the era before dad’s did diapers or administered bottles), and becomes seen as a rival for the mother’s love and attention. Revolution Book? But as the child’s maturing social awareness grows further, assimilating the norms and limitations of society, sexual feeling enters a latency stage. In short, the a dissertation title, child realizes that booting Daddy out the door and growing up to marry Mommy is a big social no-no. Sexual feeling is, according to Freud, repressed until reawakened by puberty, at which time is becomes directed at more appropriate love objects.
There follows a stage of AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WHITE college essay help, adolescent awkwardness as this biologically fueled imperative awaits an approving nod from society -- that is, until the individual reaches the age for marriage. In the midst of all this psychosexual development, said Freud, the mind develops a tripartite structure: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id (a term derived from the Latin word for it and title, borrowed from the work of physician Georg Groddeck) represents our earliest way of relating to the world, an Resume Free Resume, unselfconscious desiring for fulfillment of our basic needs. But as the child develops he becomes more aware of himself as separate and distinct from other human beings and from the other objects that satisfy his desires. This self-aware aspect of the psyche is the ego . The ego is in touch with what Freud called the reality principle. More simply put, the ego understands about limitations and about strategies for overcoming limitations. The focus of awareness has expanded from what I want to how I can get it. But of course limitations are often socially imposed. Young children soon learn that nose picking, eating double helpings of chocolate cake, or jumping up and down on the furniture will elicit a negative response from adult authority figures and others of significance.
In short, the child may be punished or emotionally rejected. Thus the psyche gives rise to that aspect Freud called the superego . The superego is the internalized sense of right and wrong, the conscience. And in contrast to the id, which is very inward focused (with its cues coming from the a dissertation, needs of the self), the superego is very outward focused, with its priorities driven in large part by the needs of others: one’s parents, teachers, the community. Freud was fascinated by the interaction of these various aspects of the psyche -- and the way that they sometimes come into archetypes in peter stark conflict. That is, it is left to the ego to successfully meet the needs of the title, id, while staying within the limits imposed by the superego. Naturally, as everyone has experienced, this is not an easy job.
For example: an individual may have a body based yearning for Writing title, sexual gratification, but have an internalized moral belief that says sex is dirty and sinful. Writing? The conflict between innate desire (id) and conditioned beliefs (superego) may manifest in a dissertation title, such symptoms as anxiety, guilt, and title, frustration. Meanwhile, in the struggle to Resume Parser Free keep the inner peace, to cope with and balance the dictates of the superego with the demands of the id, the ego may resort to one of a variety of defense mechanisms . Amongst these are denial, repression, sublimation, intellectualization, compensation, and reaction formation. They vary in detail, but each is Writing title, employed to reduce the conscious emotional tension that would otherwise be experienced by the ego. Pan? Thus the sexually conflicted individual may, for example, use rationalization to convince themselves of the moral superiority of a dissertation, waiting for marriage. And the more strongly the id cries for sensual satisfaction, the more of AMERICAN WOMEN college help, a talking to the individual will have to give themselves, and the more he/she will feel the need to extol the virtues of virginity to others. But as one might imagine, the underlying desires and awareness do not truly disappear -- not unless some kind of Writing, neurological damage occurs. Resume Template? Instead the thoughts and feelings are merely pushed into the background -- a kind of white noise as it were. But ironically, as Freud discovered, such repressed knowledge can still continue to title influence behavior.
Hence strange dreams, peculiar verbal slips of the tongue, and a variety of seemingly irrational behaviors. Individuals may even find themselves unable to consistently do what they believe they should -- or at the very least, find themselves feeling strangely unhappy even though they have done what they consciously believe is right. Freud’s exploration of such phenomenon, and his assertions about the nature and functioning of the unconscious mind, remains one of VERSUS WHITE WOMEN IN WORLD college essay help, Freud's major contributions to a dissertation title the field of psychology. By contrast, prior to industrial revolution Book Report this work, most people believed in a kind of positivism. That is that individuals, and by a dissertation title extension whole societies, could simply choose to do the AFRICAN-AMERICAN VERSUS WHITE IN WORLD help, right thing.
For example: to live moral lives informed wholly by the Bible (or wholly rational lives informed by science). Meanwhile the glaring fact that people often gave in to Writing a dissertation selfishness, base impulses, or irrational behavior was attributed to weakness of character, racial inferiority, insanity, or ignorance (a.k.a. Writing? stupidity). But of a dissertation, course such labeling had little to Parser Resume offer in the way of a constructive solution -- except perhaps eugenics. Freud on the other hand offered a method through which the individual could uncover the root source of the dysfunction and, ideally, heal it , thus becoming freer to make better, more satisfying choices. But Freud's theories were not immediately embraced. Other medical doctors were a particular source of ridicule. And indeed even today, many in a dissertation, the field of psychiatry lean toward a more biochemical view of both the source of dysfunction and treatment. Revolution Book Report? But in the 1890s and Writing a dissertation, turn of the century, a significant number of others slowly began gravitating toward Freud's point of view as word of his findings circulated, through both his lectures and his publications.
By 1906 he had collected a small inner circle that met regularly to discuss this new field of psychoanalysis. This group included Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, Otto Rank, Abraham Brill, Eugen Bleuler, and William Stekel. A worldwide organization eventually emerged in 1910, the International Psychoanalytical Association. And a magazine devoted to the psychoanalytic field came along in 1912. But despite the fact that Freud himself would come to be a major totem figure within the field of Parser Template, psychology as a whole, dissension was already thinning the ranks of his disciples. Writing A Dissertation Title? Most notably, both Adler (1911) and Jung (1913) left to VERSUS WHITE IN WORLD found their own schools of psychoanalytic theory. Although Freud's work introduced and popularized a number of concepts and techniques that are still in a dissertation title, use today, the work of VERSUS WHITE AMERICAN WOMEN IN WORLD college help, peers like Adler and Young and of later theorists like Abraham Maslow, Erik Erikson, Wilhelm Reich, and a dissertation title, Erich Fromm -- to name but a few -- have dramatically altered the role of Freud's theories within the Sample Appeal Letter Appeal, overall field of psychology. But his most enduring contributions have been the use of talk therapy and a dissertation title, the notions of the unconscious. More recent understandings of child development, gender issues, and the other drives -- beyond sex -- that shape human behavior have drastically overhauled our understanding of psychology and the formation and treatment of dysfunction. Of course, just as in Freud's day, there is still no single point of view. And some schools of thought continue to incorporate more of Freud’s ideas than do others.
Interestingly such diversity of opinion was something Freud himself seems to have had but little tolerance for. In fact he eventually fell out of touch with Adler and various of the Resume Parser Free Parse Resume Template, others that left his inner circle to form their own groups. And he arranged for there to be only Writing a dissertation limited access, after his passing, to his private papers and unpublished manuscripts -- possibly to better preserve orthodoxy. But of AFRICAN-AMERICAN AMERICAN WOMEN IN WORLD college, course all materials contained in title, the Sigmund Freud Archives were made available to official biographer Ernest Jones. However at Free Template least twice during his lifetime Freud had destroyed a great amount of personal material, including a significant amount of diary material that he had used for self-analysis.
Like many famous thinkers, he preferred the emphasis to be on his work, not on Writing title, his personal experience. His public writings however have been carefully preserved and most significant among these are The Interpretation of Dreams (1900), The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), Totem and revolution Book, Taboo (1913), and Writing title, Civilization and Its Discontents (1929). In his later years Freud focused a great deal on the role of religion in a dissertation title, civilization, a role he viewed rather pessimistically, and he produced two notable works in this vein: The Future of an Illusion and Writing a dissertation, Moses and Monotheism . Ironically, although Freud himself was an atheist, his Jewish ancestry put him in peril as Nazi expansion engulfed Vienna and the rest of Austria during World War II. Felons Have The Right Do An? Knowing that his high profile could only offer scant protection from Nazi persecution, Freud opted to emigrate from Austria to England. He died several years later, after suffering from Writing cancer of the jaw and throat. Although he had battled the Free Parse Template, disease for sixteen years he never gave up the Writing a dissertation title, huge cigars with which he became so identified. Industrial Revolution Book Report? He was 83 years old when he asked his doctor to end his life, and Writing, died of a physician-assisted morphine overdose in London on in peter pan, September 23, 1939.
 Freiberg is now known as P#345;bor, in Writing, the Czech Republic.  Peter Gay, Freud: A Life for our Time (1988), citing a work by Freud's personal physician Max Schur, The Medical Case History of Sigmund Freud, 27 February 1954. Industrial Revolution Book? From a subsequent lecture given in 1964 by Schur, On September 21st [Freud] indicated to his doctor that his suffering no longer made any sense and asked for sedation. Writing A Dissertation Title? Given morphine for his pain, he fell into a peaceful sleep and then lapsed into a coma and VERSUS AMERICAN WOMEN, died at three o'clock in the morning of September 23rd. Father: Jacob Freud (wool merchant, b. circa 1815, d. Writing A Dissertation? 1896) Mother: Amalia (b. 1835, d. 1930) Wife: Martha Bernays (b. 1861, m. 1886, d. 1951)
Daughter: Sophie (b. 1893, d. 1920) Daughter: Anna Freud (child psychologist, b. 1895, d. 1982) High School: Leopoldstadt Gymnasium, Leopoldstadt, Austria (1873) FILMOGRAPHY AS ACTOR. The Interpretation of Dreams ( 1900 , psychology)
The Psychopathology of Everyday Life ( 1901 , psychology) Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality ( 1905 , psychology) Totem and Taboo ( 1913 , psychology) On Narcissism ( 1914 , psychology) Beyond the Pleasure Principle ( 1920 , psychology)
The Ego and the Id ( 1923 , psychology) The Future of an Illusion ( 1927 , psychology) Civilization and Its Discontents ( 1929 , psychology)
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The Law Of Demand Essays and Research Papers. ?The law of demand states that, all other things being equal, the quantity of a good or service is a function of price. In . general, that means less is bought at higher prices, and more is purchased at lower prices. A Dissertation? This definition makes sense -- you only have so much money to AFRICAN-AMERICAN WHITE WOMEN IN WORLD college essay spend, and if the price of something goes up, you can afford less of it. The demand schedule tells you exactly how much of the good or service is Writing a dissertation, bought at any given price.
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? Microeconomics and the Laws of Supply and Demand Daniel Ilario ECO365 August 11, 2014 John Lindvall Identify a product and . describe its characteristics which are valuable to demanders and describe the nature and character of its production and costs that are relevant to suppliers I chose gasoline relative to the supply, demand and a dissertation consumption within the archetypes pan, United States as the product studied. For demanders to understand the a dissertation title, nature of gasoline pricing, they must not focus only on the price of. Economics , Gasoline , Hotel 1238 Words | 6 Pages. Microeconomics and the Laws of Supply and DemandECO/365October 13, 2014Professor CoulibalyComedian P.J. O’Rourke said it best when he said, . “microeconomics concerns things that economists are specifically wrong about, while macroeconomics concerns things economists are wrong about generally. Or to be more technical, microeconomics is Resume Parser Template, about money you don’t have, and macroeconomics is about money the government is a dissertation title, out of” (Beggs, 2014). Sample Appeal Learn Appeal Letters? On a serious note however, macroeconomics and microeconomics. Economic equilibrium , Economics , Elasticity 1235 Words | 2 Pages.
Microeconomics and the Laws of Supply and Demand Simulation. ? Microeconomics and the Laws of Supply and Demand Simulation ECO/365 Spyridon Patton . Based on Webpedia (2014), microeconomics is the interaction and behavior of individual components within an economic system. About the flip side, yet, he claims that macroeconomics examines the market as an aggregate. While microeconomics has a slim viewpoint of the market, macroeconomics examines the market from a wide standpoint. In the University of Phoenix simulation (n. Alfred Marshall , Consumer theory , Elasticity 998 Words | 5 Pages.
Law of Demand and Supply, and Price Ceilings. Fall Next Month Article Publication Date: Monday, 15 December 2008 Source: Khaleej Times Economic Concept(S): Law of Demand . and Supply and Price Ceilings. The article discusses how the costs of various commodities are going to be reduced at the start of the New Year. Writing A Dissertation? This is going to increase the quantity demanded of these commodities, according to convicted felons to vote? do an for me the Law of Demand . . The Law of a dissertation title Demand states that an Sample Appeal Appeal, increase in price level, will lead to a decrease in a dissertation title the quantity demanded, ceteris paribus. At. Basmati , Consumer theory , Cost 727 Words | 3 Pages.
? SAVEETHA UNIVERSITY SAVEETHA SCHOOL OF LAW ASSIGNMENT TOPIC NAME :- B.MUHUKUMARAN COURSE :- . BABL., [Hons] SECTION :- 'B'- Ist Year SUBJECT :- ECONOMICS TOPIC :- LAW OF DEMAND , IT' S . EXCEPTIONS AND ELASTICITY . OF DEMAND SUBMITTED TO :- Prof. S. Resume Parser Parse Template? RAMU TABLE. Alfred Marshall , Consumer theory , Elasticity 1931 Words | 13 Pages. ?The Law of Writing Demand What is Demand ? Quantity demanded of a product or service is the number that would be bought by industrial revolution Book Report, . the Writing a dissertation, public at Resume Parser Free Resume a given price The Law of Demand -When a good’s price is lower, consumers will buy more of it -When a good’s price is higher, consumers will buy less of it The Law of Demand is affected by two behavior patterns -The Substitution Effect -The Income Effect The Substitution Effect As the price for a dissertation, one good rises compared to a similar good, consumers will substitute the similar. Consumer theory , Economics , Economics terminology 419 Words | 6 Pages. Explain demand and the law of demand . Demand is the Resume Parser Resume, willingness and ability of buyer to purchase . different quantities of a good at different prices during a specific period of time. By definition, the law of demand refers to: As the price of a good rises, quantity demanded of that good falls; as the a dissertation, price of a good falls, quantity demanded of that good rises, ceteris paribus. Should Convicted Have Do An Essay? The Law of Demand states that people will buy more of a product at a lower price than at a higher price, if nothing. Austrian School , Economic equilibrium , Economic surplus 397 Words | 2 Pages. Iyman almaliki Homework 2 MBA FEMALE SECTION Question 1 page 93 • Law of Demand ? As price increases, . the quantity of the product demanded decreases, and a dissertation as price decreases, and the quantity demanded increases - an inverse relationship exists between the price and Sample Appeal Letter Learn the quantity demanded. • Law of Supply ? As price increases, the a dissertation, quantity of a good or service a supplier is willing to offer will increase, and as price decreases, the Sample Appeal Letter Learn Letters, quantity supplied will decrease. Cost , Economics terminology , Inverse demand function 344 Words | 2 Pages.
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Basic income , Employment , Labor economics 1416 Words | 5 Pages. Problem 1 Issue1 Is the La Rochelle website, including the slogan, protected by copyright law ? Law Copyright . law protects text, images and other forms of expression. The requirements for protection are as follows: (1) The creation is a ‘work’ or ‘subject matter other than works’; (2) The creation is original; (3)The creation is expressed in a material form. Application The slogan is title, not a ‘work’ or ‘subject matter’ because Single words, names, titles, slogans are too short to Writing title be protected. Copyright , Expression , Fair dealing 591 Words | 3 Pages.
Florence Low Poh Geok Program / Intake: BCom27 Module: Commercial Law Lecturer: Daniel Theyagu Student ID: 32736209 Program Manager: Hazel . Ong / Ang Kang Ling Total Words Count: 1998 Question 1A The legal point in question is whether Leila advertisement constitutes a binding contract and that she go can back on her promise of Report paying the reward $50 to Julie for returning the gold chain and a dissertation title locket to her. Relevant principle of VERSUS WHITE AMERICAN college law relating to this issue is that an advertisement made to a dissertation the world. Breach of contract , Contract , Contract law 2179 Words | 13 Pages. DEMAND AND SUPPLY In the market economy, the interaction of the buyers and sellers determines how the market will work. Buyers . demand and producers sell for a particular quantity of goods and services at Free Parse a certain level of prices. To Adam Smith, widely cited as the father of Modern Economics and Writing title Capitalism, in a free market, consumers are free to choose varieties of commodities, while producers have freedom of choice the commodities for archetypes pan, sale and its production. Market settles on the price that.
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The law itself is embedded in ambiguity, and is usually associated as being one. Adam Smith , Classical economics , Economics 1142 Words | 4 Pages. Determinants of demand Based on theories of ceteris paribus, economist make the research how determine the change in price and quantity . demanded. So, we need to explain the factors influence demand either increase or decrease. The price is not only Writing factor that determines how much of a goods will be buying. Demand is also affected by the following: a. Price of related goods The demand for a product is Sample Appeal Letters, also affected by a change in the price of related goods. A Dissertation? Related goods fall. Ceteris paribus , Consumer theory , Economics terminology 526 Words | 3 Pages. The law of supply and demand describes how prices will vary based on the balance between the supply of a product and the . demand for that product (Wikipedia, 2005). If there is WHITE AMERICAN IN WORLD college help, a balance between the supply, (the availability of the product), and the demand , (how much product the consumers want), then the title, price for AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WHITE IN WORLD essay help, the product would be considered good.
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? 3. Demand and Price Elasticity It is important to title understand how price changes affect the demand of fast food especially for . firm like McDonald that operates in a Monopolistic Market. When McDonalds offers its discounted Value Meal during lunch and Writing a dissertation dinner hours, the demand for McDonald’s products will increase. According to the law of demand , other things equal, the quantity demanded of a goods increases when the Resume Parser Free Resume Template, price of the title, good falls. Report? (N.Geogory Mankiw et al.,2013). A change in price will. Cross elasticity of a dissertation title demand , Economic equilibrium , Elasticity 953 Words | 3 Pages. chapter four Elasticity of Resume Parse Resume Template Demand and Supply CHAPTER OVERVIEW This is the a dissertation, second chapter in archetypes in peter Part Two, “Price, Quantity, and . Efficiency.” Both the elasticity coefficient and Writing title the total revenue test for WOMEN AMERICAN IN WORLD essay, measuring price elasticity of demand are presented in a dissertation title the chapter. The text attempts to sharpen students’ ability to estimate price elasticity by discussing its major determinants. The chapter reviews a number of applications and presents empirical estimates for a variety of products. Income. Arc elasticity , Consumer theory , Elasticity 2167 Words | 7 Pages. ?1.
Conceptions 1.1. Demand The demand in economics is the amount of a product that consumers are willing and able to in peter . purchase at each specific price in title a set of possible prices during some specified period of time (Jackson et al., 2004). In addition, it is a relationship between two economic variables which are the industrial Book, price of a particular good and title the quantity of the good that consumers are willing to buy at that price (Taylor and Frost, 2002). Demand also can be described by a table or a. Consumer theory , Demand curve , Economic equilibrium 1437 Words | 8 Pages. ?Monica Perez Period 3 MT2 Make Up Law of supply and in peter demand : Sony, Nintendo, and Microsoft Many big industries now focus on the . production of the best product/services for the people and other companies. Industries such as Sony, Microsoft, and Writing title Nintendo have developed new consoles ranging from prices of Parse $499.99 to $199.99.
But how does the law of supply and demand affect their pricing? Also are these products elastic and how many substitutes are available? The Sony, Microsoft, and Nintendo industries. Economic equilibrium , Elasticity , Microeconomics 807 Words | 3 Pages. Supply and Demand : Vacation to a theme park The supply and demand of goods and services vary due to various factors. Writing Title? This paper . will discuss the supply and demand of vacation to a theme park and the various factors which affect them. First, there are many reasons why people wish to go on pan, a vacation to a theme park.
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Moreover, economic models are used for making the report clearer and more understandable. Section A. Description of the good (non-price determinants of demand and supply) 1. Determining the type of good is important in order to know the demand for good is elastic or inelastic. Resume Parser Free Parse Resume? There are three types of goods in market: inferior, normal. Alfred Marshall , Consumer theory , Elasticity 1649 Words | 7 Pages. Q: Determining the a dissertation title, demand for a product is often the responsibility of the pan, strategic marketer. (a) Define and describe the . “ demand curve”. (b) Assess what information may be helpful to the strategic marketer in order to determine demand . (c) Discuss the factors that may create a fluctuation in demand . The demand curve is the graph depicting the Writing title, relationship between the price of a certain commodity and the amount of it that consumers are willing and able to purchase at Resume Parser Parse Resume Template that given price. Consumer theory , Demand curve , Economics curves 1565 Words | 5 Pages. or completely empty. What would change if seats were sold at the lowest prices?
Highest prices? Variable prices? When tickets are placed at the lowest . prices, the law of Writing a dissertation title demand states there would be an increase in ticket sales to the game. Writing A Dissertation Title? The revenue would therefore be higher. If the prices were placed at the highest prices, the demand would be elastic and Writing title very few people would be willing to pay for the tickets. They may not be as willing to pay for them because of AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WHITE WOMEN IN WORLD their budget limitations and their. Cost , Economics , Elasticity 1063 Words | 3 Pages.
Price Elasticity and Supply Demand. Appendix B Price Elasticity and Supply amp; Demand Xeco – 212 02/07/2012 Peter D. Brothers Fill in the matrix below and describe . how changes in price or quantity of the goods and services affect either supply or demand and the equilibrium price. Use the graphs from your book and the Tomlinson video tutorials as a tool to help you answer questions about the a dissertation, changes in price and quantity Event | Market affected by event | Shift in supply, demand , or both. Explain your answer. Resume Free Template? | Change in. Alfred Marshall , Arc elasticity , Consumer theory 630 Words | 3 Pages. QUESTION 1 a) Seasonal demand can be consumer interest in purchasing particular products only during a specific period within the calendar . year. For example, Christmas trees, most fruits, school books and a dissertation title uniforms, TVs, cards and tourism sector among others are subject to seasonal demand . There are certain problems that are associated with this kind of pan seasonal demand they include; Over stocking is one of the problems of this kind of demand . Seasonal demand poses problems for Writing title, businesses because. Diminishing returns , Economics , Employment 1479 Words | 4 Pages. ?MBA 502 – Elasticity Demand Price: Clearly one of the most important decisions for the firm How will consumers react to a price change? . Archetypes? Buy less as price increases, but how much less? How does a price change affect revenues? Consumer adjustment to a change in Writing a dissertation title price: Law of demand – price and quantity are inversely related…what happens when price changes?
Substitution effect: Buy more (less) of a good when price falls (rises) relative to price of other good Income effect: Can buy more. Arc elasticity , Consumer theory , Elasticity 568 Words | 3 Pages. ?TASK 1 Explain the archetypes in peter pan, reference to legal principle and relevant case law , the legal aspect of placing the ‘Klick’ clock in Writing a dissertation the shop window with . a price tag attached. Ann antiques has a rare ‘Klick’ clock on its shop with price tags of ˆ1,000 attached. In spite of its wording the sign in the window does not constitute a legal offer, it is merely an invitation to treat. Invitation to treat is an indication that the person who invite is willing to enter into a negotiation but it is WOMEN VERSUS AMERICAN help, not yet prepared. Complaint , Contract , Contract law 778 Words | 3 Pages. THE CLASSICAL ECONOMIST VIEW OF SUPPLY CREATES ITS OWN DEMAND IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY. The classical economists . Writing? accepted Say's Law of Markets, the doctrine of the in peter, French economist Jean Baptiste Say.
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? Demand Elasticity Matthew Costa Centenary College Demand elasticity is Writing, a tool used by felons to vote? do an essay, economists and firms to . determine price points of title products used by Should convicted do an essay, the consumer. A Dissertation Title? The law of demand states that increasing the price of a good reduces the goods quantity demanded. Resume Resume? The relationship is important and somewhat obvious. Similarly, demand reacts to a dissertation changes in incomes, the price of related goods, and advertising efforts. Demand elasticity measures the responsiveness of one economic variable. Consumer theory , Elasticity , Goods 1925 Words | 8 Pages. International law • Conclusion • List of works cited ? Introduction ? Law is a concept . of governance that involves the stipulation and a dissertation title establishment of Writing a dissertation rules and regulations that are enforced to AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WHITE AMERICAN help shape politics, economics, and society. It is Writing title, put in AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN AMERICAN IN WORLD help place by various governmental institutions to a dissertation title govern a community.
Law moderates our day–to-day lives with regards to human relationships. It has various concepts to it; company law , property law , trust law , criminal. Common law , International law , International relations 1290 Words | 5 Pages. Demand and supply is an economic system and fundamental concepts for Resume Template, economics who as determined the price of Writing a dissertation title market. Parser Free? It was conclusion, the . unit price level of a good essentially was determined by the point who demands and supply was intercept in a same level and same point. The price system only working in a market economy if they’re having a free choice with the market. Demand is represent how many about the quantity of a goods is what the customers wanted. Its refer to Writing about the ability. Demand curve , Economic equilibrium , Economics terminology 1591 Words | 6 Pages. Demand and Supply Analysis 1. Demand indicates how much of a good consumers are willing and able to buy at each possible price . during a given time period, other things constant. 2. The process to a dissertation satisfy human wants/ needs/desires. Writing Title? * Want: having a strong desire for something * Need: lack of means of subsistence * Desire: an aspiration to acquire something 3. Demand : effective desire 4. Demand is that desire which backed by willingness and ability to revolution Book Report buy a particular commodity.
Consumer theory , Demand curve , Economics terminology 1391 Words | 7 Pages. IGNORANCE OF THE LAW EXCUSES NO ONE FROM COMPLIANCE THEREWITH A familiar maxim is found in the Latin word ‘Ignorancia legis non excusat’, . meaning Ignorance of the law excuses no one. In the civil code of the Philippines republic act no. 368 this maxim is in article 3.When we say ‘Ignorance of the law ’, we refer not only to the literal word of the law itself but also to the meaning or interpretation given to said law by our court of justice. This maxim also applies to all kind of domestic laws , whether. Civil and political rights , Common law , Human rights 914 Words | 3 Pages. SUPPLY AND DEMAND Monica Minj SUID: 1834386 Seattle University Supply and Demand Supply and Demand is the . Writing Title? most fundamental concept in economics and it plays a vital role in determination of price of goods in the market. Supply is the pan, ability of a market to offer a product at a particular price and demand is the quantity of Writing a dissertation a product or service demanded by the people at a given price. Title? The correlation between the price and quantity supplied is known as the supply relationship whereas the Writing title, relationship. Economic equilibrium , Economics , Economics terminology 1599 Words | 5 Pages.
Meanings and Definition of Demand : The word ' demand ' is so common and familiar with every one of us that it seems superfluous . to define it. The need for precise definition arises simply because it is sometimes confused with other words such as desire, wish, want, etc. Demand in economics means a desire to possess a good supported by willingness and ability to pay for it. If your have a desire to buy a certain commodity, say a car, but you do not have the adequate means to pay for it, it will. Consumer theory , Demand curve , Economics 2046 Words | 8 Pages. Supply and Demand and Demand Curve. (3) there is discrimination against them in other areas of the city. Rents paid are a very high percent of peoples’ incomes. (a) Would the have the right essay for me, . demand for apartments in this area be relatively inelastic or relatively elastic? State why. Writing Title? (b) Would the supply of pan apartments in this area be relatively inelastic or relatively elastic? State why. 1 (c) Draw the demand and supply curves as you have described them, showing the initial equilibrium price and quantity.
Label carefully. (d) Now assume the government. Demand curve , Economic equilibrium , Economic surplus 1826 Words | 5 Pages. Common Law and National Consumer Law. common law become so rigid and inflexible? Answer: By the reign of henry II, the practice of sending the royal justice throughout the country . “on circuit” began to result in fairly uniform body of law developing around the country- the common law . The judges were assisted in finding an agreement among them by keeping records known as plea rolls. They set out not only the facts of each case and judgement, but often the reasoning behind the judgement, in much the title, same way as the Should felons to vote? do an essay for me, modern law reports. Civil law , Common law , Law 1553 Words | 5 Pages. ?BRANCHES OF LAW Among branches of law , two major fields can be distinguished: private law and public . Writing Title? law . The difference between these two branches lies mainly in the parties of the legal relationship in question.
Private law signifies rules that regulate the relationships between private individuals (subjects of law who are, legally speaking, in Free an equal situation; for example, the Writing, legal relationship between a buyer and a seller, where both parties have certain rights and obligations). A Dissertation Title? Private law covers. Administrative law , Civil law , Commercial law 1190 Words | 3 Pages.
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Kelemahan-kelemahan yang ditemukan selama pemantauan terus menerus ataupun melalui evaluasi khusus harus dikomunikasikan kepada individu yang bertanggung jawab atas fungsi yang mengandung kelemahan tersebut dan kepada pimpinan paling tidak satu tingkat di atas individu tersebut. A Dissertation Title! Persoalan-persoalan yang serius harus dilaporkan kepada pimpinan puncak instansi. A Dissertation! Pemantauan atas pengendalian intern harus mencakup kebijakan-kebijakan dan prosedur-prosedur untuk memastikan bahwa temuan-temuan audit dan evaluasi lainnya segera diselesaikan. Industrial Book! Manajemen instansi harus: 1) Segera menelaah temuan-temuan dari audit dan evaluasi lainnya, termasuk temuan-temuan yang menunjukkan kelemahan-kelemahan dan rekomendasi-rekomendasi yang dilaporkan auditor dan pihak lain yang mengevaluasi kegiatan instansi; 2) Menentukan langkah tindakan yang tepat menanggapi temuan-temuan dari audit dan evaluasi; dan. A Dissertation Title! 3) Menyelesaikan semua langkah tindakan untuk memperbaiki atau menyelesaikan persoalan yang dilaporkan kepada manajemen dalam jangka waktu yang telah ditetapkan. Archetypes! Proses penyelesaian dimulai ketika hasil-hasil audit atau evaluasi dilaporkan kepada manajemen dan selesai hanya setelah tindakan perbaikan telah diambil untuk: Memperbaiki kelemahan-kelemahan yang ditemukan, Menghasilkan perbaikan-perbaikan, atau Menunjukkan bahwa temuan-temuan atau rekomendasi-rekomendasi tersebut tidak perlu mendapat tindak lanjut dari manajemen. Writing A Dissertation Title! Pemantauan terus menerus, dibangun dalam kegiatan normal instansi, yang meliputi aktivitas pembinaan, manajemen, dan tindakan lain yang dilakukan pegawai dalam menjalankan tugasnya. Resume Parse! Evaluasi khusus, yang cakupan dan frekuensinya bergantung pada penilaian risiko dan efektivitas dari pemantauan terus menerus. A Dissertation! Keterbatasan Pengendalian Intern.
Seperti yang telah dikemukakan sebelumnya, pengendalian intern hanya dapat memberikan keyakinan yang memadai kepada manajemen instansi pemerintahan berkenaan dengan pencapaian tujuan-tujuan organisasi. Sample Appeal Letters! Alasan-alasan mengapa hanya dapat memberikan keyakinan memadai karena pengendalian intern memiliki kelemahan melekat pada sistem informasi dan pengendalian intern entitas karena hal-hal berikut: 1) Biaya versus manfaat. A Dissertation Title! Biaya untuk menyelenggarakan sistem informasi dan pengendalian intern entitas tidak boleh melebihi manfaat-manfaat yang diharapkan dari sistem tersebut. Have For Me! Karena pengukuran yang akurat atas biaya dan manfaat tidak selalu memungkinkan, manajemen harus membuat estimasi-estimasi dan pertimbangan-pertimbangan kuantitatif dan kualitatif dalam mengevaluasi hubungan antara manfaat dan biaya. Writing Title! 2) Pengabaian oleh manajemen. Revolution Book Report! Manajemen dapat mengabaikan kebijakan-kebijakan atau prosedur-prosedur untuk tujuan-tujuan yang tidak sah, seperti untuk keuntungan pribadi atau memperindah penyajian kinerja organisasi. Title! Praktik-praktik pengabaian ini mencakup memberikan penyajian yang salah dengan sengaja kepada auditor dan pihak lain dengan menerbitkan dokumen-dokumen palsu untuk mendukung pencatatan transaksi-transaksi fiktif.
3) Kesalahan-kesalahan dalam melakukan pertimbangan. Parser Free Parse Resume Template! Kadang-kadang, manajemen dan pegawai melakukan pertimbangan yang buruk dalam mengambil keputusan-keputusan atau dalam melakukan tugas rutin karena keterbatasan informasi, waktu atau tekanan-tekanan lain. Writing A Dissertation Title! 4) Kolusi. Writing! Para pegawai yang secara bersama-sama (seperti pegawai yang melakukan pengendalian yang penting bersama-sama dengan pegawai atau rekanan lain) dapat menembus dan menutupi ketidakberesan sehingga tidak dapat dideteksi dengan sistem informasi dan pengendalian intern. 5) Kegagalan sistem. Writing! Kegagalan dalam pengendalian-pengendalian yang telah ditetapkan dapat terjadi karena pegawai tidak memahami instruksi atau membuat kesalahan karena kecerobohan, kealpaan atau kelelahan. Sample Letter Learn Appeal! Perubahan pegawai atau sistem atau prosedur dapat pula menyebabkan kegagalan sistem. Writing! Aktivitas-aktivitas Pengendalian pada Sektor Publik. AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN AMERICAN WOMEN College! Pelaksanaan anggaran tidak bisa dilepaskan dari aktivitas pengendalian.
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Tiap-tiap pusat pertanggungjawaban dalam melaksanakan program atau aktivitas tertentu harus mendukung program pusat pertanggungjawaban pada level yang lebih tinggi, sehingga tujuan umum perusahaan dapat tercapai. Writing! Laporan kinerja dievaluasi oleh semua level manajemen dengan membandingkan antara hasil yang telah dicapai dengan anggaran. Free Template! Proses pengendalian manajemen pada sektor publik dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan saluran formal dan informal. Komunikasi informal dapat dilakukan melalui memorandum, pertemuan, diskusi/percakapan, atau bahkan sinyal, seperti ekspresi wajah. Writing A Dissertation! Selain saluran komunikasi informal, organisasi juga mempunyai saluran komunikasi formal yang terdiri dari aktivitas formal dalam organisasi yang meliputi fase-fase yang saling berkaitan: Suatu perencanaan akan memuat beberapa varian yang dapat digunakan sebagai kontrol atas manajemen organisasi. Industrial Revolution Book Report! 2) Penganggaran ( budget formulation ) Selain berfungsi sebagai penghubung antara perencanaan dan operasionalisasi, anggaran juga digunakan sebagai dasar dalam mengevaluasi kinerja dari segi keuangan, dengan membandingkan anggaran dengan realisasinya. A Dissertation Title! 3) Operasionalisasi dan Pengukuran ( operating and AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN VERSUS WHITE AMERICAN WOMEN essay measurement ) Pengukuran kinerja organisasi diperlukan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana kemajuan suatu kegiatan operasional, sekaligus sebagai sarana pengendalian.
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fractal art essay A contribution to The Annotated Grateful Dead Lyrics. Used with permission. The author reserves all rights. Robert Hunter's response: Fractures of Unfamiliarity and Circumvention in Pursuit of a Nice Time. Copyright notice Robert Hunter has been the primary lyricist for Writing a dissertation title the Grateful Dead ever since he mailed St.
Stephen, China Cat Sunflower, and Alligator to the band from New Mexico in 1967. Born in 1941, Hunter grew up in California and studied drama for a year at archetypes, the University of Connecticut, before he spent half a year with the National Guard and later signed up for the same psychedelic research that led Ken Kesey to write One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest. His songwriting collaboration with Jerry Garcia and, occasionally, other members of the Grateful Dead yielded such classic Dead tunes as Truckin', Touch of Grey, and Dark Star. Hunter's lyrics emblazon thousands of tie-dyed t-shirts and skeleton-adorned bumper stickers. Other work of Hunter's includes lyrics for Zero and a dissertation title Bob Dylan as well as a translation of Rainer Maria Rilke's Duino Elegies and volumes of poetry, most recently Sentinel . When analyzing song lyrics, certain basic differences from poetry have to be understood and observed. When comparing popular song lyrics to contemporary or classic poetry, it is difficult not to miss a striking difference in quality--song lyrics generally tend to be outspoken and felons the right do an essay for me trite where poetry clouds itself in ambiguity and complex imagery. Bill Flanagan argues that: Rock roll musicians are strange artists. Their code of Writing a dissertation, manners dictates that they not appear to take themselves very seriously, while the best of their work contains all the passion, imagination, and craft of legitimate art.
The intelligent rock musician is put in the position of working as hard as a poet or painter, while being expected to accept his gifts with the self- deprecating shrug of the idiot savant. (Flanagan, ix) However, the majority of rock lyricists aims at an audience which is industrial Book supposed to recognize a song instantly during the Writing title few weeks it is played heavy-rotation on Should felons have the right, FM radio and then forget it as soon as possible. Rock lyrics tend to make a point quickly and to make sure that it is understood. Therefore, they reach for clichd imagery and Writing title blatant statements of emotions that traditional poetry would have tended to skillfully embed in high-flung imagery, a tendency which can lead to examples as inane as the Appeal ones parodied in title, Donald Barthelme's How I Write My Songs. One of the reasons, however, why such a direct comparison of lyrics and poetry is not fair is not only to be found in the consumer culture pressures that surround the pop music industry, but in Writing, the fact that popular music lyrics are not meant to be read at all. Obviously, the text has to be read within the framework of the music it was written for. This holds especially true for Robert Hunter's lyrics, because the unique nature of the music of the Grateful Dead adds layers of meaning to the text and vice versa. A Dissertation! A further point I decided to title, take into consideration is that the Grateful Dead are not successful as a recording band that scores top ten hits (with the notable exception of the 1987 Touch of Grey); their studio albums are usually do not fulfill expectations. Writing A Dissertation! The strength of the band is unquestionably the live concert--the Grateful Dead have been the Resume Free Parse Resume Template number one grossing touring band over the last couple of years, outdoing the title likes of VERSUS AMERICAN WOMEN IN WORLD college, Madonna and Paul McCartney, without releasing a new studio album since Built to Last in 1989.
This means that the usual way Hunter lyrics are being perceived is at a concert. Therefore, everything that happens at a Grateful Dead concert should be taken into account when reading the a dissertation lyrics. In this paper, I will try to show how the Grateful Dead concert experience and the lyrics of Robert Hunter's songs interweave and complement each other, mutually adding significance and AFRICAN-AMERICAN VERSUS WHITE WOMEN essay help meaning to one another. One model on how to understand the mutually reinforcing structure of a rock concert can be abstracted from Erika Fischer-Lichte's The Semiotics of Theater . Writing A Dissertation Title! Of course, according to Fischer-Lichte's definition, a concert does not constitute theater; however, her theories can give valuable ideas for a way of looking at the experience of a concert. According to Fischer-Lichte, every sign that is given during the performance can be assigned to a group or system, and the sum of all used and received signs that either correspond or oppose each other in meaning allow an overall interpretation or understanding of the performance.
The fourteen sign systems Fischer-Lichte enumerates are: sound, music, linguistic signs, paralinguistic signs, mimics, gestures, proxemic signs, mask, hair, costume, stage conception, stage decoration, props, and lighting. These all make sense in Sample Appeal Letter Appeal, a rock concert environment, especially in more theatrical performances as they became common with stadium bands during the a dissertation 1970s. An additional system of significance would be the song selection and order, which might be considered a subgroup of the music or linguistic groups. Audience participation should be included, as well. Unless a lot of spoken text is Letter Learn Appeal Letters involved, the Writing title paralinguistics can not be considered significant, since the loudness, pitch, etc. of a song are inherent in a dissertation, the music and therefore do not justify a group of their own. Props are rare in title, rock concerts, as well, although some performers have been known to turn their instruments into significant objects, such as Liberace or Prince. The uniqueness of a Grateful Dead concert lies in the emphasis on certain sign systems over others. While obviously almost every rock concert relies heavily and primarily on the music and the linguistical signs (which are, after all, our objects of industrial Book Report, interest), the Dead emphasize them more than usual by cutting down on the others--the stage decoration is colorful yet unobtrusive, there is no dancing or hardly any movement by the band members other than what is necessary to play the instruments, the clothing of the band is Writing a dissertation title purely functional and they stopped conversing with the audience years ago. The lighting, designed by Sample Appeal Letter, Candance Brightman since 1972, is not self-conscious but supports the music: Brightman's lighting is extraordinarily sensitive to subtleties in the band's interactions, shunning bombastic effects for a vivid focusing of title, attention that is as much a part of the jam as the music itself (Shenk 28). Furthermore, it includes the audience by [breaking] down the barriers between the Dead and its fans by lighting the band so they can still see the audience, or by lighting the audience itself (Shenk 29).
An important point to note is that none of the sign systems function to enhance the a dissertation title star status of the band-- everything is focused on the music and the relation to the audience. The absence of proxemic signs, mask, hair, props, and costumes is significant in that it enhances the emphasis on the music and Writing title the lyrics while taking away from the special status of the Free Parse Resume band members. The order of Writing a dissertation title, songs, though, is of exceptional importance during a Grateful Dead show. Traditionally, since about 1977, the show is split into a first and a second set, where the first set is characterized by more conventional songs that are played without too much improvised jamming; the length of the Should felons have to vote? do an essay for me songs stays within reasonable limits as well. The second set, in contrast, features many improvised jams that stretch the songs easily out to Writing title, fifteen, twenty minutes. At some point in the second set, Mickey Hart and Bill Kreutzman (percussion drums) will take over and play an extend drum solo while everyone else leaves the stage.
Before they are finished, the other band members return, and Hart and Kreutzman leave the stage. What follows is an industrial Book Report extended, beatless jam of exploratory sounds known as Space. Bob Bralove, in the liner notes to Infrared Roses , describes it like this: Somewhere in the middle of the second set of Writing a dissertation title, every Grateful Dead show the band turns a corner. They enter a musical environment without walls or structure. The song form is abandoned, and the very elements of music may be called into title question. The only mandate is to Writing, explore new territory. It is an environment where rhythm, tone, color, melody, and harmony can be explored without rules or predetermination, a musical adventure where composition and performance are one. After Space, the band will play three or four more songs, commonly ending with a high- energy song like Good Lovin' or Sugar Magnolia, and come back for a one-song encore. This pattern forms a relatively firm structure in which highly unstable elements are put--the music is always improvised, and not one song has been played twice the same way, and Parser Free Parse Template the actual list of songs played always varies, to the point where not even the band members know what they will play before they go on stage.
This is of high importance because the a dissertation title underlying structural principle will become evident in Hunter's lyrics, as well. Revolution Book Report! Since certain songs are usually played in the first set and others in the second set, it seems reasonable to group them according to this differentiation and begin by taking a closer look at the first set songs. Jack Straw is a dissertation title a classic first set song--out of the 424 times it had been played between 1971 and 1992, DeadBase lists only 41 second-set appearances. The song appears to be a narrative of a criminal character who drifts through the American wilderness, jumping trains and digging graves while eagles circle high above. It seems to be rooted deeply in an American tradition of fireside songs.
The same holds true for Dire Wolf, a bitter story of AMERICAN help, death and gambling, precisely set in Writing, time and space: In the Free Parse Template timbers of Fennario. the wolves are running 'round. The winter was so hard and cold. froze ten feet 'neath the ground (1-4) The narrative features virtually no metaphors or similes; everything seems to happen at face value--a complicated search for meaning or interpretation is unnecessary. Again, the song is a dissertation title closer to traditional American music than love songs heard on Appeal Learn Appeal, the radio.
It is a dissertation direct yet not necessarily blatant or trite since the subject matter is uncommon for contemporary American rock lyrics. The Grateful Dead classic Truckin' features some opaque references, yet the industrial revolution Report song is obviously trying to capture the vicissitudes of a life on the road as the Writing a dissertation band members have experienced it. Some lines, like Busted--down on Bourbon Street (37) refer to commonly known incidents (in this case the band's drug bust in New Orleans); others like What in the world ever became of Should convicted felons to vote? do an for me, sweet Jane? (25) are probably in-jokes that aren't meant for title a broad audience to grasp. Even more clearly an Parser Resume Template American song in the best tradition of folk singers like Woody Guthrie or Phil Ochs is Cumberland Blues, a song depicting the plight of a mine worker. Hunter's eye in describing his topic was so sharp that he heard of an actual Cumberland miner wondering what the a dissertation guy who wrote this song would've thought if he'd ever known something like the Book Grateful Dead was gonna do it. He considers this the best compliment he ever received for a lyric (Hunter 52), obviously because it certifies an authenticity he aimed for. It seems that first set songs commonly share a genuine American topic (the open road, the title wilderness, unions, etc.) and often sketch a narrative world including characters and situations. Instead of propagating emotions, as rock lyrics often seem to, they focus on fictional events that often involve gamblers, cowboys, drunkards, and outlaws.
The imagery and lyrical makeup of the songs tends to archetypes pan, be simple so as to Writing title, give a definitive, discernable meaning. An investigation of second set songs quickly shows that they are of a different character. China Cat Sunflower, a typical second-set song since the early eighties, may serve as a prime example: the lyrics refuse any narrative or symbolic reading, the Letter Learn Appeal words simply are. Hunter acknowledges the non-rational nature of the title song with his tongue-in-cheek remark: Nobody ever asked me the meaning of this song. People seem to know exactly what I'm talking about. It's good that a few things in industrial Report, this world are clear to all of Writing title, us (Hunter 35). Nonsensical as they may be, the lyrics bear a close resemblance to the dreamy, colorful playfulness of Lennon/McCartney's Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds-- Picture yourself in a boat on a river, With tangerine trees and marmalade skies.
Somebody calls you, you answer quite slowly, A girl with kaleidoscope eyes. Cellophane flowers of yellow and felons have for me green, Towering over your head. Look for the girl with the sun in her eyes, Lucy in the sky with diamonds (1-9) In the Writing a dissertation surrealistic, candy-colored playfulness of VERSUS AMERICAN WOMEN IN WORLD essay help, both songs, the a dissertation words are not meant to mean anything; the in peter usual tools of interpretation have to fail here. As Hunter says, I like a diamond here, a ruby there, a rose, certain kinds of a dissertation, buildings, vehicles, gems.
These things are all real, and the word evokes the pan thing. That's what we're working with, evocation. (Gans 26). His concern is not merely narrative or mood anymore, but evocation and association, something much closer to Writing a dissertation, poetry than to the common clichs of pop lyrics. Crazy Fingers is another example for this approach to songwriting--it is content with letting its verses set a mood without making any sense. Writing A Dissertation! Hunter calls it a collection of haiku- style verses, mostly seventeen syllables, some more successful than others, with no connecting link other than similarity of mood (Hunter 45). Some of the imagery is indeed not very original; the Deep Sea of Love (7) can surely be encountered elsewhere. A Dissertation Title! Nonetheless, certain paradoxical images (like Recall the WOMEN VERSUS WOMEN IN WORLD essay help days that still are to come (3)) and Writing a dissertation title the overall disjunctive structure of the text make for a strange, unlikely song that refuses to be understood on any intellectual level.
It can only be described in AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN VERSUS AMERICAN WOMEN IN WORLD college essay, its emotional impact, the longing and bittersweet reminiscing it evokes in a unique way. Similar points can be made for Eyes of the World-- it is interesting to note that the lyrics seem to make sense, yet on any objective level, they do not. Traditional analysis of the text may or may not yield satisfactory results by assigning connotations and significance to, say, the redeemer(22) , the mile-long wings (7) or the eyes of the world themselves; fact is Writing title that the inherent instability of the lyrics, fueled again by interior contradictions like . the seeds that were silent / all burst into bloom and decay, (26-27) will not allow for a final, reductive interpretation. It is clear that Hunter does not aim to communicate meaning at all; he says, I'd really prefer not to get into tearing apart the symbology of my songs [ . . Report! . A Dissertation Title! ] and I'll tell you why: symbols are evocative, and if there were a more definite way to say things, you'd say them that way. A Dissertation! A symbol, by it's very nature, can pull in many, many shades of meaning, depending on the emotional tone with which you engage the piece (Gans 23). The lyrics of songs commonly played as encore or to close the second set are often more direct (as Sugar Magnolia) or soothing lullabies (Brokedown Palace). The course of a Grateful Dead concert, then, can be said to describe an arc that ranges from traditional, narrative lyrics that concur with conventional playing to outrageous flights of Writing a dissertation title, fancy in Writing title, the second set, correspondingly in the musical jams as well as in the ambiguity-laden, irrational, highly evocative lyrics. The strangeness climaxes during the purely instrumental Space, during which the band is at its most exploratory. The last songs and the encore return the audience to a festive or pensive mood. A Dissertation Title! However, the AFRICAN-AMERICAN WHITE IN WORLD college help function of the lyrics during a Grateful Dead concert is more than to simply underline the music--the linguistic signs are not present to emphasize what is happening in the music. Instead, there seems to a dissertation, be a strange interplay between familiarity and newness, and Writing it is at this edge of the well-known and the innovative that the Grateful Dead draw energy.
Audience response is a dissertation title a valuable key to Resume Free, this aspect of the a dissertation title music and Learn Appeal the lyrics. Experience and my subjective impression suggests that the audience at a Grateful Dead show is title usually more responsive and alert than audiences at other rock concerts, but since there is no data to industrial revolution Book Report, prove or argue this point, it can not be made in a meaningful way. What is observable and obvious, though, are the immense cheers and shouts that erupt at certain points in a dissertation, the concert, namely when the band returns from Should felons the right to vote? do an essay, a long stretch of Writing a dissertation, interpretation to the melody (and therefore, mostly, the lyrics), and at industrial Report, certain catchphrases within the lyrics that have gathered almost mystical meaning over the years. Both phenomena need to Writing, be looked at more closely. In the improvisational style of the Grateful Dead (jazz syntax with a rock lexicon, as David Gans calls it (ix)), melody as one of the markers signifying a song is subject to Should have to vote?, sudden change-- at its best, the band composes on the stage, making up new elements on the go; the process of creating becomes visible to the audience. Writing A Dissertation! Part of the philosophy that allows this approach is Sample Appeal Letters that mistakes are possible, probable, and excusable-- on a bad night, they bore you to tears, but a good night makes it all worth it. A Dissertation! (Gans iix) The initial melody of the song, however, is not variable, and it is always safe to predict the band's return to it after a period of jamming that is so utterly unpredictable in Appeal Learn Letters, direction, style, and length that not even the band itself can foresee what will happen: I can't predict what the band is going to do at any given moment (Jerry Garcia quoted in Gans 59). Since the Writing a dissertation lyrics will be sung only once the proper, initial melody has returned, the counter argument is mostly true, also--when the melody returns, so will the lyrics. The audience cheers at these points because the return of the AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN VERSUS AMERICAN IN WORLD college help melody and therefore the lyrics means a return to Writing, the familiar, to the predictable and understandable after long forays into the unknown.
While this holds true for virtually any return to the preestablished, well-worn structural elements of the song, certain catchphrases within Hunter's lyrics seem to industrial revolution Book, yield an Writing a dissertation especially enthusiastic response by the audience. A good example for this is If you get confused, listen to the music play (20) from Franklin's Tower, a line that taken by itself offers guidance to Writing a dissertation title, a perplexed listener. Yet it is embedded within a song that is as obscure as a lot of second set- lyrics; Franklin's Tower is evocative yet of undeterminable meaning. The above-mentioned catchphrase-line is almost hidden within the song and has to be read out of context to prompt the joyful response it usually gets. More obvious examples of the embedded catchphrase are to be found in Writing, first-set songs like Loose Lucy, a rare Hunter love song, where the audience chooses to take the chorus out of context by applying it to the band itself: Singing: Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah / singing: Thank you / for a real good time (7-9). Here, the function seems to be that of a mutual pat on the back; the Resume Parser Parse cheers represent the subculture of Deadheads and the Grateful Dead acknowledging each other's faithfulness--it is here that it becomes manifest that the Dead made a mystical pact with their fans, vowing to carry the Writing psychedelic torch as long as they can play their music (Lee 290). Whether Hunter had such an archetypes opportunity for unique bonding in mind when he wrote the Writing a dissertation lines remains undetermined, yet the authors of Skeleton Key could not but remark on Hunter's knack for coining aphorisms that yield hard-won truths after hundreds of hearings (150). The most famous example is certainly the oft-quoted Lately it occurs to me / what a long, strange trip it's been (23-24) from Truckin', a line that paradoxically admits to the uniqueness of the Writing experience by being its most clichd example. It seems that a lot of these phrases took on the meaning for the Deadhead community that they did because they were obvious and understandable. Writing! On a paradigmatic level, it should be surprising that a band that is so directly associated with a certain lifestyle and a set of beliefs as the industrial Report Grateful Dead hardly convey any messages at all in their lyrics.
It can be safely assumed that one would generally expect a hippie band with all the title unavoidable stereotypes, to be much more blatant about their convictions. Yet, as the above analysis already shows, Hunter usually confines himself to a narratives of traditional American adventures in revolution Report, the broadest sense and more abstract, lyrical, and image-laden texts that only yield meaning by Writing a dissertation, association and evocation. However, there are lines hidden within his lyrics that have taken on very charged connotations exactly because they seem to be more outspoken and direct, and a philosophy can be attributed to them. All these lines have turned into catchphrases as well, cheered at concerts and printed on industrial Book, countless t-shirts and a dissertation bumper stickers. Scarlet Begonias, a song commonly played to open the second set yet at least somewhat narrative in that it has a narrator and a female character, yields two instances of embedded catchphrases-- Once in a while / you get shown the Should convicted felons have for me light / in the strangest of places / if you look at it right (31-34) and Strangers stop strangers / just to shake their hand (46-47).
The philosophies that can be abstracted from Writing a dissertation, these lines by reading them out of context include the Sample Appeal Learn search for truth in unlikely places, maybe in the tradition of the title angel-headed hipsters (2) who roam the a dissertation title urban wasteland in Ginsberg's Howl, and a proclamation of unsolicited friendliness and openness that the stock and Writing a dissertation title trade of the hippiedom the Grateful Dead supposedly stand for. All this is abstracted again from the less direct context the the right to vote? essay for me lines originally appear in; the Deadhead community seems to a dissertation title, have taken what it could and abandoned the quirky senselessness of The wind in Resume Parser Free Resume Template, the willows played tea for two / The sky was yellow and the sun was blue (44- 45). The argument could be made that the Writing title aphoristic lines are not only cheered at because of what they mean and Should the right essay imply, but simply for the fact that they mean at all. They are familiar lines within an ambiguous lyrical world that refuses to be reduced to a discernable, single interpretation. The catchphrases are familiar lines within a familiar yet, to the rational mind, unyielding lyrical world. Scarlet Begonias refuses to be understood as a whole, so the Writing title audience jumps at those four lines that seem to make sense. The catchphrases, then, are to the rest of the lyrics what the melody is to the improvisational jam--they mark the return to an understandable, well-known, and familiar touchstone before the next journey into newness and obscurity. This phenomenon can probably be best understood when looking at Report, what is generally considered the a dissertation prime example of the Grateful Dead's efforts, Dark Star: Dark Star is the kernel of Should convicted felons the right, wide open possibility at the core of the Writing title Dead's repertoire, the essential seed promising unlimited intergalactic space journeys at the speed of total mindwarp: Shall we go,/ you and I/while we can? It is the most exploratory of Dead tunes and it is the trippiest, the one where the acidic whistle of the dark interstices is heard most starkly, where you might turn any corner and step off into the void.
It is the Dead's spirit of musical adventure at its strangest, wildest, most vehement, weirdest, dreamiest, and the place where the leading wave of the Dead's music is most often audible being created in mid-air. Parser Free Parse Resume! (Jim Powell quoted in Shenk 51) Interestingly, Dark Star was the first song that Hunter wrote together with the Writing title Grateful Dead in 1967. The lyrics are extremely short, considering that a full-fledged Dark Star can easily last half an hour. The song is made up by two verses that are usually separated by minutes and Report minutes of intense jamming. A close reading reveals Hunter's technique of juxtaposing the abstract and the concrete in a single image, parataxis, and contradiction in title, full bloom. Resume Free Resume! Searchlight casting / for Writing a dissertation title faults in the / clouds of delusion (7-9) is such a tricky image, suggestion that the speaker has a very clear sense of what he is industrial revolution Book Report talking about, yet again, the song cannot be said to mean anything in any traditional sense, and not even the tedium of a symbolic reading will yield any meaning. However, the verse beginning Shall we go. which precedes the next drawn out jam insinuates that the speaker understands, and title invites the reader along through the transitive nightfall / of diamonds (14-15). The drawn-out jam that usually follows can be understood as exactly the transitive nightfall / of diamonds, the Sample lyrics then talking about the music, a kind of meta-lyric. After seemingly endless improvisation, the text and melody returns with Mirror shatters (16), an event cheered by the audience as it means the return to Writing, a familiar signpost.
It has been argued that Dark Star draws its power from the violation of VERSUS WHITE AMERICAN IN WORLD college essay, norms and the constant impossibility of assigning meaning: ['Dark Star' leads] to a transcendent mysticism because the music, continually violating norms and expectations, avoid a clear marking or denotation of Writing title, a signified. What is left is a state of ambiguity in which the listener is Resume Resume Template enticed into closer attention of momentary detail. (Skaggs, quoted in Shenk 64) I would argue that the overwhelming power of Dark Star and, in a broader sense, the overall effect of a Grateful Dead show, does not entirely rely on the elusiveness of its signs, be it musically or linguistically, but on title, the tension it creates between the familiar and the new. The Deadhead community as a whole exists because of the familiar aspects of the Dead. The fascination of the band grows largely out of the relationships between the improvised and the structured that are increasingly complex to the point of becoming fractal. The model that I would suggest for the intricacies of a Grateful Dead show and the rich relationships that exist between the Sample Appeal Letter Learn Appeal Letters lyrics and the music is that of fractals, self-containing geometrical structures like the Mandelbrot set. The outside of the Gingerbread man are the ordered regions, where a number can easily be assigned to the function, z (n+1)=z(n)2+c, while the black inside of the Gingerbread man stands for total, absolute chaos, unstructuredness. The edge where those two areas meet is characterized by intense, bizarre beauty and recurring images of the bigger picture that recede--like a Russian doll, the Gingerbread man contains images of himself, infinitely, just as a Grateful Dead concert contains recurring patterns of familiarity and Writing a dissertation title innovation on a receding scale. The overall structure of the concert is firm, or almost firm--there are always exceptions, yet the revolution Book Report pattern of first and second set, drums, space, and encore are set. This structure is filled with actual songs every night; the choice of songs varies, yet the songs are generally well-known and Writing a dissertation familiar. The way they are going to be played on any given night, however, is uncertain and actually unpredictable--no improvisational jam that opens in preconceived places within the in peter song will be the same, yet it can be assumed it will be at a given place. The lyrics, joining the a dissertation title return to the melody, are firm and part of a preconceived pattern within a song.
They will not be changed or tampered with. However, the firm and unchanging lyrics have shown themselves to title, be unsteady and undecidable due to their ambiguous and contradictory character. This is a dissertation title only true, again, for the most part, since the lyrics do contain embedded catchphrases that possess a heightened familiarity within the song. The audience will recognize and appreciate these moments of predictability and profound understanding as a community before the jam wanders off into unknown directions again, possibly into the far reaches of musical exploration in AFRICAN-AMERICAN VERSUS WHITE AMERICAN WOMEN help, Dark Star or to the completely strange and wordless Space, which can be considered the climax of unfamiliarity within the Writing a dissertation title development of the concert. AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN WHITE Essay Help! After the purely instrumental excesses of Space, the return of Writing a dissertation, rhythm, harmony, melody, then lyrics, and Should felons have the right do an essay finally understandable and rational lyrics is a dissertation title greeted by enthusiastically by the audience which is pleased to be gently returned to a sensical universe where exploration and industrial revolution rediscovery, departure and return, ambiguity and blatantness co-exist and fuel each other. Hunter's lyrics are allowed to be reasonably narrative and plain-old weird at given times; the music always corresponds to or counter-accentuates the words, both live off each other in a dissertation title, an organic and healthy way. Standing on WOMEN VERSUS WHITE WOMEN college essay help, their own, the lyrics to Writing title, Dark Star might seem interesting and lyrical yet pointless; in union with the music, they gather as many meanings as the listener can assign to them: [Jerry Garcia:] Dark Star has meant, while I'm playing it, almost as many things as I can sit here and imagine, so all I can do is talk about 'Dark Star' as a playing experience. [Charles] REICH: Well, yeah, talk about title it a little. [Jerry Garcia:] I can't. It talks about itself. [Charles] REICH: Each time it comes out in a different way? [Jerry Garcia:] Yeah, pretty much. There are certain structural poles which we have kind of set up in it, and Writing those periodically we do away with. (Garcia 85) The music of the Sample Letter Learn Grateful Dead and the lyrics of Robert Hunter open up spaces within the a dissertation title work of in peter, art they form together that make textual interpretation of the lyrics futile.
The lyrics function not as an absolute that is stated, but as a tool for semiosis--at every concert, they can and do mean something different according to Writing, how the variable parts in the music change. Every time a song is performed, a different set of potential meanings that are inherent in the piece will be actualized for a different audience. Various parts of the AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN VERSUS WHITE AMERICAN help concert experience are firm, others are variable, and as I tried to Writing, illustrate using the Mandelbrot set, the firm parts contain further movable aspects, and vice versa. The resulting multi-media, multi-sign system artifact can shine in infinite variations. The result is one of an ever-changing, fluctuating whole that contains familiar parts while never completely yielding to reason. This amorphous, continuously self- altering gestalt that is a thirty-year process --the seams show, there are parts that are completely opaque and others that we have known for Writing a dissertation title decades, and it always changes: It stumbles, then it creeps, then it flies with one wing and then it flies with one wing and bumps into trees and shit (Garcia 76). Deadhead sociologist Rebecca Adams puts it this way: People say Deadheads are throwbacks. I think they are pioneers. They recognize that reality is subjective--there is no right way--and have been cognizant of a dissertation title, these multiple realities for a lot longer than most other people. This is post-modernism.
It's the cutting edge (quoted in Shenk xiii). Robert Hunter's lyrics are a vital part of this experience, providing the mind-searching music with an incessantly fascinating imagery that both underscores and counter-points its meaning by not meaning anything at all.
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Coleridge's Poems Summary and Analysis of Writing title, Christabel (Part I, 1797; Part II, 1800; The Conclusion to revolution Part II, 1801) The poem begins in the middle of the night in April. The female mastiff of the a dissertation, rich baron Sir Leoline howls at the sound of the clock striking twelve. AFRICAN-AMERICAN WHITE AMERICAN Essay Help? The unnamed speaker of the poem predicts that the dog is howling because she somehow sees the shroud of Christabel, the baron’s only daughter, in the woods. A Dissertation? On the previous night, Christabel dreamed about the knight she is supposed to industrial marry. She has gone to the woods on title this night to pray for him.
While she is praying at an oak tree, Christabel suddenly springs up because she hears a moaning noise, but she can’t tell from where or from whom the noise comes. Christabel realizes that the noise comes from a strange woman who is on a dissertation the other side of the oak tree. The beautiful woman is a “damsel bright” and is dressed in a white robe. Christabel asks the woman who she is, and the woman asks Christabel to have pity on her because she is nearly too weary to speak. The woman extends her hand to Christabel and asks her to title have no fear. The woman says that her name is Geraldine and that she is the daughter of a noble man. Geraldine says that on the previous morning, five warriors kidnapped her and Report tied her to a white palfrey. The five warriors, none of whom Geraldine recognized, rode behind the palfrey on white horses. After one night passed, one of the warriors untied Geraldine from the palfrey, muttered something to the other warriors, and then placed Geraldine underneath the a dissertation, oak by which Christabel was praying. Geraldine says that she has no idea how long she has been by the oak since she is extremely weary and scarcely alive. Geraldine says that the warrior who untied her said that he and the other warriors would soon return to the oak.
The castle bell’s striking of the midnight hour led Geraldine to fear that the warriors would come soon to Letter Learn retrieve her. Geraldine asks Christabel to title protect her from the Writing, warriors. Christabel takes Geraldine’s hand and comforts the Writing a dissertation title, weary woman by telling her that Sir Leoline will provide Geraldine with the necessary means to help her return safely to Sample Appeal Letter her father’s home. When Christabel and Geraldine reach Christabel’s home, Christabel asks Geraldine to sleep in Christabel’s room for the night so as to Writing not awaken the sleeping household. Letter Letters? Christabel especially does not wish to title disturb her father, since he is very ill. When the two women cross the castle’s moat and Christabel opens her home’s iron gate, Geraldine falls as if in great pain. Christabel picks Geraldine up and WHITE WOMEN college essay carries her over the gate’s threshold.
Once they are over the threshold, Geraldine rises and moves as if she is no longer in pain. When the a dissertation, two women cross the hall’s court, Christabel praises the Virgin Mary for rescuing Geraldine from danger. Geraldine says that she is too weary to speak and share Christabel’s praises. After the Resume Parse Template, two women cross the court, they pass by Sir Leoline’s female mastiff. The sleeping dog does not wake up, but she does angrily moan in her sleep as Christabel and Geraldine pass by. The poem’s speaker notes that the mastiff has never previously made any angry noises while in Writing a dissertation, the presence of Christabel. When Geraldine passes by the fireplace, a flame arises amongst the dying brands and white ashes. Christabel once again asks Geraldine to walk as softly and quietly as possible, especially as they pass by IN WORLD college, the Baron’s room before getting to Christabel’s room. The two women finally enter Christabel’s bedroom. The poem’s speaker describes Christabel’s room as furnished with “strange and sweet” carved figures, such as a lamp fastened to an angel’s feet.
Although the room is dimly lit by the moon, the carved furniture can be clearly seen. When Christabel brightens the lamp, Geraldine sinks to the floor. Christabel tells Geraldine to drink a cordial wine that Christabel’s mother made from wild flowers and which contains “virtuous powers.” Geraldine then asks if she would be pitied by Christabel’s mother. A Dissertation? Christabel says that her mother died at Christabel’s birth. Christabel says that according to the friar, her mother said on her death bed that she would hear the castle bell strike twelve o’clock on Christabel’s wedding day.
Christabel exclaims how she wishes that her mother were here now. Sample Letter Learn Appeal Letters? Geraldine echoes that she wishes that Christabel’s mother were here as well. An unsettling look then appears in Geraldine’s eyes and Geraldine cries in a strange, hollow voice for Christabel’s mother to leave because this hour belongs to Writing title Geraldine. Resume Parser Free Parse Template? Christabel kneels by Geraldine’s side and looks up to heaven and claims that Geraldine’s kidnapping must be the cause of this strange behavior. Geraldine then wipes her brow and faintly states that the strange spell that came over her has now passed. Geraldine drinks the wine, her eyes begin to brightly glitter, and she rises from the floor and Writing stands upright.
Geraldine says that the gods and angels love Christabel and for the sake of this love and because of the way that Christabel has taken care of Resume Parser Template, her, Geraldine will try as best as she can to Writing title repay Christabel. Sample Appeal? Geraldine then says that she has to Writing title pray and that Christabel can go ahead and get undressed. VERSUS WOMEN College Essay? Christabel undresses herself and lies down to sleep. Yet Christabel is so worried about Geraldine that she cannot sleep and instead sits up in bed and watches Geraldine praying. While praying, Geraldine suddenly shudders and undoes the belt around her waist, causing half of her body to be exposed. At first, Geraldine does not move or say anything when her dress falls. Then she opens her eyes and sees Christabel looking at her. Geraldine hurriedly and shamefully lies down in the bed next to title Christabel and takes Christabel in her arms. Geraldine says that a spell is working in her and that this spell is in control of Christabel. Geraldine says that Christabel still has the power to fight against this spell because of her attempt to save Geraldine.
*Conclusion to Part I* This is an aside by the poem’s speaker on the beauty of Christabel in prayer. The speaker remarks on how beautiful Christabel looked when she was praying by the oak tree in the woods and Free Parse Resume how she looks just as beautiful as she prays in Writing title, her sleep tonight. He also notes that Christabel is once again “fearfully” dreaming tonight. The speaker also observes how calmly Geraldine sleeps as she holds Christabel in her arms. Christabel eventually awakens from her dreaming “trance” and her body and face appear to relax and Should essay she begins to smile and cry at Writing a dissertation title the same time. The speaker assumes that Christabel must have had a good dream or a “vision sweet.”
Part II begins with Sir Leoline’s frequent saying that “Each matin bell…knells us back to Writing a dissertation title a world of death.” These are the words that the Baron immediately said after he found his wife dead. Because of his continual mourning of his wife, Sir Leoline requires that there must be a warning death knell of 45 beads between each stroke of the bell rung at dawn. Geraldine awakens upon hearing the dawn bell. She puts on her white clothes and awakens Christabel. Christabel awakens out of a drunken-like sleep. Christabel believes that her dreams were so sweet that she must have sinned, so she prays to Christ to wash away her sins. Christabel then takes Geraldine to meet Sir Leoline. Sir Leoline hugs Christabel and gives a cheerful welcome to Geraldine. Yet when Geraldine tells him about her kidnapping and then says that her father’s name is Lord Roland de Vaux of Tryermaine, Sir Leoline turns pale.
Sir Leoline and Lord Roland were once good friends in their youth, but they had a falling out and had as yet to resolve their differences. As Sir Leoline gazes at Geraldine, his good memories of his boyhood friendship with Lord Roland return, and Sir Leoline furiously declares to punish the warriors who wronged Geraldine. Sir Leoline cries and takes Geraldine in his arms. Geraldine suddenly sees a frightening vision fall upon Christabel’s soul. Geraldine shrinks, shudders, and utters a hissing sound. Sir Leoline turns around to see what has caused Geraldine’s behavior, but he only sees Christabel praying, her eyes raised toward heaven. Geraldine immediately recovers and Christabel assures her father that Geraldine will be alright.
Geraldine becomes embarrassed and prays in a low voice to be sent home soon to her father’s mansion. Sir Leoline charges Bracy the bard with the duty to accompany Geraldine to her home and to play his harp to a dissertation title signal her return. Sir Leoline also charges the bard with delivering Sir Leoline’s apology to Should convicted have the right to vote? do an for me Lord Roland to resolve their differences. Geraldine falls to Sir Leoline’s feet and thanks him. Then Bracy the title, bard asks that he not leave today because of a dream he had about an ailing bird named Christabel. In his dream, Bracy followed the bird to find out what was ailing it and Resume Parser Parse Template saw a bright green snake strangling the Writing a dissertation, bird. Because of the previous night’s dream, Bracy tells Sir Leoline that he will spend the day searching the archetypes in peter, woods for something that may endanger Christabel.
Sir Leoline does not take Bracy’s warning dream seriously and assures Geraldine that he (Sir Leoline) and Lord Roland will crush any snake that is found in the woods. Geraldine accepts that she must leave today and turns and looks askance at Christabel. Writing? In this askance look, Geraldine’s eyes become serpent-like for a moment and then Geraldine returns to Should felons to vote? for me normal. However, Geraldine’s serpentine glance causes Christabel to go into a dissertation a dizzy trance, stumble, and make a hissing sound. Geraldine immediately turns to Sir Leoline with a look of asking for forgiveness for what she has done to industrial Report Christabel. Christabel comes out of the trance and Writing a dissertation then silently prays. She falls at Should convicted felons to vote? for me Sir Leoline’s feet and Writing begs him on her mother’s soul to send Geraldine away.
Sir Leoline feels conflicted between granting the wishes of Writing, his beloved only child and of being kind to his old friend’s daughter. Sir Leoline’s confusion of a dissertation, what to do eventually turns into Sample Appeal Letter rage towards his daughter for a dissertation her inhospitable and dishonorable behavior towards Geraldine. Sir Leoline then orders Bracy to convicted felons have the right to vote? do an for me take care of a dissertation title, Christabel and Sir Leoline accompanies Geraldine on her way out. *Conclusion to revolution Book Part II* This last stanza of the poem warns against the excesses of emotion.The poem’s speaker describes a fairy-like child who delights its father; the a dissertation title, child represents Christabel. The speaker notes that the father experiences such an overflow of delight in his child that this excessive love can quickly turn into excessive bitterness and unkindness.
The speaker then notes the close connection between opposing emotions, such as happiness and pain. “Christabel” revolves around the juxtaposition of AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN AMERICAN essay help, sin/evil versus religiosity/devoutness, and sexuality versus purity. The obvious characters who represent these juxtapositions are Christabel (who represents devoutness and purity) and a dissertation Geraldine (who represents sin/evil and sexuality). Christabel frequently prays throughout the poem and one of the Sample Letter Appeal, most prominent furnishings in her bedroom is the carving of an angel. In addition, Christabel is patiently waiting for and could be seen as “saving” herself for her betrothed knight. Writing A Dissertation? In contrast, Geraldine claims that she does not have the strength to praise the Virgin Mary for being rescued by Christabel. Geraldine likewise represents sin and archetypes a lack of devoutness through her serpent-like looks and her hissing noises; this behavior alludes to the snake that tempts Eve in the Garden of Eden.
In addition, Geraldine has been roughly “handled” by five strange men and she often exhibits shame and a sense of impurity when she is around Christabel. Christabel’s rescuing of Geraldine can be read as a pure woman saving a fallen woman. Writing Title? Although Geraldine is constructed to be Christabel’s foil so that her “impurities” can enhance the sense of Christabel’s goodness and purity, Geraldine herself interestingly embodies the aforementioned juxtapositions. For instance, although Geraldine symbolizes impurity and evil, she wears a beautiful white robe that symbolizes purity. Furthermore, the VERSUS AMERICAN WOMEN college help, scene that exemplifies Geraldine’s embodiment of these juxtaposing qualities is the one in which she is praying by Christabel’s bed. In the middle of her prayer, Geraldine is overcome by the orgasm-like gestures of her eyes rolling around, the drawing in of her breath, the shivering of her body, and Writing her sudden unclasping of her belt to Should the right to vote? do an for me remove half of her white robe. A Dissertation? Thus, sin and sexuality overtake devoutness and purity. The theme of mysticism, which is prominent in one of Resume, Coleridge’s most fantastical poems “Kubla Khan,” is also prominent in Christabel. Geraldine is overtaken by a mysterious spell several times during the poem, and Writing a dissertation near the end of the poem, she somehow transfers the effects of the spell to Resume Parse Template Christabel.
Once Christabel physically recovers from the spell, she still seems transformed. Christabel’s kindness and consideration for Geraldine have disappeared and title she begs her father to cast Geraldine out of felons have to vote? do an essay, their home. Christabel goes from selfless to selfish. The ways in which the spells taint Geraldine and Christabel suggest the destructive powers of mysticism. In the essay “Coleridge’s ‘Christabel’ and the Phantom Soul,” Anya Taylor claims that the poem is “part of Coleridge’s life-long meditation on the vulnerabilities of will and agency” (708). The two young female characters in “Christabel” are certainly vulnerable to the overwhelming powers of the supernatural world. The theme of the title, power of nature, which is present in revolution, much of Coleridge’s work, also appears in “Christabel.” For example, Sir Leoline’s mastiff immediately senses the Writing a dissertation, evil and AFRICAN-AMERICAN VERSUS WHITE AMERICAN WOMEN college help danger that Geraldine brings. The mastiff howls when she senses that Christabel is near Geraldine in the woods; the dog angrily moans when Geraldine passes by in Sir Leoline’s home. The animal’s “sixth sense” suggests the power of the natural world. How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/coleridges-poems/study-guide/summary-christabel-part-i-1797-part-ii-1800-the-conclusion-to-part-ii-1801 in title, MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About Coleridge's Poems Coleridge's Poems Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and pan Analysis Summary And Analysis Christabel (Part I, 1797; Part II, 1800; The Conclusion to a dissertation title Part II, 1801) Kubla Khan (1798) Sonnet: To the River Otter (1793) The Nightingale (1798) Dejection: An Ode (1802) Frost at to vote? do an essay Midnight (1798) The Willing Suspension of Disbelief Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself!
Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A E-Text Mini-Store Samuel Coleridge Biography. Coleridge’s Poems Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Coleridge’s Poems is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the Writing a dissertation title, novel. This is pretty good, check it out: I'm not sure what your specific question is here? : a slow popular song that is typically about love. : a kind of poem or song that tells a story (such as a story about Report, a famous person from history) Coleridge's Poems study guide contains a biography of Samuel Coleridge, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Coleridge's Poems essays are academic essays for citation. Writing Title? These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of the Sample Letter Appeal Letters, poetry of Samuel Coleridge.
Coleridge's Poems e-text contains the full texts of Samuel Coleridge's poems.