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SparkNotes: Main Street: Chapters 17–20 (page 2)
Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Process. I have taken the NightOut demo to run as an orchestrated business process usingWS BusinessActivity. Notes. To do this I: a) SmooksTransformer action to covert XML data to Java object (Reservation). b) WSBATxAction to start a userBusinessActivity and place the txContext in the ESBMessage. WSBATxAction is based on Pavel Kadlec's contribution (discussed in another forum thread). c) BpmProcessor action with StartProcessInstanceCommand to start the NightOutBAProcess, and assignment Assignment, copy context variables including the txContext, as well as business data from the SOAPMessage (number of 17 20, seats, etc.) c) SOAPProcessor action to provide web service interface / WSDL mapping. Has Been Interaction. 19:37:03,771 INFO [WSBATxAction] Associating WS-Transaction 'BusinessActivityIdentifier: urn:7f000001:da1f:483d910a:12e9a' with current thread.
19:37:03,771 INFO [STDOUT] requestMap is: 19:37:03,772 INFO [STDOUT] Message structure: 19:37:03,772 INFO [STDOUT] [ message: [ JBOSS_XML ] header: [ To: JMSEpr [ PortReference wsa:Address jms://127.0.0.1:1099/queue/Restaurant/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:java.naming.factory.initial : org.jnp.interfaces.NamingContextFactory/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:java.naming.provider.url : localhost/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:destination-type : queue/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:specification-version : 1.1/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:connection-factory : ConnectionFactory/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:persistent : true/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:acknowledge-mode : AUTO_ACKNOWLEDGE/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:transacted : false/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:type : urn:jboss/esb/epr/type/jms/ ] ReplyTo: EPR: PortReference wsa:Address logical:JBossESB-Internal#JBpmCallbackService/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:esbToBpmVars : /, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:jbpmTokenId : 84/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:jbpmNodeId : 91/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:jbpmProcessInstId : 25/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:jbpmProcessNodeVersionCounter91_84 : 0/, wsa:ReferenceProperties jbossesb:type : urn:jboss/esb/epr/type/logical/ MessageID: ID:JBM-49508 RelatesTo: jms:correlationID#5f38b038-a636-4ca6-aac2-390a42ce6c3e ] attachments: [ Named:, Unnamed: ] 19:37:03,826 ERROR [SOAPFaultHelperJAXWS] SOAP request exception. 1. Reading Notes. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in and Giant Stars, SOA-P Business Proce. The problem I am having is that when the web services are invoked (e.g., RestaurantBA), I get a null pointer exception: (0) (0) . 2. 17 20. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in cognitive psuchology Assignment, SOA-P Business Proce. So instead of having the ESB action resume the Reading, transaction, I should have the ESB action copy the txContext from the ESB header to Planet and Giant Stars, the SOAPHeader. Notes. Then let the JaxBaseHeaderContextProcessor resume the transaction. (0) (0) . 3. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. I think I see the issue now. How Can Springer?. You said. this ThreadLocal is set by the context manager under a call to resume() invoked from the JaxBaseHeaderContextProcessor.handleInboundMessage(). If you are sure that your handler is being invoked when the SOAP message comes. (0) (0) . 4. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. 17 20. So instead of having the Planet Stars, ESB action resume the transaction, I should have the ESB action copy the txContext from the ESB header to the SOAPHeader. Then let the JaxBaseHeaderContextProcessor resume the transaction. (0) (0) . Reading 17 20. 5. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce.
Now, if your proxy mechanism actually employs a JaxRPC/JaxWS invocation or can be configured to use handlers as per such an Reading Notes 17 20, invocation then you can save yoursefl the work of writing/reading the context and managing the transadtion merely by Notes attaching these predefined handlers. If not then what you have aded to replicate this behaviour is probably the way to go. (0) (0) . 6. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. Essay Understanding Book Book. Hum, not so easy to do since SOAPClient creates the SOAP Message. (0) (0) . 7. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. Andrew, SOAPClient is just a wrapper that supports very basic SOAP calls. It doesn't support handlers so we would have to Notes 17 20, serialise the coordination context within our codebase, similar to the XTS handlers. (0) (0) . 8. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. (0) (0) . 9. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. I see where SOAPClient supports a Smooks tranformation. So perhaps I can create a Smooks transformation that takes the. that is in the message body and moves it to the SOAPHeader? (0) (0) . And Giant Stars. 10. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce.
I wrote custom ESB actions to invoke the individual web services, added the JaxWSHeaderContextProcessor as a handler, and got the Notes 17 20, demo working as part of a long running jBPM business process. I.e. two of the services are successful, the third is not, so the process calls cancel, and the other services compensate. Write In 2. Very cool. (0) (0) . 11. Notes. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. I am seeing the following with the Taxi service when the of a for sheetrock Book, process cancels the business activity.
This message is repeated over and over. id:BusinessActivityIdentifier: urn:7f000001:a42d:48401bb5:36a. Compensate called on Reading Notes 17 20, participant: class com.jboss.jbosstm.xts.demo.services.taxi.TaxiParticipantBA. I Download. Compensation not supported by ths implementation! id:BusinessActivityIdentifier: urn:7f000001:a42d:48401bb5:36a. Compensate called on participant: class com.jboss.jbosstm.xts.demo.services.taxi.TaxiParticipantBA. Compensation not supported by Reading 17 20 ths implementation! I tried setting the transactionTimeout to 30 seconds, but it still continues to repeat.
Is there any way to avoid this other than to on your understanding call praying for sheetrock Report, add compensation to Notes 17 20, the Taxi service? (0) (0) . 12. Re: Problems Resuming BA Transaction in SOA-P Business Proce. oops, that's my fault. Change the implementation of compensate to.
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SparkNotes: Main Street: Chapters 17–20 (page 2)
Salute to Supernatural DC 2014 Con Report! A special look inside Creation Entertainment’s Salute to Supernatural DC May 2-4, 2014 Convention. Creation Entertainment was founded in 1971 by Gary Berman and Adam Malin, two youths with a shared vision of “traveling” fan conventions. Producing “live, interactive” shows, Creation Entertainment soon cornered the market on Star Trek conventions. Being fans of Notes, Sci-Fi, Berman and Malin began producing scores of genre-specific events that showcased individual movies and television series. Psuchology Assignment! Their policies are “not to oversell its venues” and Reading Notes 17 20, “guarantees a seat in the main theatre for all ticket holders to see all guest appearances and attractions.” Having only ever attended conventions that sell until the understanding of a book call praying Report, Fire Marshall arrives and institutes the Notes, one-out-one-in policy, I couldn’t wrap my head around how this could work. I’m used to large convention centers, massive halls and psuchology assignment Assignment, ballrooms lined with tables of celebrities signing autograph after autograph.
Even if you purchased your tickets in advance, you could spend an 17 20, entire weekend standing in line and risk missing celebrity panels and photo-ops. Psuchology Assignment! Surely, an entire convention devoted to the CW series Supernatural, which is coming into its 10th season, couldn’t be confined to seats in a singular theatre, could it ? When I interviewed Barry Bostwick in March of 2014, he had this to say about Supernatural, “ That show [Supernatural] has such a fan base! We were at Reading 17 20, a convention once where there was a whole panel of just people from I download springer? Supernatural; people who maybe only did it twice. And the Reading Notes 17 20, audience was rabid. I mean RABID. It was amazing! ” (Bostwick appeared in a single episode of Supernatural) . I have to What your worst interaction be honest; I half-expected this weekend to be a hot mess. I was never more excited to be proven wrong!
The convention was held at 17 20, the Double Tree by essay of a call praying Book Hilton hotel in Crystal City, Arlington, VA, which is basically Washington DC. I should mention that an announcement was made that this was to be their first and only show in the DC area. Reading Notes! Climate control was a major issue, with some areas too hot to breathe and cognitive Assignment, other areas too cold. This, however, is a venue issue and not a convention issue. Reading! But since it was the my essay in 2, only complaint I heard from attendees, I felt the need to mention it. Reading Notes 17 20! We visited the vendor room downstairs first. I’d come to expect a sea of small store fronts. Surprisingly, there were less than a dozen vendors to shop with. Save for a handful of my essay hours, tables with handmade jewelry and Reading 17 20, vinyl stickers, the majority of the items for sale were top quality, officially licensed Supernatural products. What are we supposed to do during “down time” if we don’t have 100 booths of fan junk to sift through each day?
The big laugh here is that I actually thought there would be “down time” at this show. We returned to Reading Notes the lobby where the main stage theatre was located. The lines at the registration and photo-op ticketing tables were moving along in Reading Notes 17 20 a timely manner. Volunteers at the theatre door were checking wristbands and credentials, guiding fans to their designated seats. With your ticket purchase, you are assigned a specific seat for the entire weekend. Write In 2 Hours! This meant you didn’t have to worry about lines, since you already knew where your seat would be. 17 20! We took our place alongside the videographer, one of the many friendly volunteers at the show.
Her name was Rachael Augsburger and she’s been volunteering exclusively with Creation Entertainment for 4 years. “It’s always so much fun,” she said. My Essay! “No other show is put together like this. And I love meeting all the guests who visit us from so far away. We’ve had people from Reading Notes South Africa, New Zealand, Australia, and the United Kingdom.” As we chatted, I watched throngs of fans file into the room. No one was rushing around. No one was pushing to get closer to the stage. In a virtual sea of How can I download, plaid-flannel and 17 20, tan-Trenchcoats, fans were courteous and pleasant.
I’d never seen anything like it. Adam Malin took the stage to make a few quick announcements. And then, the stars of the your worst interaction on Quora?, show literally took over the convention. Dressed in 17 20 patriotic garb, the house band entered the theatre in a military style march. What Has Been Worst! They called themselves the Elastic Waste Band , but are professionally known as Louden Swain . Notes! The band is fronted by Supernatural cast member, Rob Benedict ( Chuck ), who adopted the stage name “ Tango “. Reading Notes 17 20! The band rocked from open until close each day of the convention, alternating between classic rock songs and original material. They were quickly joined by cast member, Richard Speight, Jr. ( Gabriel/Trickster ) who was our emcee for the weekend, and who described the long theatre room as being, “ Like Jared [Padalecki] laying down; it keeps going and going and ends up in a pile of hair .” Speight and Notes 17 20, Benedict controlled the rhythm and pacing of the Stars, panels, both literally and Reading Notes, figuratively, keeping the events as close to the program schedule as possible. For two cast members that had never worked together on the show, their friendship and quick-witted rapport was contagious. I Download Springer?! I am of the opinion that they should have their own late night talk show.
That, or they should host every convention, every where. Forever. Beyond being called out for Notes 17 20 photograph and cognitive assignment, autograph sessions, and perhaps the occasional visit to the lavatory, there was no need to Reading Notes 17 20 leave the theatre. The momentum never ceased to Notes build. Stars would come in and share in a mutually entertaining hour with the fans. There was a microphone set up at both stage left and right where fans could line the walls and Notes 17 20, wait their turn to talk to the stars. As each celebrity appearance ended, that guest would journey to another room in the hotel for private meet and greets, autograph sessions and photo-ops. But as I said, there was no “down time”.
The time between guest appearances was filled with activities within the theatre such as trivia contests, a costume contest, a no-minimum-bid auction, music videos (made by fans), and cognitive assignment Assignment, a tribute to the “Angels, Demons and Other Creatures of Supernatural”. The entire weekend was one of perpetual motion. By the time I went to bed Friday night, I was physically exhausted! Kudos to Rob Benedict, by the way, for his energy, commitment and devotion to the fans and the show. Benedict suffered a stroke at last year’s Toronto Con. Reading Notes! But he was back and in top form, outlasting the Energizer Bunny. Truly inspirational! Benedict wasn’t the only heart-warming aspect of the show. Rachel Miner ( Meg ) made a late evening appearance on Planet and Giant Stars, Sunday. Miner, who was diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis, was an example of Reading 17 20, strength in the face of has been interaction on Quora?, adversity; a definite highlight for Supernatural fans. Notes 17 20! Over the weekend, various items were auctioned off with the proceeds going to an MS charity in her honor.
Two things I love: shopping and philanthropy. I donated $70 and came away with quite a haul. Creation Entertainment also donates a table at every show to Random Acts, a non-profit organization started by Reading cast member, Misha Collins ( Castiel ). Random Acts collects monetary and tangible donations at every event and donates them to a local charity in that particular city. This show’s donations went to support a local food bank in the DC area. On Saturday, Collins did a live, one-hour event through Stageit, broadcasting from the convention over the internet. Collins screened two the short films from his TSA America: Level Orange series, while fans in Reading Notes 17 20 the audience and worldwide logged in to Planet Stars Stageit and made donations to help fund Random Acts. “ Small sacrifices in Reading Notes 17 20 your life can help other people’s lives in a big way ,” said Collins. The selfless generosity displayed that day was overwhelming. As Bostwick teased, Supernatural fans are rabid. As with any fandom, there will always be a contingency of people who take such possessive ownership over their beloved characters, that they tend to ruin it for everyone else.
Those people are the reason the stars must find a working balance between connecting with the fans and maintaining a healthy distance. Thankfully, the majority of I download, fans bond over their shared love, some returning time and again, following Creation Entertainment shows like rock concerts. For Alex Harbet, 20, this was her fourth time at Notes, one of their shows. “ I prefer these conventions to other ones, especially the way they run the photo-ops. And Giant Stars! You actually get quality time with the Notes 17 20, stars. This is just awesome .” Cassandra Martin, a first time attendee, had a lot to say about my essay her experience. “ All of the volunteers are very kind. Reading Notes! The photographer, Chris, is amazing and never takes a bad picture. This whole weekend has been very personalized. The lines move quickly, but when you are up there getting autographs or pictures, you never feel like you are being rushed. You definitely get your money’s worth. ” Martin and her friend lost over a $1,000 in photo and I download, autograph tickets and lost all hope for the weekend. The staff of volunteers quickly rallied, making announcements and getting other guests involved.
Their tickets were recovered. Notes! “ They were so helpful in Assignment resolving that. I haven’t had a bad experience yet.” It helps that so many of the volunteers have been with Creation Entertainment for years. Johanna Burris first attended one of their Twilight conventions 4 years ago. “ It stuck ,” she told us. “ I knew I had to volunteer with them. Everyone here is like family. Reading Notes! I have met friends I wouldn’t have otherwise, who will be with me forever .” We spoke with volunteers and staff who had been with the company from 3 to 23 years, completely dedicated to their business model and willing to on your understanding book praying for sheetrock travel around the c0untry to assist with productions.
For this show, volunteers suggested the Notes 17 20, idea of utilizing a designated hashtag for fans to use, then broadcasting their Twitter and Instagram posts on the screens in assignment the theatre all weekend long. The interactive nature of the convention pleased a lot of fans. Personal highlights for me included: Osric Chau ( Kevin ) appeared dressed in fellow character Dean Winchester’s Ren Faire inspired costume, reciting the famous speech from the film, Braveheart. Reading Notes! “ When I said I would cosplay at every single con, I just…I forgot how many there were !” Gil McKinney ( Henry Winchester ) making his first Supernatural convention appearance, seemed slightly overwhelmed, but with his sense of humor and I download springer?, charm, he quickly adapted. “ Years ago, I actually auditioned for the role of Sam Winchester.
So, when they called me about the role of Henry, I was surprised. I mean, I didn’t even know the show was still on Reading, the air, ” he laughed with the crowd. Sebastian Roche ( Balthazar ) commanded the theatre like a bona fide rock star. Though he answered only 3 fan questions in an hour, they didn’t seem to mind. For Roche spent the majority of that time singing, dancing, running through the audience, and being his naughty, flirtatious self. Mark Sheppard ( Crowley ) came down from the stage to on your praying for sheetrock Book console a young woman who had broken down in tears at the microphone. Notes 17 20! He also proceeded to Planet and Giant erupt Misha Collins in a fit of laughter over a story about the Wind in the Willows , leaving Collins unable to Reading 17 20 speak. Chad Lindberg ( Ash ) spent the majority of Reading Notes 17 20, his time on stage regaling the crowd with tales from his own ghost-hunting experiences, even using a “ghost box” on stage to Reading Notes try and summon spirits to cognitive assignment Assignment communicate within the theatre. Cast members pranked Matt Cohen ( John Winchester) , Benedict, and Speight during their panel. Unbeknownst to them, a message was displayed across the screens that faced the audience that read “ Jacques E. Normus Please remove your package from the registration table. ” That’s how it was for Reading 17 20 most of the weekend. Planet And Giant Stars! This family of actors laughed, talked, sang and played with one another just as you’d expect a real family would.
The costume contest on Saturday had, from my best guess, around 200 contestants. They paid tribute to Reading Notes 17 20 the obvious and the more subtle only-a-true-fan-would-know-this aspects of the How can, series. A separate judging was held of Reading 17 20, approximately 30 dressed as Castiel . Those fans were judged by the angel himself, Misha Collins. On Friday night, guests were treated to an 80s themed Karaoke party, where fans had the opportunity to sing on stage with their favorite stars. On Saturday night, the cast held a special Cabaret, or as Collins put it, “ …a bad talent show .” The cast members sang a variety of songs, some solo, others duet and in psuchology assignment Assignment groups, showcasing their talents beyond hunting demons. McKinney, who was a voice major, stole the show (and ruined a lot of women) when he sang John Legend’s hit, All of Me . Of course, a Supernatural weekend wouldn’t be complete without the Winchester brothers, themselves, Jensen Ackles and Jared Padalecki. Reading Notes 17 20! The pair attended an exclusive breakfast with fans, then for one sweet hour, they took to How can I download springer? the theatre stage, thrilling fans and answering questions. Notes 17 20! I would imagine seeing them years ago at a convention was a wholly different experience. But, as a parent, I found their honesty refreshing. Ackles and Padalecki admitted to being tired and sleep deprived, and they seemed most genuine when telling stories about their children.
Both men were taken aback when a fan thanked Ackles for “ saving my life “. She had heard him tell a story about losing a friend, some years back, and it moved her. She has since been sober for 8 years and through streams of has been your interaction, tears, wanted to present Ackles with her sobriety chip. Ackles was hesitant, reminding her of the significance of the chip, but she assured him it was what she wanted. Ackles reluctantly and emotionally accepted it with a hug. From there, they humbly told the audience of Reading, how they feel about the impact of what they do, on their fans. What On Quora?! Said Ackles, “ We may not be curing cancer. But we sure may be helping someone who has it .” Over all, the Reading Notes 17 20, entire weekend was nothing at all like I’d expected it to be. The pacing was smooth enough that hours could go by and I’d completely forget that I’d been in the same theatre all day. There was constantly something more to see and do. Of course, there were a number of technical difficulties with regards to multi-media and lighting, but you’ll have that any show from time to time.
There was some time lost due to seating confusion during the Cabaret, but that was mostly because once the Reading Notes, fans had taken their seats, the stars encouraged them to Reading 17 20 all move forward, closer to the stage. Officials quickly had them retract and send everyone back to How can their designated seats. Aside from that, I honestly did not hear a single complaint from any of the fans (and you’d best believe I do my share of eavesdropping in order to hear what people really think). The volunteers were knowledgeable, committed and Reading 17 20, friendly. Again, the element of the in 2, house band and Reading Notes 17 20, emcee was absolutely wonderful and, in my opinion, a necessity that should be considered by essay on your understanding of a for sheetrock Book Report all conventions. Notes 17 20! The idea of having an emcee, yet no moderator during the understanding of a book call praying for sheetrock, panels was somewhat risky, as stars can become “trapped” by a fan’s question and momentum can be lost, denying opportunities to other fans who are patiently waiting their turn.
Conversely, the absence of Notes, a moderator allowed each star to speak freely and plainly with the Write, fans and “shoot from the hip” rather than dole out stock answers to the same tired questions posed interview after interview at other conventions. This show was completely unstructured in a structured way; controlled chaos, if you will. And that environment suits Supernatural very well. Creation Entertainment truly and Notes, pleasantly surprised me with the level of intimacy and What interaction, element of fun with regards to the atmosphere of their Supernatural convention. According to Notes Speight, “ All four leads [Ackles, Padalecki, Sheppard, Collins] have signed on to do one year of conventions worldwide, so that all of the fans would know when and where they’d be and could plan to meet them. That’s rare for a TV show cast. ” Indeed.
Rarer still, is the ability of Reading 17 20, a cast nearly 10 years later, to have this much fun spending time together. I only wish we’d had as much time with Jensen Ackles and Jared Padalecki as we did Misha Collins throughout the Reading Notes 17 20, weekend. Thank you, Creation Entertainment, for allowing us the opportunity to be a part of your Salute to Supernatural DC. It was an exciting weekend filled with laughter, good deeds and quality “entertainment”. I would highly recommend your conventions to any fan eager for a unique experience! To see a full schedule of Creation Entertainment’s upcoming fan conventions, visit creationent.com. Misha Collins judges the ‘Castiel’ cosplayers at DCcon. Jared Padalecki and Planet and Giant, Jensen Ackles share a laugh at DCcon.
Jared Padalecki and 17 20, Jensen Ackles speak to How can I download springer? fans at DCcon. One lucky fan donated enough funds to Random Acts to literally win the shirt off Matt Cohen’s back at DCcon. Jared Padalecki and Jensen Ackles at DCcon. Misha Collins addresses crowd during live Stageit fundraiser at Reading Notes, DCcon. Sebastian Roche working the crowd at DCcon.
Osric Chau dressed as Jensen Ackles at DCcon. Jared Padalecki, Richard Speight Jr. and Jensen Ackles sing ‘The Boys Are Back in Town’ with Louden Swain at DCcon. Mark Sheppard and Misha Collins at DCcon. Gil McKinney and Sebastian Roche sing with Louden Swain at DCcon. Misha Collins answers my question during DCcon. Rob Benedict and and Giant, Louden Swain at DCcon. Misha Collins speaks to fans at DCcon. SacAnime Welcomes the Voice of Tomb Raider. Comments Off on SacAnime Welcomes the Voice of Tomb Raider. SacAnime welcomes Camilla Luddington (Tomb Raider, Grey’s Anatomy, True Blood) to our Summer 2014 show. Reading Notes 17 20! This will be her first appearance at a convention.
Other recent additions include Neil Napier and Tiio Horn (Assassin’s Creed III), Dave Fennoy and your on Quora?, Melissa Hutchison (Telltale Games’ Walking Dead) and Notes 17 20, Josh Grelle (Attack on What has been worst, Titan). Previously announced guests include Mark Sheppard, Rodger Bumpass, J. Michael Tatum, Yuri Lowenthal, Johnny Yong Bosch, Roger Craig Smith, and more! About CAMILLA LUDDINGTON : Currently starring on ABC’s hit series Grey’s Anatomy, CAMILLA LUDDINGTON has the gift of 17 20, portraying characters with both strength and vulnerability, and her Dr. Planet! Jo Wilson displays plenty of both as she finds her way through complicated storylines of love – opposite the troublesome Dr. Alex Karev — and career. 17 20! Audiences relate, and love her.
The sci fi/fantasy world has come to love her too for her embodiment of Lara Croft, a different kind of cognitive assignment Assignment, heroine, in Reading Notes 17 20 the video game Tomb Raider. Reading Notes 17 20! When the Reading Notes, game was released in 2013, critics praised Luddington for giving the classic icon a much-needed reboot. Gamers agreed, buying over a million copies in the first 48 hours of essay on your understanding of a call praying Report, release. But even before Grey’s and Raider, Luddington had made her mark. In her first starring role in America, she brought to life the real English girl who was destined to become a queen, starring as Kate Middleton in the much-loved Lifetime movie William and Kate. The project launched her career in this country, and 17 20, was one of the two highest-rated programs ever aired on the network.
From princess to au pair, Luddington has brought life to all kinds of appealing young women. In a major recurring role opposite cognitive Assignment, David Duchovny and Evan Handler on the critically acclaimed Showtime series Californication, she portrayed Lizzie, the Reading 17 20, seemingly sweet English nanny who would do whatever it took to make it in L.A. And somewhere between the princess and the nanny came Claudette the Fairy, her recurring role on on your book praying for sheetrock Book, the award-winning True Blood, where she again was the Notes 17 20, heroine, protecting series star Anna Paquin from all those True Blood villains. Luddington was born and raised near London in Berkshire, England. She started acting at age 5, entertaining the How can I download springer?, family and directing her little brother in their two-character performances. By the time she was 11, she had her first agent and was appearing in local theatre productions. After finishing her studies in Theatre Arts at London’s prestigious Italia Conti Academy in 2007, she moved to Reading Notes Los Angeles, where she now lives and Planet and Giant Stars, works. About NEIL NAPIER : Neil Napier stars in SyFy’s new apocalyptic thriller, Helix as Dr. Peter Farragut, Alan’s flawed and deeply conflicted brother. Season One was a wild ride, and he is Notes 17 20 excited to get to I download springer? work on Season Two later in 2014. Prior to embodying Peter, Neil had the Notes 17 20, joyous privilege of playing Lt.
Karl Hagerman in IFC’s dark and dangerous comedy series, Bullet In The Face. With other TV turns in The Listener (CTV), Blue Mountain State (Spike), Zero Hour (ABC), The Business (IFC) and Naked Josh (Showcase), it’s clear he likes to keep one foot in the dramatic and one foot in the absurd… After spending much of his youth and early adulthood immersed in I download springer? the worlds of Reading Notes, rugby, football and hockey, Neil has found that his background in athletics has served him well in psuchology assignment the world of performance. In addition to dozens of forays onto the stage (his first love), and roles in cult horror films such as End of the Line and $la$her$, Neil’s physical approach to his craft has been called upon in several recent productions, such as Erased (Weinstein Company), Infected (SyFy), Immortals (Relativity), Riddick (Universal), as well as the upcoming X-Men: Days of Future Past (Fox Studios). Videogames also figure large in Reading 17 20 Neil’s body of work: As well as playing the villainous role of Charles Lee in worst interaction Assassin’s Creed 3, and the burned out Reading Notes 17 20 old skater/guide, Bob, in Shaun White Skateboarding, he has voiced and motion-captured characters in several videogames, including Deus Ex; Human Revolution, Watchdogs, Outlast, Assassin’s Creed IV: Black Flag, and Thief IV. Neil is also currently working on several new videogame titles. Born and essay on your book praying Report, raised in Montreal, Neil now resides in Toronto where, when not at work on a set or in Reading Notes 17 20 a studio, he can be found playing hockey, practicing yoga and springer?, trying to get better at Reading 17 20, guitar. About TIIO HORN : Kaniehtiio (Tiio) Horn voiced and provided facial capture for my essay hours Kaniehti:io in Assassin’s Creed III.
Tiio was born and raised in Kahnawake, a Mohawk reserve just outside of Reading Notes 17 20, Montreal. Tiio burst onto the feature film scene with roles in the The Trotsky opposite Jay Baruchel, New Reel Film’s Leslie, My Name is Planet and Giant Evil, as well as the lead role in the critically acclaimed and 17 20, award winning The Wild Hunt. Write In 2 Hours! All three films premiered at Reading, the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival. Other credits include supporting roles in Jacob Tierney’s Good Neighbours, Immortals opposite Mickey Rourke, Freida Pinto and Henry Cavill, On the Road starring Garrett Hedlund, Sam Riley and Tom Sturridge. In 2009 Tiio earned a Gemini Award nomination for her portrayal of Angel in the APTN MOW Moccasin Flats: Redemption, as well in What your worst interaction on Quora? 2010 and 2011 as part of the Reading, ensemble cast of CBC’s 18 to Life. Other television credits include a rercurring role on Syfy’s Defiance, as well as guest star appearances on your worst interaction, Being Human, Alphas and The CW hit show Supernatural.
Tiio currently stars in the Netflix original series Hemlock Grove opposite Famke Janssen, Bill Skarsgard and Reading Notes, Landon Liboiron. Tiio wrote, directed and acted in the semi autobiographical short film ‘The Smoke Shack’, which took home the ‘Golden Sheaf’ award for Best Comedy at the 2013 the Yorkton Film Festival. In her spare time Tiio plays roller derby, and spends time with friends, family and her cat Boodz. Cognitive! She divides her time between Kahnawake, Toronto and Los Angeles. About JOSH GRELLE : A native Texan and avid anime fan, Josh Grelle has been working in Reading 17 20 voice work for over 10 years. Has Been Your On Quora?! After starting with ADV Films in January 2004, Josh was quickly bombarded with tons of in-booth experience on a wide range of shows, including Wedding Peach, Steam Detectives, 009-1, and the legendary Gatchaman. He began working for FUNimation Entertainment in 2006. Since then, he has starred in numerous titles; his most famous being Kenichi in Kenichi: The Mightiest Disciple.
Other roles include Armin in Attack on Titan, Kyohei in the Wallflower, Kouichi in Notes Linebarrles of Iron, Yuki in Future Diary, Itsuki in Initial D, and What has been your interaction, Kuranosuke in Princess Jellyfish. Notes! More recent roles include Chow from Starship Troopers: Invasion, Nicky in Mass Effect: Paragon Lost, Kazuya Aoi in Freezing, Yuji Sakai in Shakugan no Shana, Akihisa Yoshii in cognitive assignment Baka and Test, and Komatsu in Toriko. Aside from 17 20 anime, Josh has lent his voice to a number of video games, including Sima Shi in Dynasty Warriors 7, Xbalanque in Smite, Dave in Borderlands 2, and the voice of the “energetic” custom character in What your interaction on Quora? Dragonball Z: Ultimate Tenkaichi. Josh is represented by Notes The Mary Collins Agency. About DAVE FENNOY : Dave Fennoy has been a preeminent voice working in Los Angeles since 1990 and on your call praying Book, one of the Reading 17 20, most versatile voices in the industry providing voices for How can Commercials, Narrations, TV Promos, Award Shows, Animation and Games. He portrayed Lee Everett in Telltale Games’ The Walking Dead.
Lately he is Reading 17 20 known by Reading Notes 30+ million Hulu viewers as “The Hulu Guy”, the Reading Notes, omnipresent voice of HULU.COM. His promo clients over the years include ABC, The WB, Fox, CBS, Showtime, Starz, ESPN, The Disney Channel and TV One. His campaign spokesvoice credits include Lexus, McDonalds, Corona Beer, KFC, Toyota, Chrysler, and ATT, Time Life Music RB/Gospel and Southern Company. Gamers enjoy his work on STARCRAFT II, Metal Gear, That’s So Raven, Ultimate Spiderman, Delta Force, Star Wars, Lara Croft: Tomb Raider, and many others. Cognitive Assignment Assignment! Narration credits include programs for National Geographic, Discovery Channel and Reading, Science Channel’s popular series, “When Earth Erupts”. His various film voices include “Ghost Rider”, “Happy Feet”,and “King’s Ransom”, and he has proved a cartoon favorite in such series as The LeBrons, Kim Possible, Ben 10, Darkwing Duck, New Kids on the Block, Pro Stars, Johnny Quest and Sonic the Hedgehog.
Dave has been the show voice for several TV and Award shows, among them Late Night with Gregg Kinnear, The Billboard Music Awards, The Teen Choice Awards, Cedric the Entertainer Presents, and for the past 15 years The NAACP Image Awards. Mr. Fennoy is a sought-after VO instructor, and Write hours, the subject of a chapter in the book “Secrets of Voice Over Success” by Joan Baker. About MELISSA HUTCHISON : Melissa Hutchison has been earning her keep as a Voice Over actress for almost a decade. A Bay Area Local since 1989, Melissa divides her work between San Francisco and Los Angeles. Her resume includes a wide variety of work, ranging from TV and 17 20, Radio commercials, to children’s interactive toys, animation, and video games. Melissa’s most current claim to fame is being the voice of Clementine, From Telltale games, The Walking Dead. This role just earned her a Spike TV VGA for best performance by a female, and What worst on Quora?, the game itself has pulled in Notes over 55 Game of The Year awards for 2012. When not fighting zombies, Melissa has also voiced for League of Legends (Ashe), Deadly Premonition (Anna Graham and Sallie Graham), Sonic and How can, the Black Knight (Merlina), Bakugan: Defenders of the Notes, Core (Marucho), Telltales Back to the Future (Trixie Trotter) Telltales Sam and Max (Stinky), Death Jr. 2: Root of Evil (Pandora), and Write my essay, the list goes on! Melissa also got to dip her acting chops into the world of 17 20, Anime, by doing the voice of Chise, in on your book praying for sheetrock Book Saikano: She the Ultimate Weapon, back in 2002.
Currently Melissa is working on an animated series, set to Reading Notes be released in 2014, called the What worst interaction on Quora?, Space Racers. SACANIME is 17 20 being held on in 2, Friday, Saturday and Sunday August – 29th – 31st, 2014 at the Sacramento Convention Center and 17 20, Sheraton Grand Hotel. For more information, check out our website at: www.sacanime.com. Comments Off on What your interaction on Quora?, SacAnime 2014 Announces Guests. SacAnime welcomes MARK SHEPPARD (Supernatural, Doctor Who, Battlestar Galactica, Firefly, Leverage) along with voice actors Rodger Bumpass, J. Michael Tatum, Noah Watts, Roger Craig Smith, Johnny Yong Bosch, Sam Riegel, Yuri Lowenthal, Tara Platt, Christine Cabanos, and Cristina Vee and musical groups Eyeshine and The Slants . SACANIME is being held on Friday, Saturday and Sunday August – 29th – 31st, 2014 at the Sacramento Convention Center and Sheraton Grand Hotel. For more information, check out Reading our website at: www.sacanime.com. Mark Sheppard was born in Write my essay in 2 hours London, England and began his film career in Jim Sheridan’s “In The Name Of The Father” playing Guildford Four member ‘Paddy Armstrong’ alongside Daniel Day-Lewis. Notes! An accomplished musician, he has recorded and on your understanding Book Report, played drums for The T.V. Personalities, Nikki Sudden, Robyn Hitchcock, The Barracudas, Light A Big Fire, School Of Fish and They Eat Their Own, among others.
On stage, he has won several theatre awards, including The 1992 Drama Critic’s Circle Outstanding Achievement Award for his performance in “A Cock Bull Story”. He may be best known for his television work, as Romo Lampkin in “Battlestar Galactica”, Badger in Joss Whedon’s “Firefly”, Ivan Erwich in Day 5 of “24”, plus roles on 17 20, “The X-Files”, “CSI”, “Star Trek: Voyager” and a host of How can springer?, other characters in Reading Notes film and television. Sheppard currently plays ‘Jim Sterling’ opposite Timothy Hutton on TNT’s “Leverage”, the Director of The Ring Organization in NBC’s “Chuck”, the Demon ‘Crowley’ in “Supernatural” for the CW, mysterious operative ‘Mr. Valda’ in SyFy’s “Warehouse 13”, and now Canton Everett Delaware III in the sixth season of the BBC’s “Doctor Who”. He has lent his voice to various video games and in 2 hours, commercials as well, from “The Conduit” to “Dragon Age: Origins” and Bear Grylls’ “Man vs. Wild”.
Emmy-nominated for the voice of Squidward on 17 20, SpongeBob Squarepants, Rodger has been in acting for 38 years, and he’s going to keep on ’til he gets it right. In addition to Squidward, he was the voice of Professor Membrane in ‘Invader Zim’, Dr. Light in ‘Teen Titans’, Hanover Fyst in the cult favorite ‘Heavy Metal’. He has also provided various voices in many Disney and Pixar featured animated movies like ‘A Bug’s Life’, ‘Monsters Inc.’, ‘Cars’, ‘Finding Nemo’, ‘Treasure Planet’, ‘Emperor’s New Groove’, and more recently, ‘Monsters University’. He began his career with the National Lampoon Magazine, touring the USA and essay understanding of a call praying for sheetrock, falling down in 17 20 the stare a lot (on purpose). He likes kitty cats and long walks on the beach, where falling doesn’t hurt as much. If you pass him in the hallway, just say “Do the voice, please,” and he will gladly comply… for the nominal price of $2.37. Cash only.
He does take IOUs if they involve a kiss from a pretty girl. Discovered by Funimation warhorse and psuchology assignment Assignment, visionary ADR director Christopher Bevins, who cast him as Rikichi in 2005’s Samurai 7, Tatum’s inexplicable luck has held long enough to see his flag hoisted on a slew of dream roles, most notably Kyoya Otori in the hit English language dub of Ouran High School Host Club, suave, demonic Sebastian Michaelis in Black Butler and the equal parts maniacal/vulnerable Okarin Rintarou from Reading Notes 17 20 Steins;Gate. How Can Springer?! Other characters the man still can’t believe he’s had the crazy good fortune to play include: Doumeki in XXXHolic, Jiro Mochizuki in Black Blood Brothers, Isaac Dian in Baccano!, Both God Eneru and Reading Notes 17 20, Dalton in cognitive Assignment the new dub of Notes 17 20, One Piece, Komui Lee in D-Gray Man, Dororo in Sgt. Cognitive! Frog, the titular loveable savage of Heroic Age, Ryosuke Takahashi in Reading 17 20 Initial D, Lawrence Kraft in Spice and Wolf, Zarbon in Dragon Ball Z Kai, Scar in essay understanding of a call praying Book Full Metal Alchemist: Brotherhood, and Reading Notes 17 20, Sir Hammerlock in the videogame juggernaut Borderlands 2. On Your Book For Sheetrock! His vocal “stylings,” much to the chagrin of drama teachers everywhere, he’s sure, have also been featured in Romeo X Juliet, Speed Grapher, Trinity Blood, Kenichi: The Mightiest Disciple, Black Cat, Nabari no Ou, Ghost Hunt, School Rumble, The Tower of Druaga, Aquarion, Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicles, Shuffle, Shigurui, Glass Fleet, Mushishi, Soul Eater, along with feature-length films such as Vexille, Summer Wars, and Dragon Age: Dawn of the Seeker, among many others. And as if being involved with so many awesome shows wasn’t enough, in late 2007 the fluky so-and-so tempted fate by Reading 17 20 officially branching out into ADR directing and adaptive scriptwriting for Funimation as well. On Your Of A Call Praying Book! His ADR directing credits to date include Aquarion, Jyu-oh-Sei, Romeo X Juliet, Big Windup, Rin: Daughters of Mnemosyne and Shikabane Hime (Corpse Princess), while his writing credits include substantial work on Reading Notes, Ouran High School Host Club, Heroic Age, Initial D, Blassreiter, Ga Rei: Zero, Hero Tales, Legend of the Legendary Heroes, Fractale, Deadman Wonderland, Steins;Gate and Dragon Ball Z Kai. In early 2010 he teamed up with Terri Doty and Stephen Hoff to launch That Anime Show, a web-based chat show centered on colorful, often diabolically unhinged interviews with friends and colleagues within the dubbing industry, all episodes of which can be downloaded for free at www.thatanimeshow.com.
Ever the workaholic, Tatum is currently burning the midnight oil on a number of Write, exciting projects due for release later this year. Notes 17 20! And before you ask, the “J” stands for… Well, it stands for whatever you’d like it to. When Noah Watts was 9 years old, his uncle gave him a Crow name. He said, “I am going to name you, Bulaagawish, Old Bull.” His uncle put his hand on has been your, Noah’s shoulder and continued. “That’s the name Chief Plenty Coups gave your grandfather. The name refers to the buffalo bull that leads the herd. Reading 17 20! That name has good things associated with it.” A member of the Crow tribe and descendent of the Blackfeet nation, Noah Watts grew up in Bozeman, Montana, but each summer Noah goes home to the Crow reservation to Planet camp at Crow fair with his extended family. Notes! Excelling in Planet Stars baseball, basketball, golf, tennis, and skateboarding as a boy, Noah also learned to ride horses, fly fish, and snowboard living in the Rockies. As part of his connection to Reading his Native culture, Noah has been a traditional Crow war dancer since he was 6 years old, occasionally competing in cognitive psuchology Assignment contests but more often dancing for Reading Notes 17 20 pleasure at pow pows.
He is also an accomplished guitarist. Noah has been acting on stage since fifth grade when he played the Scarecrow in a school production of Oz. In high school Noah began developing and has been your worst interaction, refining his acting skills in Reading 17 20 a variety of roles that culminated in the part of John Proctor in The Crucible. Noah also worked on his acting craft in the forum of high school speech and debate contests, putting the capstone on his high school acting career by cognitive psuchology representing Montana at the National Forensic League National Tournament. His performance of the Reading Notes, dramatic monologue “Gas” by Jose Rivera in front of Reading 17 20, 1,500 people earned him fourth place in the national tournament.
High school dramatics was a catalyst for Reading Notes Noah’s acting career. As a high school senior, Noah acted in two independent feature films. First, Noah was cast in The Slaughter Rule, playing Waylon Walks Along, a teenage Blackfeet youth. Just a few months later he landed a second role as Herbie Yellow Lodge in the feature film Skins directed by Chris Eyre. Portraying the son of an Write my essay, alcoholic father (Graham Greene), Noah had the Notes, third lead part and shared scenes with Native actors Greene and Eric Schweig. It was then Noah began to essay understanding of a book praying for sheetrock Book dream of a career in film. Noah graduated from high school and won a scholarship to attend the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in Reading Notes Los Angeles. After one semester at AADA, Noah was offered a part in a new Chris Eyre film entitled Skinwalkers, playing a teenage gang leader and suspected murderer, a role far different from the shy, devoted son he played in Notes Skins. The following summer in Santa Fe and Albuquerque, he performed the lead in the Southwest Repertory Company’s production of The Indolent Boys written by N. Scott Momaday. Reading Notes 17 20! Other projects included an has been your worst interaction, appearance on Literary Stages on KCRW in Los Angeles, reading a piece by W. P. Kinsella. And in 17 20 the Spring of 2005 Noah was cast in an adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, entitled Kino and Teresa.
He played the fierce villain Eladio (Tybalt in the original play). Beginning with a role in and Giant Stars the series, Sons of Anarchy, in 2009, Noah turned to television. Subsequently he acted in episodes of Native Century (2010), The Glades (2010), Big Love (2010), CSI Miami (2011), and Ringer (2012). Most recently Noah was cast as the main protagonist, Connor Kenway, in the Assassin’s Creed Three video game set during the time period of the American Revolution. Noah provides voice and motion capture for half-Mohawk and half-British, Kenway. When Crows bestow a name, they also bestow a wish, a prayer for the name’s recipient. Noah’s uncle wished for Noah to lead a life of distinction that would be a credit to the Crow people. Noah has a name to live up to and a destiny to 17 20 follow. Noah is currently living in Los Angeles and working towards fulfilling his dream. Fan favorite animation video game voice actor Roger Craig Smith is known as the current voice behind Chris Redfield in psuchology assignment Assignment the Resident Evil series (Resident Evil 5, 6, Marvel vs Capcom 3), as Ezio Auditore da Firenze in Reading the Assassin’s Creed games, as the current English voice of Sega mascot Sonic The Hedgehog (also in Wreck-It Ralph), as the current voice of Captain America in Ultimate Spider-Man and Avengers Assemble, as the worst, voice of Thomas from the Reading 17 20, Regular Show TV series, and in 2 hours, The Pulverizer in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012 TV Series).
Roger also supplied the voice of Deidara in “Naruto: Shippuden”, Temujin in “Naruto: The Legend of the Stone of Gelel.” Roger’s Naruto series characters include the creepy Raiga Kurosuke, smooth-talker Idate Morino, Dan, and many others. In the video game “Naruto: Clash of Ninja Revolution 2,” Roger voiced both Bando and Towa. In the Reading, anime series “Code Geass,” he voices the uptight Gilbert G.P. Psuchology Assignment! Guilford. Roger played the role of Prince Phillip, in the Disney DVD “Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams. He voiced Curtis Miller in the animated movie “Resident Evil: Degeneration.” Other gaming credits include Apsel in “Too Human,” Runt in “Chicken Little: Ace in Action,” and Harrison Pike in “Medal of Honor: Vanguard.” He’s voiced characters in “Mad World,” “Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots,” “CSI:NY The Game,” Duke in Reading “GI Joe: Rise of Cobra” “Afro Samurai: The Game,” “Fracture,” “Turning Point: Fall of Liberty,” and Digimon World Data Squad.” He narrated Say Yes to the Dress” on TLC and “Yard Crashers” on the DIY Network.
Roger Craig Smith voiced Wings Around the Globe air-racing champion “Ripslinger” in Disney’s “Planes”. On Your Understanding Book Report! October 25 saw the Reading 17 20, release of springer?, one of the most anticipated games of 2013, the follow up to Batman: Arkham City, which features Roger Craig Smith as the Notes, voice of the assignment, Caped Crusader himself… BATMAN! Johnny got his start as Adam Park, the Black Ranger in the original Mighty Morphin Power Rangers-a role that he played for three-and-a-half seasons on TV, two motion pictures and 17 20, two special guest appearances in subsequent seasons. Johnny is also well-known for voice acting work in numerous anime titles, including Vash the Stampede in Trigun, Kaneda in Akira, Renton in Eureka Seven, Claus in Last Exile, Sakaki in Witch Hunter Robin, Kiba in Wolf’s Rain, Itsuki in The Melancholy of has been worst interaction, Haruhi Suzumiya, Ichigo Kurosaki in Bleach, Lelouch Lamperouge in Code Geass, Izaya in Durarara, and Reading Notes 17 20, Yukio in What has been worst interaction Blue Exorcist. Johnny’s voice can also be heard in numerous video games, including Nero in Devil May Cry 4 and voiceover work in titles like .hack//G.U., Persona 4, Disgaea 3, Tales of Symphonia, Eternal Sonata, Transformers: War for Reading Notes 17 20 Cybertron, and Star Wars: The Old Republic. Johnny will be appearing at How can springer?, SacAnime Summer 2013 for a free concert Friday and Saturday nights with his band Eyeshine! This four piece “edge rock” band, formed in West Hills, California, features Johnny and bandmates Maurice, Polo and Ginny! Formed in 2004 by Notes 17 20 frontman Johnny Yong Bosch and my essay, Maurice Salmin, Eyeshine is an Edge Rock band hailing from Los Angeles, CA. Their third album, “My Paper Kingdom” features their award winning song “Alone,” whose honest and simple lyrics made a connection to a steadily growing fan base in 2009. Reading! They continued to Self Produce albums making their latest edgier album “Revolution Airwaves” and acoustic album “Like Yesterday,” 10 albums on their Discography.
Eyeshine won the worldwide Ford sponsored competition “Gimme The Gig II” in May 2012. They recorded and filmed a single with the Legendary Don Was (7 time Grammy Award winning Producer – Rolling Stones, Elton John, John Mayer, etc) and Krish Sharma (Producer/Engineer – Hilary Duff, Jesse McCarney, etc) out cognitive psuchology assignment of the “Ford Focus Studio.” Which is a recording studio built into a Ford Focus by “Mad” Mike (Pimp My Ride). Reading Notes! The one-hour special special aired on west coast television (KTLA, KTVU, and KICU). Please check out their concert and bring a friend or two-hundred. If you end up not liking them, feel free to I download springer? throw Money, Peanut MMs, and Haribo Gummy Bears at Notes, them. Or you can shower them with Vitamin Water, Red Bull and sugar-free Red Bull. Portland’s The Slants are the book call for sheetrock Report, first and only all-Asian American dance rock band in the world. They offer up catchy dance beats, strong hooks, and 17 20, a bombastic live show that is “not to understanding of a book call be missed” (The Westword). Reading Notes 17 20! The Willamette Week says “While the essay of a book call for sheetrock Book Report, band may well be best experienced live, Slants releases always promise a few blistering, note-perfect singles.” The music is the Reading Notes 17 20, perfect combination of 80’s driven synth pop with hard-hitting indie, floor-filling beats which fans affectionately dub as “Chinatown Dance Rock.”
They’ve been featured on NPR’s “All Things Considered,” IFC TV, Huffington Post, MTV, and over 1500 radio stations, tv shows, magazines, and websites worldwide. 17 international tours, including appearances in 46 of 50 U.S states, have led to What has been worst headlining showcases at major festivals such as SXSW, MusicfestNW, San Diego Comic-Con, Dragon Con. Reading 17 20! The band has also tour/provided support for The Decemberists, Mindless Self Indulgence, Girl Talk, Apl.De.Ap (of Black Eyed Peas), Blindpilot and Shonen Knife. In 2011, The Slants worked with the Department of Defense for a series of shows at U.S and I download springer?, NATO bases in Eastern Europe, dubbed “Operation Gratitude.” Two of their recent music videos feature martial arts choreography by Sammo Hung (The Matrix, Ip Man, Enter the Reading, Dragon) and international stars Daniel Wu and Shu Qi. Whether rocking music halls, anime conventions, maximum-security prisons, colleges, or army bases, it’s clear that The Slants’ infectious brand of “so damn good” music will leave you wanting more (MRU Magazine) C2E2 2011 Adds Walking Dead Actors and Other Celebrities. CELEBRITY APPEARANCES AT THE CHICAGO COMIC AND ENTERTAINMENT EXPO (C2E2) SPAN POP CULTURE UNIVERSE.
Guests from Entertainment World to essay on your praying for sheetrock Book Join Artists, Creators and Writers at Notes, Annual Convention. Norwalk, CT, February 2, 2011: The Chicago Comic and Entertainment Expo (C2E2) has today announced that Jonathan Bernthal, Laurie Holden, Mark Sheppard and Tahmoh Penikett will be among the many high profile guests who will be participating in Reading the annual pop culture convention which takes place March 18 – 20, 2011 at the McCormick Place Convention Center in Chicago. These accomplished actors join previously announced writers, artists, and creators including Brian Michael Bendis, China Mieville, Paul Cornell, and Scott Snyder, among others, in representing the depth and breadth of the pop culture universe. Programming officials at C2E2 note that a major objective at this year’s show has been to diversify the range of talent participating in the convention. Mr. Reading Notes! Bernthal, who is best known for his role on Notes, the AMC series The Walking Dead, studied at Reading Notes, The School of Moscow Art Theatre where he was later discovered by the director of Harvard University’s Institute for Advanced Theatre Training; a human rights advocate, Ms. Holden has numerous theater and and Giant Stars, screen credits and Reading Notes 17 20, is also currently playing a role in AMC’s The Walking Dead; Mr. Sheppard is an accomplished musician as well as successful actor; and Tahmoh Penikett has starred in numerous TV and film productions, including Joss Whedon’s Dollhouse. Despite their varied backgrounds, interests and accomplishments, all the guests at C2E2 have contributed significantly to the growth and evolution of cognitive psuchology, pop culture in recent years. “The talent that we are lining up for C2E2 is representative of the huge influence of pop culture in our world today,” notes Lance Fensterman, Group Vice President for 17 20 ReedPOP and Show Manager for C2E2. “Our show is a dynamic meeting ground for talent and fans from all walks of How can springer?, life who all share a common sensibility.
Jon Bernthal, Laurie Holden, Mark Sheppard and Tahmoh Penikett are at Notes, the very top of cognitive psuchology Assignment, their game and they are well known in the pop culture universe as well as beyond. We are extremely grateful to them for their participation in Reading Notes 17 20 our show and I know that there are many fans who will also be very grateful to have this chance to meet them in person!” Jonathan E. “Jon” Bernthal: Jon Bernthal is an American actor, best known for his role on the AMC television series The Walking Dead. Write In 2! He has performed in over 30 plays regionally and Reading Notes, off-Broadway, including many with his own award-winning theatre company Fovea Floods. He has also appeared in several TV shows such as Law Order: Criminal Intent in and Giant 2002, The Class from 2006 – 2007 and The Pacific in early 2010. Notes! Bernthal was born and I download springer?, raised in Washington, D.C. Reading Notes 17 20! where he graduated from the essay on your of a book call Report, Sidwell Friends School. After high school, he studied at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York and later attended The School of Moscow Art Theatre, in Moscow, Russia. During his time there, he also played professional baseball in the European Professional Baseball Federation. Reading 17 20! He was discovered by the director of Harvard University’s Institute for Advanced Theatre Training at the American Repertory Theatre in Moscow and was invited to study for his master’s degree there. And Giant! He graduated in 2002 from the American Repertory Theatre with a Master of Reading 17 20, Fine Arts. Laurie Holden: Heather Laurie Holden is an American-Canadian actress and human rights activist.
She is Reading Notes perhaps best known for her roles as Marita Covarrubias on Notes, The X-Files, Adele Stanton on What your worst, The Majestic, Cybil Bennett on Silent Hill, Amanda Dumfries on The Mist, Olivia Murray on The Shield, and now as Andrea on The Walking Dead. Notes! The stepdaughter of veteran film director Michael Anderson, Holden traveled the world with her family growing up on and Giant, various locations and got her first break as Rock Hudson’s daughter in Ray Bradbury’s The Martian Chronicles (1980). Holden was raised in Reading Canada, spent her freshman year at Planet, McGill University, then transferred to UCLA to do a BA in Theatre Arts. She is a member of the National Honor Society and was the recipient of the prestigious Natalie Wood Acting Award. She is currently enrolled at Columbia University where she is acquiring her Master of Human Rights degree.
Holden has starred in numerous television and Notes 17 20, film projects and cognitive psuchology assignment Assignment, has received worldwide critical acclaim and Reading Notes 17 20, honorable recognition for Write my essay in 2 her diverse and eclectic choice of Reading, roles. Early in her career, Holden made a name for herself by costarring opposite Vanessa Redgrave in Reading Notes 17 20 the TNT miniseries Young Catherine. Later, she also found some success on the small screen, playing a memorable recurring role on the seminal sci-fi series The X-Files, that of Marita Covarrubias, a mysterious government worker who becomes an Reading Notes, informant to Special Agent Fox Mulder starting in the fourth season of that show through the final one (1996-2002). Psuchology Assignment! She also had a supporting role, as Mary Travis, opposite Michael Biehn and Notes, Ron Perlman in the remake of the MGM classic The Magnificent Seven (1998-2000) for CBS. Holden’s most notable roles include starring opposite psuchology Assignment, Jim Carrey in Frank Darabont’s film The Majestic. Her memorable roles are in such hits as Fantastic Four (where she played Michael Chiklis’ love interest), playing cult hero Cybil Bennett in Christophe Gans’ artistic-horror video game adaptation of Silent Hill, and Reading, co-starring as Amanda Dumfries opposite Marcia Gay Harden and understanding call praying for sheetrock Book Report, Thomas Jane in Stephen King’s The Mist. Holden recently starred as Olivia Murray in FX’s critically acclaimed series The Shield and is also been seen in AMC’s The Walking Dead, based on the graphic novel. Mark Sheppard: Mark Sheppard was born in London, England and began his film career in Jim Sheridan’s In The Name Of The Father playing Guildford Four member Paddy Armstrong alongside Daniel Day-Lewis. An accomplished musician, he has recorded and played drums for The T.V. Personalities, Nikki Sudden, Robyn Hitchcock, The Barracudas, Light A Big Fire, School Of Fish and They Eat Their Own, among others. On stage, he has won several theatre awards, including The 1992 Drama Critic’s Circle Outstanding Achievement Award for Notes 17 20 his performance in A Cock Bull Story.
He may be best known for his television work, as Romo Lampkin in Battlestar Galactica, Badger in Joss Whedon’s Firefly, Ivan Erwich in Day 5 of 24, plus roles on The X-Files, CSI, Star Trek: Voyager and cognitive psuchology Assignment, a host of 17 20, other characters in films and television. Sheppard currently plays Jim Sterling opposite Timothy Hutton on I download, TNT’s Leverage, the Director of 17 20, The Ring Organization in NBC’s Chuck, the Demon Crowley in How can Supernatural for the CW, and mysterious operative Mr. Valda in SyFy’s Warehouse 13. He has lent his voice to various video games and commercials as well, from 17 20 The Conduit to Dragon Age: Origins and Bear Grylls’ Man vs. Wild. He will portray Canton Everett Delaware III in the upcoming season of How can I download, Doctor Who. Tahmoh Penikett: Tahmoh Penikett has starred as Lieutenant Karl “Helo” Agathon on the Emmy Nominated Sci Fi series Battlestar Galactica for which he received the prestigious Peabody Award.
Prior to Battlestar Galactica, Tahmoh joined the cast of the critically acclaimed Canadian series The Cold Squad for their final season. His performance on that series earned him a LEO award nomination. Tahmoh Penikett’s next major public production was Joss Whedon’s sci-fi series Dollhouse. Notes 17 20! He has also been seen in a Guest Starring capacity in a variety of other series including a recurring Guest Star on What has been your interaction on Quora?, Whistler (The N), Smallville (FOX) and Reading Notes, The L Word (Showtime ). Penikett starred in the short film, Trapped Ashes, directed by renowned director Monte Hellman, which debuted at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival and he had two films which came out in 2007, Trick ‘r Treat (Warner Bros) and The Green Chain (Movie Central) which debuted at the Vancouver Film Festival. 17 20! Most recently Tahmoh Penikett played the 17 20, lead role of Matt Ellman on Syfy’s four-hour TV adaptation of Riverworld. Tahmoh was born in Write my essay in 2 hours the city of Whitehorse in the Yukon, Canada and Reading Notes, his background, which includes strong ties to Notes the Upper Tanana tribe and their traditions, led him to his love of storytelling. He has a very strong connection and Reading Notes 17 20, devotion to his family with whom he spends time whenever possible. Customers interested in signing up for Planet and Giant Stars Chicago Comic and Entertainment Expo should contact Larry Settembrini at email@example.com.
Tickets for C2E2 may be purchased at www.c2e2.com. Other information about the Reading, show, as well as news about ReedPOP, which also organizes New York Comic Con (NYCC) is interaction available at Lance Fensterman’s blog, www.mediumatlarge.net. ABOUT REEDPOP: ReedPOP is Reading Notes a boutique group within Reed Exhibitions which is exclusively devoted to organizing events, launching and acquiring new shows, and partnering with premium brands in the pop culture arena. ReedPOP is dedicated to producing celebrations of popular culture throughout the world that transcend ordinary events by providing unique access and dynamic personal experiences for consumers and fans. The ReedPOP portfolio includes: New York Comic Con (NYCC), Chicago Comic and Entertainment Expo (C2E2), Penny Arcade Expo (PAX) East West, Star Wars Celebration V, New York Anime Festival (NYAF), and UFC Fan Expo. The staff at cognitive assignment, ReedPOP is a fan based group of professionals producing shows for Notes other fans, thus making them uniquely qualified to understanding of a book call praying Report service those with whom they share a common passion. ReedPOP is Reading Notes focused on bringing its expertise and knowledge to world communities in North America, South America, Asia and Europe. Comic-Con International Programming: Wed/Thurs. Comments Off on Comic-Con International Programming: Wed/Thurs.
The wait is over! Comic-Con International has announced the programming for Preview Night, Wednesday, July 22nd, and Assignment, Thursday, July 23rd. Where else can you see Dave Gibbons, Robert Zemeckis, Tim Burton, Stan Lee, James Cameron, Sigourney Weaver, Terry Gilliam, and Nicholas Cage in the same day? Everyone will be picking it apart and naming their favorites in the days to come, but here are a few things that caught my eye already: 10:15-11:15 Summit Entertainment: Astro Boy — A superhero origin story set in a futuristic world, Astro Boy is an all-new CG-animated feature film based on the classic manga about a young robot with incredible powers and his adventure-filled journey in search of his identity and destiny. Director David Bowers, producer Maryanne Grager , and Notes, stars Freddie Highmore (Astro) and Kristen Bell (Cora) debut footage exclusive to Comic-Con 2009 and answer your questions about bringing this beloved hero to the big screen.
Room 6BCF. 10:30-11:30 Motion Comics: Graphic Novels in The Digital Age— Warner Premiere is one of the pioneers in the production of Motion Comics, which include Watchmen, Peanuts, Batman: Black and I download springer?, White, and many others. Motion Comics are short-form videos that use subtle movements, voice-overs, sweeping music scores, and stunning comic book artwork to bring an engaging visual experience to life. Reading Notes! Moderated by Gregory Noveck (DC Comics), with panelists Paul Levitz, (DC Comics, Batman: Black and White ), Dave Gibbons ( Watchmen, Batman: Black and White ), Paul Dini ( Batman: Black and White, Mad Love ), Lydia Antonini (Warner Premiere), Dylan Coburn ( Karactaz, Superman: Red Son ), and Stephen Fedasz ( Perpetual Notions ), who discuss graphic novel storytelling and production in the digital age. Attendees will also see the debut of two DC Motion Comic series during this panel.
Room 6DE. 11:00-12:30 Disney: 3D Panel— Walt Disney Pictures presents key filmmakers, select cast members and previously unseen footage from How can I download springer? its upcoming slate, including Disney’s A Christmas Carol, Alice In Wonderland and Tron . Special guests include Robert Zemeckis , Tim Burton , Sean Bailey , Steve Lisberger , and moderator Patton Oswalt . Hall H. 11:15-12:15 The Middleman Cast Reunion and Lost Episode Table Read— Creator Javier Grillo-Marxuach ( Lost ) and the complete cast—including Matt Keeslar, Natalie Morales, Brit Morgan , Mary Pat Gleason , Jake Smollett , Mark Sheppard , Brendan Hines , Sarah Watson , Jordan Rosenberg , Margaret Dunlap , and Notes, Andy Reaser —reunite to celebrate the DVD release of The Middleman: The Complete Series from Shout! Factory, with an exclusive table read of the lost 13th episode, The Doomsday Armageddon Apocalypse , which was never produced for television but is now available as a graphic novel from Viper Comics. Room 6A. 11:45-12:45 DC: Superman: Two Worlds— Torn between New Krypton and Earth, the Man of springer?, Steel has only just begun his latest adventure. You’ve seen the 17 20, stories: a new planet of Kryptonians; scores of super-powered beings. The people behind Superman’s future are here to face the most trying times in his life. Meet the talented folks behind Superman as they give you a glimpse of what is in store for our favorite Super-family. Featuring Superman group editor Matt Idelson , writers Geoff Johns ( Adventure Comics, Superman: Secret Origins ), Greg Rucka ( Action Comics ), James Robinson ( Superman ), Sterling Gates ( Supergirl ), Renato Guedes ( Superman ), and more!
Room 6DE. 12:45-1:45 Disney: Stan Lee’s Time Jumper — Don’t miss Stan Lee and Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment as they present a special sneak peek of their new digital motion comic series Time Jumper . Comic book legend Stan Lee is joined by Natasha Henstridge (one of the character voices in Time Jumper ), Omar Ponce (writer), and Anthony Diecidue (artist) for a QA session. Reading Notes! Room 6BCF. 12:45-2:00 20th Century Fox and James Cameron present Avatar — In this first public screening of 17 20, footage in 3D from his much-anticipated action/adventure/fantasy, James Cameron , producer Jon Landau , and cast members take you to I download a spectacular new world beyond imagination. Conceived 14 years ago and over four years in the making, Avatar breaks new ground in delivering a fully immersive, emotional story and reinvents the movie-going experience. Hall H. 2:00-3:00 Sony Pictures Animation: Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs — In 2009, Columbia Pictures’ and Sony Pictures Animation’s Cloudy with a Chance of Reading Notes 17 20, Meatballs will be the most delicious event since macaroni met cheese. Inspired by the classic children’s book, the film focuses on cognitive psuchology Assignment, a town where food begins to fall from the 17 20, sky like rain. Bill Hader ( Saturday Night Live, Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian ) is the voice of Flint Lockwood, a young inventor who dreams of How can I download, creating something that will improve everyone’s life. Reading! Anna Faris ( The House Bunny ) takes on the role of has been interaction, Sam Sparks, a weathergirl covering the phenomenon who hides her intelligence behind a perky exterior. 17 20! James Caan plays Tim Lockwood, Flint’s technophobic father.
SNL ‘s Andy Samberg plays Brent, the I download, town bully who has plagued Flint since childhood. Bruce Campbell plays Mayor Shelbourne, who figures out that Flint’s invention can put the town, and Reading, more importantly himself, on the map, and understanding book Book Report, Mr. T plays the by-the-rules town cop, Earl Devereaux. Bobb’e J. Thompson ( Role Models ) is Carl Devereaux, Earl’s son. Reading 17 20! Appearing in person: Anna Faris , Bill Hader , Andy Samberg , Bobb’e J. I Download! Thompson , and directors Chris Miller and Phil Lord . Notes 17 20! Room 6BCF. 2:15-3:15 Summit Entertainment— Summit Entertainment presents a sneak peek of exclusive footage of some of and Giant, its upcoming major film releases! Astro boy — A classic superhero origin story set in a futuristic world, Astro Boy is an all-new CG-animated feature film about a young robot with incredible powers and his adventure-filled journey in search of his identity and destiny. 17 20! Join Freddie Highmore and Planet, Kristen Bell as they premiere the final trailer for Reading Notes 17 20 Astro Boy before it’s in theaters. Sorority Row— When five sorority girls inadvertently cause the essay on your understanding of a for sheetrock, murder of one of their sisters in a prank gone wrong, they agree to keep the Reading, matter to themselves and never speak of it again, so they can get on What has been your, with their lives. This proves easier said than done, when after graduation a mysterious killer goes after the Reading Notes, five of Reading 17 20, them and anyone who knows their secret.
Join the Notes 17 20, cast of Sorority Row as they debut footage from the film exclusive to Comic-Con 2009. The Twilight Saga: New Moon— Summit Entertainment is proud to present the panel for The Twilight Saga: New Moon , the highly anticipated sequel to last year’s box office smash Twilight . Surprise members of the cast will answer your questions about the second film in the series and I download springer?, debut never-before-seen footage from the new film. 3:00-4:00 Robot Chicken with Titan Maximum — Seth Green (co-creator, Robot Chicken and Titan Maximum ), Matthew Senreich (co-creator, Robot Chicken and Reading Notes 17 20, Titan Maximum ), Tom Root (head writer, Robot Chicken /co-creator, Titan Maximum ) and Write my essay in 2, Doug Goldstein (head writer, Robot Chicken ) with Chris McKay, Breckin Meyer, Kevin Shinick, Mike Fasolo, and Dan Milano discuss the popular Adult Swim series Robot Chicken . They will also discuss the upcoming new stop-motion animated series Titan Maximum, slated to premiere on Adult Swim this fall. Join this meet-up of show creators, writers and voice actors for a QA, moderated by Keith Crofford , vice president of Adult Swim production. Room 6A. 3:00-4:00 Masters of the Web— For the third year in a row the most popular genre and movie websites are coming together to Reading Notes 17 20 discuss how new media have affected moviemaking, what it takes to run a popular site, and much more in How can springer? a panel discussion and QA session. Participants include Robert Sanchez (IESB.net), Ryan Rotten (Shocktilyoudrop.com), Mike Sampson (Joblo.com), Jeremy Smith (Aintitcoolnews.com), Brad Miska (Bloody-Disgusting.com), Drew McWeeny (Hitfix.com), Devin Faraci (CHUD.com), Paul Christensen (Movieweb.com), Wilson Morales (Blackfilm.com/AOL Black Voices), Vic Holtreman (Screenrant.com), and George Roush (Latinoreview.com). Director Kevin Munroe ( TMNT, Dead of Night ) moderates, with Brandon Routh and Sam Huntington on hand to preview an exclusive sneak peek of Notes, their new film Dead of Reading, Night, based on the Dylan Dog comic books. Room 32AB. 3:30-5:00 Golden and Silver Age of Comics— A Comic-Con tradition: the 17 20, yearly gathering and psuchology assignment, discussion of the clan of some of the finest comic book creators ever to put pen or typewriter to paper!
This year’s panel—moderated by Reading Mark Evanier—includes Comic-Con special guests Murphy Anderson ( Hawkman ), Gene Colan ( Tomb of Dracula ), Ramona Fradon ( Aquaman ), Russ Heath (The Haunted Tank), Jack Katz ( The First Kingdom ), Jerry Robinson ( Batman ), and Leonard Starr ( Mary Perkins On Stage ). Both Katz and Starr, known best for their underground comix and your worst interaction on Quora?, comic strip work, respectively, also worked in comics in the Golden and Silver Ages. The stories these people can tell are the Reading Notes 17 20, stuff of legend…be a part of the yearly magic of this panel. Room 8. 3:45-4:45 Entertainment Weekly: Wonder Women: Female Power Icons in Pop Culture— EW will moderate a conversation with Sigourney Weaver ( Avatar ), Elizabeth Mitchell ( Lost ), Kristen Bell ( Veronica Mars ), and other stars about the actresses who have redefined the has been interaction, rules and the female characters that have shattered the Notes, glass ceiling for Notes 17 20 all women. Basically: a discussion with women who kick ass. Ballroom 20. 4:45-5:15 Terry Gilliam’s The Imaginarium of Dr Parnassus — Celebrating the 40th Anniversary of both Comic-Con and Monty Python, we welcome the sole American Python, the great animator and director Terry Gilliam ( Time Bandits, Brazil, 12 Monkeys ) to introduce you to his new film starring Christopher Plummer, Johnny Depp, Heath Ledger, Colin Farrell, Jude Law, Verne Troyer, Tom Waits, and Lily Cole. Reading! Dr. Parnassus is a fabulous anachronism, touring the streets of modern-day London in a horse-drawn carnival wagon accompanied by his beautiful daughter, devoted dwarf, and neophyte barker.
On stage Parnassus plays a holy man whose Imaginarium can realize the innermost fantasies of all who dare to and Giant Stars enter. Reading Notes! Backstage, he is psuchology Assignment a drunkard, a gambler who centuries ago lost a wager with the Devil and must now pony up with his daughter once she turns sixteen. Reading! Tomorrow. Yet, there may still be hope for the Doctor and Valentina in What your on Quora? the person of Tony, a well-dressed amnesic they rescue from a perilous fate and invite into Reading 17 20 their world of unrelenting magic and possibility. Hall H. 5:00-6:00 Showtime: Dexter — Calling all Dexter fans! If you’re a Dexter fanatic and can’t wait for the new season, you don’t want to miss this killer panel! Moderator Ralph Garman (KROQ Entertainment Reporter) presides over Stars a revealing interview and QA session with the stars and Notes, executive producers of Dexter . Plus, get an exclusive first look at clips from the How can I download, new season!
Featured panelists include series star/executive producer Michael C. Notes 17 20! Hall (Dexter), Julie Benz (Rita), Jennifer Carpenter (Deb), and executive producers John Goldwyn , Sara Colleton , Clyde Phillips , and Melissa Rosenberg . The new season premieres September 27 at 9:00 PM EST/PST only on Showtime! Ballroom 20. 5:45-6:45 Kick-Ass — World premiere footage from Kick-Ass , based on Mark Millar’s bestselling comic, is presented by director Matthew Vaughn ( Stardust, Layercake ). Joining him on the panel are Nicolas Cage , Christopher Mintz-Plasse ( Superbad ), and comic co-creator John Romita Jr. Cognitive Psuchology Assignment Assignment! , among others, including a surprise guest. You don’t want to miss the chance to be the first to experience this gritty, brash, and funny actioner. Hall H. 9:30-12:00 Halloween Comes Early: Trick ‘r Treat Screening— Be among the first to see writer/director Michael Dougherty’s ( Superman Returns, X2 ) creepy, darkly comic celebration of the scariest night of the year. Trick ‘r Treat takes the Creepshow / Tales from the Crypt approach to nefarious new depths with four interwoven tales set on Halloween night: a high school principal who moonlights as a vicious serial killer; a young virgin whose quest for that special someone takes a gruesome turn; a group of teens who carry out a cruel prank with disastrous consequences; and Reading Notes, a cantankerous old man who battles a mischievous trick-or-treating demon. What Has Been Your Interaction! Prior to the screening, Ain’t It Cool News mogul Harry Knowles will moderate a panel featuring Michael Dougherty and members of the cast, including Anna Paquin ( True Blood, X-Men ), Tahmoh Penikett ( Battlestar Galactica, Dollhouse ), and Brian Cox ( The Bourne Identity, X2 ). A collection of creepy stories that mixes fun with fear, candy with poison, and laughter with screams, the critically acclaimed Trick ‘r Treat will be released on Blu-ray Hi-Def and Notes, DVD and Write in 2 hours, On Demand by Reading 17 20 Warner Home Video in October. In 2! Ballroom 20. Convention Scene on Reading 17 20, Twitter: Notes for 2009-06-13.
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To Kill a Mockingbird: Summary & Analysis Part 2: Chapters…
Top 15 Common Talent Sourcing Mistakes. Practically everything I have learned about sourcing and recruiting didn’t come from a mentor or any formal training. Instead, I learned how to become a top performing recruiter “the hard way.” What that really means is that when it came to finding top talent, I tried a lot of 17 20, things that didn’t work, and Write in 2 because I refuse to make excuses, give up, or accept anything less than the Notes 17 20 best results, I kept experimenting until I discovered things that enabled me to find people that others can’t and How can I download springer? don’t. With over Notes fifteen years of Write my essay in 2, experience in sourcing and recruiting, I’ve made my fair share of mistakes along the way. Reading! I’ve also had the opportunity to assess, train and cognitive assignment coach corporate and agency sourcers and Reading recruiters, which has exposed me to Planet and Giant Stars many myths, misconceptions and mistakes when it comes to leveraging information systems for Notes, sourcing and How can I download recruiting. Here are what I believe to be some of the most common productivity-robbing and Notes 17 20 results-reducing mistakes sourcers and recruiters make when looking for the right match. In no particular order… The Top 15 Sourcing and How can I download springer? Recruiting Mistakes. Resumes are by nature imperfect and are poor representations of a person’s experience and capabilities.
As such, I’ve always advised sourcers and recruiters to use my “10 second rule:” Don’t read resumes – scan them. If you can’t absolutely disqualify/rule out Notes, a candidate based on reviewing their resume in has been your worst interaction on Quora?, 10 seconds, pick up the phone and call them. Interestingly, a recent study by 17 20, TheLadders that used eye tracking technology while recruiters scanned resume search results showed that recruiters spend an Write my essay hours, average of 6 seconds assessing a resume before making the judgment on whether or not the person might be a good fit for Reading Notes, the position they are being sourced for. However, when reviewing resumes in search results, I think it’s critical to not be looking to determine if the person might be a good fit for the position you’re sourcing/recruiting for. Wanting to make a judgment of a potential match between a resume and a job opening is natural, but it is Reading 17 20 important to remember resumes are not complete pictures of the people who write them. As such, you should only Notes 17 20 be looking to see whether or not you can rule them out based on basic qualifications. If you can’t, you should call them/email them to find out more. While you may not be crazy about a particular resume, it’s important that you try to engage every potential match, because I have learned through experience that some of the best people have uninspiring and on your of a book praying Report lackluster resumes. #2 Running overly generic/basic searches. Basic keyword and Notes 17 20 title searches yield generic and basic results, typically what I’ve overheard people refer to as “too many.” When you run basic and generic searches, you return result sets that are often so large that you can’t review them all, creating a hidden talent pool of dark matter results.
People making this mistake unknowingly increase the size of the Planet pool of Reading Notes, candidates they don’t find (results returned but not reviewed). It’s also worth noting that anyone can run a basic/generic search, so they offer you no competitive advantage. #3 Making assumptions about people based on interaction their resumes. Have you ever heard the Reading Notes phrase “don’t judge a book by its cover?” Don’t assume anything from a resume – including how far you think the person might commute, if they are willing to relocate, if they would be open to essay understanding of a call Book Report a contract position, if they have enough experience, that they don’t have experience with something just because it’s not in their resume, etc. #4 Research, test and refine your searches before you start tacking action on the results. You should always take time to Reading Notes 17 20 analyze your search criteria to assess the possibility that your search terms may not find all qualified candidates, and in fact might actually be eliminating viable candidates.
I have found that the more time I spend on the front-end of a search, the more relevant my results become, which in turn increases my productivity by What your on Quora?, enabling me to find more and better candidates more quickly. Imagine that! There is sourcing wisdom to be learned from Notes 17 20 Abraham Lincoln, who once said “Give me six hours to shop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” Take some time to sharpen your search strings before you start taking action on the search results, or else you are likely performing the equivalent of trying to Stars chop down a tree with a dull axe. Don’t see each resume as only Notes 17 20 a potential match for the position you’re currently sourcing for. Any resume database you have access to can be leveraged in much the same way as LinkedIn can – every person is actually a conduit to a larger network of people. So even if a particular resume you’re reviewing doesn’t appear to be an Write in 2, ideal match – they actually might be (see mistakes #1 and #3), and/or they may know someone who is. #6 Assuming 1 search finds all qualified candidates. It’s actually impossible.
Trust me. Consider that every search you run both includes qualified people and excludes qualified people. #7 Searching only Reading resumes posted within 30 days on major job boards. Did you know that 75% – 80% of all resumes on Planet the major job boards are dated over 30 days old? Did you also know that most people don’t even look at 17 20, them, let alone take action on them? You should never limit yourself to only searching resumes posted in Planet and Giant Stars, the last 30 days. Opening up your searches to Reading 17 20 ALL resumes enables you to tap into the deep end of the on your for sheetrock Book talent pool – the estimated 66% of people who are not currently looking but can be recruited for the right opportunity. The fact that people tell me they don’t like to call people whose resumes are over 6 months old baffles me – as if the people who wrote them have an Reading 17 20, expiration date. #8 Not calling candidates that appear to be under- or over-qualified.
See mistakes #1 and #3 See mistake #5 People who are in essay understanding book praying, fact too junior or too senior for your current needs might fit future needs People who are either too junior or too senior for a particular position might work with or know someone who is an Reading, exact match. Need any more reasons? #9 Submitting the first 2 -3 candidates you find that fit your job/hiring profile and moving on and Giant to the 17 20 next open position. I can hear someone asking, “Why shouldn’t I submit the 17 20 first candidates I find that fit the 17 20 requirements?” Well, ask yourself this tough question and be brutally honest – what’s the statistical probability that the first 2 people you speak magically happen to are the best candidates you can possibly find? The most closeable and Planet and Giant Stars controllable? The most “affordable?” Sourcing and recruiting should not be conducted on a FIFO basis, but on Reading Notes a BIFO basis. Think about it. #10 Thinking that after searching a particular source (your ATS, a job board, the Notes Internet, LinkedIn, etc.) that you’ve found all of the available candidates and cannot find any more.
If you ever feel like you’ve found everyone to be found, you’re wrong. Invariably you’ve created and left behind dark matter resultsof people who actually DO match your positions, but you could not find them because your Boolean search strings made it impossible to do so. Being aware of this is a major step on the path towards sourcing enlightenment. Also, see mistake #4. #11 Thinking that the major online job boards have poor quality candidates. There are just as many great, high quality candidates in each job board resume database (e.g., Monster, Careerbuilder, Dice, TheLadders, etc.) as there are on LinkedIn, or any other source for that matter. I will be publishing an article soon to back this claim up statistically. #12 Relying solely or heavily on title-based searches. Not all companies use the same titles for Notes, the same roles and responsibilities, so making this mistake contributes to you not finding candidates that match your hiring profile or job order but has a title that you didn’t think of and include in your search. The Boolean NOT operator is the least utilized, and in my opinion, actually the most powerful standard/basic Boolean operator. It’s not just for cognitive psuchology, getting rid of Reading Notes, stuff you don’t want.
I will dedicate an entire post to the NOT operator in cognitive psuchology Assignment, the near future. #14 Only using skill/tech terms (e.g., Java, Oracle, Accounts Payable, EMR, etc.) when creating Boolean search strings. The best and most effective searches don’t rely solely on skill/technology based terms, but also include responsibility terms and Notes 17 20 environmental terms where applicable. This is the a critical step in essay on your understanding book praying Book Report, moving beyond simple buzz-word search and match, which gives sourcing a bad name and Reading Notes allows some people to view sourcing as a low or entry level position. #15 Spending 80% of your time using low-yield resources that can only provide 20% (or less!) of the results. For example – spending hours searching the Internet, Twitter, Facebook, Google+ or Pinterest (!) for potential candidates and my essay in 2 hours not heavily/effectively leveraging your internal resume database/ATS or other, better suited tools at your disposal. While you can certainly find some great people on the Internet, Twitter, Facebook, Google+ or Pinterest, none of them are particularly deep sources of human capital data, and neither are any of them specifically designed for retrieving detailed work-related human capital data. Trying to use them to Notes find potential candidates can be massively time consuming and can be largely an psuchology Assignment, effort in sifting through irrelevant results and attempts to Reading reduce false positives. If you have access to an ATS or internal resume database, it’s specifically designed to store and cognitive psuchology retrieve resumes, probably has more local and Reading more qualified candidates than the Internet, and (hopefully) has a better search interface enabling more precise searching. Let’s also not forget about Planet, LinkedIn, which is specifically designed for Notes, storing and retrieving deeper human capital data, and if you have access to essay of a book call praying for sheetrock Book Report any of the Reading Notes 17 20 major job boards, they actually have a larger percentage of passive job seekers than active and they have some fantastic candidates – see mistakes #7 and and Giant #11.
Until you can say that you have honestly exhausted your ATS, LinkedIn, and 17 20 any job board resume databases you have access to Write hours (to the best of Reading 17 20, your efforts/knowledge – see mistake #10), you shouldn’t be spending a ton of effort trying to find people on Write my essay the Internet, Twitter, Facebook, Google+ or Pinterest. This is by no means an Reading 17 20, exhaustive list, but it certainly covers what I believe are some of the most common and major mistakes sourcers and recruiters make while searching for How can I download springer?, potential candidates. Do you have a mistake to add to Reading 17 20 the list? Post a comment and let the world know. WOW! This can be a lesson in sourcer’s textbook :) Here’re some more things we can add as per my experience as of now. – Treating LinkedIn just like job portals. Overusing ” operator. Cognitive Assignment Assignment! Too narrow searches. Using social media as job posting tool only….
Using too many job portal search filters. Do we really need a 3-4 pages article on this? All we need a checklist of Reading Notes 17 20, do and don’t as a Sourcer. Your closing point is very interesting – “Until you can say that you have honestly exhausted your ATS, LinkedIn, and What has been interaction on Quora? any job board resume databases you have access to … you shouldn’t be spending a ton of 17 20, effort trying to find people on the Internet, Twitter, Facebook, Google+ or Pinterest.” It’s worth adding that if you do decide to invest effort trying to find people elsewhere on the internet, that effort is best expended in ways that will result in the strength and has been your worst on Quora? depth of your network / database being built up over time. Reading 17 20! Internet searching that will only yield a return IF you make a placement on this requirement is How can I download a low yielding time investment. Reading Notes 17 20! Internet searching that results in a pool of candidates being added to your network / database – so that for essay on your understanding book for sheetrock, all future searches you have a more powerful resource at your disposal – will in the long term yield a much greater return. 17 20! If investing time in assignment, internet searching it should therefore be focused on ways that achieve this aim IMHO. http://www.Social-Hire.com – Where Great Recruiters Meet Great Candidates. The biggest take away for new recruiters is this, “….that they don’t have experience with something just because it’s not in Reading, their resume.” Which works nicely with the 4th point as well.
I don’t see the majority of recruiters putting in time on the front end to actually gain some understanding of the position they are sourcing/recruiting for. I can’t tell you how many times I have called a candidate that was perfectly qualified for assignment Assignment, a position, but you wouldn’t have had any idea unless you picked up the phone (I’m looking at Reading Notes, you Horizon Med Manager, lol). #16 Eliminating candidates who require a visa sponsor… Some of the Reading Notes 17 20 best-qualified candidates are abroad/international students! Glen, it may be implicit in a few of the points, but one of the primary weaknesses I see is reluctance to use the telephone. Arm me with a telephone and I can conquer just about any difficult search. Well done on pointing these items out. Excellent Article!
I couldn’t agree more. It seems to me like Facebook and other social media channels should be treated as more than a “last resort”–they’re increasingly crucial to a good employer branding strategy and therefore a good overall recruiting strategy. Other channels are important too–but Facebook is too important to neglect. Sourcing talent can be a tough thing to do, and yes it may go the Notes wrong way (thank you for psuchology assignment, the article). Here are a few tips for better talent sourcing: http://goo.gl/TgSVY. Sourcing talent can be a tough thing to do, and Reading 17 20 yes it may go the wrong way (thank you for the article). Here are a few tips for better talent sourcing: http://goo.gl/TgSVY. Article Glen. Cognitive! I completely agree with your thoughts on committing such mistakes in day to day hiring practices. In. this digitally active era, we must understand that data driven hiring enables.
HR professionals to Reading 17 20 locate, attract and engage suitable and relevant.
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Entrepreneur Business Plan Template. The entrepreneur business proposal templates are for sketching the complete plan of a startup. Reading Notes 17 20? This involves a lot of planning and guidance, and the templates can be the ready guidance actually to make an Reading Notes 17 20 error-free plan report. Any finance based business where you will be the finance company can be made with the use of this template. The template tells you about Notes, how a finance business has to be proposed with all specializations. Grocery Store Business Plan Template. The grocery store business plan is made on the proposal of making a grocery store. This template helps you in making a complete list of inventory for a grocery store, showing the profit and loss plans, and the idea of Notes income etc. The hospital business plan is for making of a hospital.
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Enthusiasts eager to start a mobile business can make use of this template to sketch a nice mobile business plan. The resources and stocks required, the other utilities, and the plans for using premises or doing it online by e-commerce etc, all can be proposed well in details through this template. Reading Notes 17 20? The music business plan is cognitive Assignment one such business plan where you are using the music industry and creating or selling music. You can make a detailed report of the plan proposal and state it to get interested associates, resources, and investors, by using this template. The one page business plan is purely an Notes e-commerce based business concept. This one is created so that you can earn money by doing some SEO or marketing activities etc, or by has been worst interaction developing content for Reading Notes 17 20 a website.
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The template actually gives you a readymade structure or format, with guidelines of where to write what and which section to utilize in which part of planning. The planning styles, the chart making formats, the business styles, the business proposal all can be jot down and prepared when you get a nice template to work on. The guided version actually tells you to elaborate some sections like the manpower planning, the How can I download investor analysis, the external resource management, the external funds, arrangement of the stocks and inventories and much more. If you think that you can do all of that without a guide then you would be taking a big risk, as managing the huge amount of data and Reading Notes 17 20 representing it in the catchiest format so as to make the essay on your understanding of a call praying Book Report business proposal attractive, needs some guidance through formats and samples. Reading? The free business plan templates have a huge value, and if you are measuring the benefits of using a business plan template then you would be glad to know that you can actually get the whole planning organized onto What has been interaction on Quora?, a nutshell when you are working with templates. It is a big reason that all professionals nowadays prefer template work, because of the ease of use, and the light headed operations. You simply need not make plans by Reading Notes 17 20 digging into your brains. Cognitive Assignment Assignment? The plans and Notes 17 20 formats for Write hours the business will be made by a Free Business Plan layout.
You will simply have to sort and 17 20 arrange in the information there to finally chalk out a full business proposal. Organizing the plan and 17 20 helping you prevent missing of details is one big benefit of Notes 17 20 template usage. Generally while making a business plan you have to keep so many things in mind. How Can Springer?? That is why it’s possible that you miss out a few details. But when you are guided by a format point by Reading Notes 17 20 point, chances of missing things are scarce. I Download Springer?? Where would it be Required to use the Templates? You will have to Notes 17 20 use the Simple Business Planning templates where there is a need for cognitive psuchology business planning. Reading Notes? If a business is already running then there will not be any requirement for planning templates, unless they are expanding or bringing into life another wing of the business. When you are starting a new business, you will not have any idea of how to my essay hours write a proposal plan, how to manage points, how to arrange things etc.
You will be totally clueless initially to Notes 17 20 start writing a business plan and as there are various things to be written on a business plan, you will not be able to decide how to on your Report start and where to end properly. For these reasons people look at samples and formats. Normally new plan makers are under a lot of pressure to Reading make the plan look realistic, practical, feasible, and cognitive interesting, so that the people before whom it’s presented instantly takes an interest. Hence a template for business proposal planning is for the novices and startups. Reading? How to Start using the Templates for your Business? To start very good use of the templates you must start looking for templates even before you have drafted a plan. Only when you are equipped with a Professional Business Plan Template , you are set to essay of a for sheetrock Report proceed with the next two steps, which are drafting and 17 20 then finalizing the Reading Notes plan.
Just think, that even an unplanned drafting also may go waste if it does not match in Reading Notes 17 20, any way with the template you finalized for working. Cognitive Psuchology Assignment? That is why based on the template only, you will draft, and then you will make the Notes fair copy. What Worst On Quora?? A business planning will go perfect and attractive to Notes 17 20 seek attention if you are working on I download springer?, the right format. Otherwise, the Notes 17 20 total time devoted and the hard work and calculations would get void resulting in utter frustration. I Download Springer?? What if you had to Notes 17 20 do it without Business Plan Templates? Working without business plan templates can be a real torture. If you are clueless as to how to essay of a book call praying make a Short Business Plan or are just following samples, then the chances are there that you will do it but with lots of mistakes.
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TKAM CH 20-26 Reading Notes Flashcards | Quizlet
conflict essay ideas IN WATCHING the flow of Reading Notes, events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. Reading. The past year has seen a flood of articles commemorating the end of the Cold War, and the fact that peace seems to be breaking out in many regions of the world. Most of these analyses lack any larger conceptual framework for distinguishing between what is essential and what is contingent or accidental in world history, and are predictably superficial. If Mr. Gorbachev were ousted from the Kremlin or a new Ayatollah proclaimed the millennium from a desolate Middle Eastern capital, these same commentators would scramble to announce the rebirth of a new era of conflict.
And yet, all of these people sense dimly that there is some larger process at work, a process that gives coherence and 17 20, order to the daily headlines. The twentieth century saw the developed world descend into a paroxysm of ideological violence, as liberalism contended first with the remnants of absolutism, then bolshevism and fascism, and finally an updated Marxism that threatened to lead to the ultimate apocalypse of nuclear war. But the century that began full of cognitive assignment, self-confidence in the ultimate triumph of Western liberal democracy seems at its close to be returning full circle to Reading, where it started: not to an end of cognitive assignment, ideology or a convergence between capitalism and socialism, as earlier predicted, but to an unabashed victory of economic and political liberalism. The triumph of the West, of the Western idea , is evident first of all in the total exhaustion of viable systematic alternatives to Western liberalism. In the past decade, there have been unmistakable changes in the intellectual climate of the world's two largest communist countries, and the beginnings of significant reform movements in both. But this phenomenon extends beyond high politics and it can be seen also in the ineluctable spread of consumerist Western culture in such diverse contexts as the peasants' markets and color television sets now omnipresent throughout China, the cooperative restaurants and clothing stores opened in the past year in Moscow, the Beethoven piped into Japanese department stores, and the rock music enjoyed alike in Notes Prague, Rangoon, and Tehran. What we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War, or the passing of a particular period of postwar history, but the cognitive, end of history as such: that is, the end point of mankind's ideological evolution and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government. This is not to say that there will no longer be events to fill the pages of Foreign Affair's yearly summaries of international relations, for the victory of liberalism has occurred primarily in the realm of 17 20, ideas or consciousness and is as yet incomplete in. the cognitive psuchology, real or material world.
But there are powerful reasons for 17 20 believing that it is the ideal that will govern the material world in 17 20 the long run . To understand how this is so, we must first consider some theoretical issues concerning the nature of historical change. THE NOTION of the 17 20, end of history is not an original one. Its best known propagator was Karl Marx, who believed that the direction of Reading Notes, historical development was a purposeful one determined by the interplay of material forces, and would come to an end only with the achievement of a communist utopia that would finally resolve all prior contradictions. But the Reading Notes 17 20, concept of history as a dialectical process with a beginning, a middle, and an end was borrowed by Marx from How can springer? his great German predecessor, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. For better or worse, much of Hegel's historicism has become part of our contemporary intellectual baggage. The notion that mankind has progressed through a series of primitive stages of consciousness on his path to the present, and that these stages corresponded to Reading Notes, concrete forms of social organization, such as tribal, slave-owning, theocratic, and finally democratic-egalitarian societies, has become inseparable from the essay understanding praying Report, modern understanding of Reading Notes 17 20, man.
Hegel was the first philosopher to speak the language of modern social science, insofar as man for him was the product of his concrete historical and social environment and not, as earlier natural right theorists would have it, a collection of Reading 17 20, more or less fixed natural attributes. The mastery and transformation of man's natural environment through the application of 17 20, science and technology was originally not a Marxist concept, but a Hegelian one. Unlike later historicists whose historical relativism degenerated into relativism tout court, however, Hegel believed that history culminated in an absolute moment - a moment in which a final, rational form of I download springer?, society and state became victorious. It is Hegel's misfortune to be known now primarily as Marx's precursor; and it is our misfortune that few of us are familiar with Hegel's work from direct study, but only as it has been filtered through the distorting lens of Marxism. In France, however, there has been an effort to save Hegel from his Marxist interpreters and to 17 20, resurrect him as the philosopher who most correctly speaks to our time.
Among those modern French interpreters of Hegel, the greatest was certainly Alexandre Kojeve, a brilliant Russian emigre who taught a highly influential series of springer?, seminars in Paris in the 1930s at the Ecole Practique des Hautes Etudes . While largely unknown in the United States, Kojeve had a major impact on the intellectual life of the continent. Among his students ranged such future luminaries as Jean-Paul Sartre on the Left and Raymond Aron on the Right; postwar existentialism borrowed many of its basic categories from Reading Notes Hegel via Kojeve. Kojeve sought to resurrect the Hegel of the Phenomenology of Assignment, Mind , the Hegel who proclaimed history to be at an end in 1806. For as early as this Hegel saw in Napoleon's defeat of the Reading, Prussian monarchy at the Battle of Jena the victory of the ideals of the French Revolution, and the imminent universalization of the hours, state incorporating the principles of liberty and equality. Kojeve, far from rejecting Hegel in Reading light of the turbulent events of the next century and a half, insisted that the latter had been essentially correct. The Battle of Jena marked the end of history because it was at that point that the vanguard of humanity (a term quite familiar to Marxists) actualized the principles of the French Revolution. While there was considerable work to be done after 1806 - abolishing slavery and the slave trade, extending the and Giant, franchise to 17 20, workers, women, blacks, and Planet and Giant, other racial minorities, etc. - the basic principles of the liberal democratic state could not be improved upon. The two world wars in this century and their attendant revolutions and upheavals simply had the effect of extending those principles spatially, such that the Reading Notes 17 20, various provinces of human civilization were brought up to the level of I download springer?, its most advanced outposts, and of forcing those societies in Europe and North America at the vanguard of civilization to implement their liberalism more fully.
The state that emerges at the end of history is liberal insofar as it recognizes and Notes, protects through a system of law man's universal right to my essay, freedom, and democratic insofar as it exists only Reading Notes 17 20, with the consent of the governed. Essay Of A Praying Book Report. For Kojeve, this so-called universal homogenous state found real-life embodiment in the countries of postwar Western Europe - precisely those flabby, prosperous, self-satisfied, inward-looking, weak-willed states whose grandest project was nothing more heroic than the creation of the Common Market. But this was only to be expected. For human history and the conflict that characterized it was based on the existence of contradictions: primitive man's quest for mutual recognition, the Reading Notes 17 20, dialectic of the Planet Stars, master and Reading Notes 17 20, slave, the transformation and mastery of nature, the struggle for psuchology the universal recognition of rights, and the dichotomy between proletarian and capitalist. But in the universal homogenous state, all prior contradictions are resolved and Reading 17 20, all human needs are satisfied. There is no struggle or conflict over large issues, and consequently no need for generals or statesmen; what remains is primarily economic activity. And indeed, Kojeve's life was consistent with his teaching. Believing that there was no more work for philosophers as well, since Hegel (correctly understood) had already achieved absolute knowledge, Kojeve left teaching after the war and spent the remainder of his life working as a bureaucrat in the European Economic Community, until his death in essay on your understanding for sheetrock 1968.
To his contemporaries at mid-century, Kojeve's proclamation of the end of history must have seemed like the typical eccentric solipsism of Notes 17 20, a French intellectual, coming as it did on the heels of and Giant Stars, World War II and at the very height of the Reading, Cold War. To comprehend how Kojeve could have been so audacious as to assert that history has ended, we must first of all understand the meaning of Planet, Hegelian idealism. FOR HEGEL, the contradictions that drive history exist first of all in the realm of human consciousness, i.e. on the level of ideas - not the trivial election year proposals of American politicians, but ideas in Reading 17 20 the sense of large unifying world views that might best be understood under the rubric of ideology. Ideology in this sense is not restricted to the secular and explicit political doctrines we usually associate with the term, but can include religion, culture, and the complex of moral values underlying any society as well. Hegel's view of the relationship between the ideal and the real or material worlds was an extremely complicated one, beginning with the fact that for him the distinction between the two was only How can I download, apparent. He did not believe that the real world conformed or could be made to Reading Notes, conform to ideological preconceptions of philosophy professors in any simpleminded way, or that the material world could not impinge on the ideal. Indeed, Hegel the professor was temporarily thrown out of work as a result of a very material event, the Battle of Jena. But while Hegel's writing and thinking could be stopped by a bullet from the material world, the Planet Stars, hand on the trigger of the gun was motivated in turn by the ideas of liberty and equality that had driven the French Revolution. For Hegel, all human behavior in the material world, and hence all human history, is rooted in a prior state of consciousness - an idea similar to the one expressed by John Maynard Keynes when he said that the views of men of affairs were usually derived from defunct economists and academic scribblers of earlier generations. This consciousness may not be explicit and self-aware, as are modern political doctrines, but may rather take the form of religion or simple cultural or moral habits.
And yet this realm of Reading 17 20, consciousness in the long run necessarily becomes manifest in the material world, indeed creates the material world in I download its own image. Consciousness is cause and not effect, and can develop autonomously from the material world; hence the Reading 17 20, real subtext underlying the Reading Notes, apparent jumble of current events is the history of Reading 17 20, ideology. Hegel's idealism has fared poorly at psuchology assignment Assignment the hands of later thinkers. Marx reversed the priority of the Reading Notes 17 20, real and the ideal completely, relegating the entire realm of consciousness - religion, art, culture, philosophy itself - to a superstructure that was determined entirely by the prevailing material mode of production. Yet another unfortunate legacy of Marxism is our tendency to retreat into materialist or utilitarian explanations of political or historical phenomena, and our disinclination to believe in the autonomous power of ideas. A recent example of this is has been worst, Paul Kennedy's hugely successful The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers , which ascribes the decline of great powers to simple economic overextension.
Obviously, this is true on some level: an empire whose economy is Reading Notes, barely above the Planet, level of subsistence cannot bankrupt its treasury indefinitely. But whether a highly productive modern industrial society chooses to Notes, spend 3 or 7 percent of its GNP on defense rather than consumption is entirely a matter of How can I download, that society's political priorities, which are in turn determined in the realm of consciousness. The materialist bias of modern thought is characteristic not only of people on the Left who may be sympathetic to Marxism, but of Notes 17 20, many passionate anti-Marxists as well. Indeed, there is on the Right what one might label the Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism that discounts the Write my essay in 2, importance of Notes 17 20, ideology and culture and sees man as essentially a rational, profit-maximizing individual. It is What has been your worst, precisely this kind of individual and his pursuit of material incentives that is posited as the basis for economic life as such in economic textbooks. One small example will illustrate the problematic character of such materialist views. Max Weber begins his famous book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism , by noting the different economic performance of Protestant and Catholic communities throughout Europe and America, summed up in the proverb that Protestants eat well while Catholics sleep well. Weber notes that according to any economic theory that posited man as a rational profit-maximizer, raising the piece-work rate should increase labor productivity. But in Reading fact, in many traditional peasant communities, raising the piece-work rate actually had the opposite effect of lowering labor productivity: at the higher rate, a peasant accustomed to earning two and one-half marks per day found he could earn the same amount by working less, and did so because he valued leisure more than income.
The choices of has been, leisure over income, or of the militaristic life of the Spartan hoplite over the wealth of the Athenian trader, or even the ascetic life of the early capitalist entrepreneur over that of a traditional leisured aristocrat, cannot possibly be explained by the impersonal working of material forces, but come preeminently out Notes 17 20, of the sphere of Reading 17 20, consciousness - what we have labeled here broadly as ideology. And indeed, a central theme of Weber's work was to Reading 17 20, prove that contrary to Marx, the material mode of production, far from being the base, was itself a superstructure with roots in religion and What has been, culture, and that to Notes, understand the emergence of modern capitalism and the profit motive one had to study their antecedents in the realm of the spirit. As we look around the contemporary world, the poverty of materialist theories of and Giant Stars, economic development is all too apparent. The Wall Street Journal school of deterministic materialism habitually points to the stunning economic success of Asia in the past few decades as evidence of the Reading 17 20, viability of free market economics, with the implication that all societies would see similar development were they simply to allow their populations to pursue their material self-interest freely. Surely free markets and stable political systems are a necessary precondition to capitalist economic growth. But just as surely the cultural heritage of How can I download springer?, those Far Eastern societies, the ethic of work and saving and family, a religious heritage that does not, like Islam, place restrictions on certain forms of economic behavior, and other deeply ingrained moral qualities, are equally important in explaining their economic performance. And yet the intellectual weight of materialism is such that not a single respectable contemporary theory of economic development addresses consciousness and culture seriously as the matrix within which economic behavior is formed. FAILURE to understand that the Reading, roots of economic behavior lie in the realm of consciousness and culture leads to the common mistake of attributing material causes to phenomena that are essentially ideal in nature. For example, it is Reading, commonplace in the West to interpret the reform movements first in China and most recently in the Soviet Union as the Reading Notes, victory of the material over the ideal - that is, a recognition that ideological incentives could not replace material ones in stimulating a highly productive modern economy, and that if one wanted to my essay hours, prosper one had to appeal to baser forms of self-interest.
But the deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to anyone who chose to look. Why was it that these countries moved away from central planning only in the 1980s' The answer must be found in the consciousness of the elites and leaders ruling them, who decided to opt for the Protestant life of wealth and risk over the Catholic path of poverty and security. That change was in no way made inevitable by the material conditions in which either country found itself on the eve of the reform, but instead came about Notes 17 20 as the result of the victory of one idea over Planet another. For Kojeve, as for all good Hegelians, understanding the underlying processes of history requires understanding developments in the realm of consciousness or ideas, since consciousness will ultimately remake the material world in 17 20 its own image. On Your Of A Call For Sheetrock. To say that history ended in 1806 meant that mankind's ideological evolution ended in the ideals of the Notes 17 20, French or American Revolutions: while particular regimes in Write in 2 hours the real world might not implement these ideals fully, their theoretical truth is absolute and could not be improved upon. Hence it did not matter to Kojeve that the consciousness of the postwar generation of Europeans had not been universalized throughout the world; if ideological development had in fact ended, the Reading Notes, homogenous state would eventually become victorious throughout the material world. I have neither the space nor, frankly, the ability to defend in depth Hegel's radical idealist perspective. The issue is not whether Hegel's system was right, but whether his perspective might uncover the problematic nature of many materialist explanations we often take for granted. Write Hours. This is Reading 17 20, not to deny the role of psuchology assignment Assignment, material factors as such. To a literal-minded idealist, human society can be built around any arbitrary set of principles regardless of Reading Notes 17 20, their relationship to the material world.
And in fact men have proven themselves able to endure the most extreme material hardships in the name of my essay hours, ideas that exist in the realm of the spirit alone, be it the Reading, divinity of cows or the nature of the Holy Trinity. But while man's very perception of the material world is shaped by his historical consciousness of it, the material world can clearly affect in return the viability of a particular state of consciousness. In particular, the spectacular abundance of advanced liberal economies and has been worst on Quora?, the infinitely diverse consumer culture made possible by them seem to both foster and preserve liberalism in Reading Notes the political sphere. I want to avoid the materialist determinism that says that liberal economics inevitably produces liberal politics, because I believe that both economics and Notes, politics presuppose an autonomous prior state of Reading, consciousness that makes them possible. But that state of consciousness that permits the growth of I download, liberalism seems to stabilize in the way one would expect at the end of history if it is underwritten by the abundance of a modern free market economy. We might summarize the content of the universal homogenous state as liberal democracy in the political sphere combined with easy access to VCRs and stereos in the economic.
HAVE WE in fact reached the end of Reading, history? Are there, in other words, any fundamental contradictions in human life that cannot be resolved in the context of cognitive assignment Assignment, modern liberalism, that would be resolvable by an alternative political-economic structure? If we accept the idealist premises laid out above, we must seek an answer to this question in the realm of ideology and consciousness. Reading. Our task is not to answer exhaustively the challenges to liberalism promoted by every crackpot messiah around the world, but only those that are embodied in important social or political forces and cognitive, movements, and which are therefore part of world history. For our purposes, it matters very little what strange thoughts occur to people in Albania or Burkina Faso, for we are interested in what one could in Reading some sense call the common ideological heritage of mankind.
In the past century, there have been two major challenges to and Giant Stars, liberalism, those of fascism and of communism. The former saw the political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of community of the West as fundamental contradictions in liberal societies that could only be resolved by a strong state that forged a new people on the basis of national exclusiveness. Reading Notes 17 20. Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. This was a defeat, of course, on a very material level, but it amounted to Reading Notes, a defeat of the idea as well. What destroyed fascism as an idea was not universal moral revulsion against it, since plenty of people were willing to Notes, endorse the idea as long as it seemed the your worst on Quora?, wave of the future, but its lack of success. After the 17 20, war, it seemed to Write my essay hours, most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct. Notes 17 20. There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the assignment Assignment, war in other locales, but for the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal.
The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of consciousness as well as materially, and all of the pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the war. The ideological challenge mounted by Notes 17 20, the other great alternative to liberalism, communism, was far more serious. Marx, speaking Hegel's language, asserted that liberal society contained a fundamental contradiction that could not be resolved within its context, that between capital and What has been your worst interaction, labor, and this contradiction has constituted the Notes 17 20, chief accusation against liberalism ever since. Of A Call. But surely, the class issue has actually been successfully resolved in the West. As Kojeve (among others) noted, the egalitarianism of modern America represents the Reading, essential achievement of the classless society envisioned by Marx. This is not to my essay, say that there are not rich people and poor people in the United States, or that the gap between them has not grown in recent years. But the root causes of economic inequality do not have to do with the underlying legal and Reading 17 20, social structure of our society, which remains fundamentally egalitarian and moderately redistributionist, so much as with the cultural and social characteristics of the groups that make it up, which are in turn the historical legacy of premodern conditions. Thus black poverty in the United States is not the inherent product of psuchology assignment, liberalism, but is rather the legacy of slavery and racism which persisted long after the formal abolition of 17 20, slavery. As a result of the receding of the class issue, the appeal of communism in the developed Western world, it is safe to say, is lower today than any time since the What your worst on Quora?, end of the First World War.
This can he measured in any number of ways: in the declining membership and electoral pull of the major European communist parties, and their overtly revisionist programs; in the corresponding electoral success of conservative parties from Britain and Reading Notes, Germany to the United States and Planet and Giant Stars, Japan, which are unabashedly pro-market and anti-statist; and in Notes an intellectual climate whose most advanced members no longer believe that bourgeois society is of a praying, something that ultimately needs to be overcome. Notes 17 20. This is not to say that the opinions of progressive intellectuals in Western countries are not deeply pathological in any number of ways. In 2 Hours. But those who believe that the future must inevitably be socialist tend to be very old, or very marginal to the real political discourse of their societies. 0NE MAY argue that the socialist alternative was never terribly plausible for the North Atlantic world, and was sustained for the last several decades primarily by its success outside of this region. But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is most struck by the occurrence of major ideological transformations. Surely the most remarkable changes have occurred in Asia. Due to the strength and adaptability of the indigenous cultures there, Asia became a battleground for Notes 17 20 a variety of imported Western ideologies early in this century. Liberalism in Asia was a very weak reed in the period after World War I; it is easy today to forget how gloomy Asia's political future looked as recently as ten or fifteen years ago.
It is easy to forget as well how momentous the outcome of Asian ideological struggles seemed for world political development as a whole. The first Asian alternative to liberalism to be decisively defeated was the psuchology Assignment, fascist one represented by Imperial Japan. Japanese fascism (like its German version) was defeated by Reading Notes 17 20, the force of American arms in the Pacific war, and liberal democracy was imposed on Japan by a victorious United States. Reading 17 20. Western capitalism and political liberalism when transplanted to Notes, Japan were adapted and transformed by the Japanese in such a way as to be scarcely recognizable. Many Americans are now aware that Japanese industrial organization is very different from that prevailing in the United States or Europe, and it is questionable what relationship the factional maneuvering that takes place with the governing Liberal Democratic Party bears to democracy. Nonetheless, the very fact that the essential elements of economic and political liberalism have been so successfully grafted onto uniquely Japanese traditions and institutions guarantees their survival in the long run.
More important is the contribution that Japan has made in turn to world history by following in the footsteps of the book call praying Book, United States to create a truly universal consumer culture that has become both a symbol and an underpinning of the universal homogenous state. V.S. Naipaul traveling in Khomeini's Iran shortly after the Reading, revolution noted the omnipresent signs advertising the products of Reading, Sony, Hitachi, and JVC, whose appeal remained virtually irresistible and gave the lie to the regime's pretensions of restoring a state based on the rule of the Shariah . Reading 17 20. Desire for cognitive assignment access to the consumer culture, created in large measure by Japan, has played a crucial role in fostering the spread of economic liberalism throughout Asia, and hence in promoting political liberalism as well. The economic success of the other newly industrializing countries (NICs) in Asia following on the example of Japan is by now a familiar story. What is important from a Hegelian standpoint is that political liberalism has been following economic liberalism, more slowly than many had hoped but with seeming inevitability.
Here again we see the victory of the Notes 17 20, idea of the universal homogenous state. South Korea had developed into a modern, urbanized society with an Planet and Giant Stars, increasingly large and well-educated middle class that could not possibly be isolated from the larger democratic trends around them. Under these circumstances it seemed intolerable to a large part of this population that it should be ruled by an anachronistic military regime while Japan, only a decade or so ahead in economic terms, had parliamentary institutions for over forty years. Even the former socialist regime in Burma, which for so many decades existed in Notes dismal isolation from the larger trends dominating Asia, was buffeted in in 2 the past year by pressures to liberalize both its economy and political system. It is said that unhappiness with strongman Ne Win began when a senior Burmese officer went to Singapore for medical treatment and broke down crying when he saw how far socialist Burma had been left behind by its ASEAN neighbors. BUT THE power of the liberal idea would seem much less impressive if it had not infected the largest and oldest culture in Asia, China. The simple existence of communist China created an alternative pole of ideological attraction, and as such constituted a threat to liberalism. But the past fifteen years have seen an almost total discrediting of Marxism-Leninism as an economic system. Beginning with the famous third plenum of the Notes 17 20, Tenth Central Committee in 1978, the Chinese Communist party set about decollectivizing agriculture for the 800 million Chinese who still lived in the countryside. The role of the Stars, state in agriculture was reduced to that of a tax collector, while production of consumer goods was sharply increased in order to give peasants a taste of the universal homogenous state and Notes, thereby an incentive to work. And Giant Stars. The reform doubled Chinese grain output in only five years, and in the process created for Reading Notes Deng Xiaoping a solid political base from which he was able to extend the reform to other parts of the economy.
Economic Statistics do not begin to describe the dynamism, initiative, and openness evident in China since the reform began. China could not now be described in any way as a liberal democracy. At present, no more than 20 percent of its economy has been marketized, and most importantly it continues to be ruled by a self-appointed Communist party which has given no hint of Write my essay in 2 hours, wanting to devolve power. Deng has made none of Gorbachev's promises regarding democratization of the political system and there is no Chinese equivalent of glasnost. The Chinese leadership has in fact been much more circumspect in criticizing Mao and Reading Notes, Maoism than Gorbachev with respect to Brezhnev and cognitive psuchology assignment, Stalin, and the regime continues to pay lip service to Marxism-Leninism as its ideological underpinning. But anyone familiar with the Reading Notes, outlook and behavior of the essay on your of a call for sheetrock Report, new technocratic elite now governing China knows that Marxism and ideological principle have become virtually irrelevant as guides to policy, and that bourgeois consumerism has a real meaning in Reading that country for the first time since the revolution. The various slowdowns in the pace of reform, the Planet and Giant Stars, campaigns against spiritual pollution and crackdowns on 17 20 political dissent are more properly seen as tactical adjustments made in the process of managing what is an extraordinarily difficult political transition. And Giant Stars. By ducking the question of 17 20, political reform while putting the economy on a new footing, Deng has managed to avoid the I download springer?, breakdown of authority that has accompanied Gorbachev's perestroika . Yet the pull of the liberal idea continues to be very strong as economic power devolves and Reading, the economy becomes more open to the outside world. There are currently over your interaction 20,000 Chinese students studying in 17 20 the U.S. and other Western countries, almost all of them the worst on Quora?, children of the Chinese elite. It is hard to Notes 17 20, believe that when they return home to run the country they will be content for China to be the only country in Asia unaffected by the larger democratizing trend. Reading Notes 17 20. The student demonstrations in Beijing that broke out first in December 1986 and recurred recently on the occasion of Reading, Hu Yao-bang's death were only the beginning of what will inevitably be mounting pressure for change in the political system as well.
What is important about and Giant Stars China from the standpoint of Reading 17 20, world history is not the present state of the reform or even its future prospects. The central issue is the fact that the Reading Notes 17 20, People's Republic of China can no longer act as a beacon for illiberal forces around the world, whether they be guerrillas in some Asian jungle or middle class students in Notes Paris. Maoism, rather than being the pattern for Asia's future, became an anachronism, and cognitive assignment, it was the mainland Chinese who in fact were decisively influenced by Reading 17 20, the prosperity and dynamism of my essay, their overseas co-ethnics - the ironic ultimate victory of Taiwan. Important as these changes in China have been, however, it is developments in 17 20 the Soviet Union - the original homeland of the world proletariat - that have put the final nail in the coffin of the Planet and Giant Stars, Marxist-Leninist alternative to liberal democracy. Notes. It should be clear that in terms of formal institutions, not much has changed in the four years since Gorbachev has come to power: free markets and Reading Notes 17 20, the cooperative movement represent only a small part of the Soviet economy, which remains centrally planned; the political system is still dominated by the Communist party, which has only begun to democratize internally and to Reading Notes 17 20, share power with other groups; the regime continues to assert that it is seeking only to modernize socialism and that its ideological basis remains Marxism-Leninism; and, finally, Gorbachev faces a potentially powerful conservative opposition that could undo many of the changes that have taken place to date. Moreover, it is hard to Reading Notes 17 20, be too sanguine about the chances for Reading success of Gorbachev's proposed reforms, either in I download the sphere of economics or politics. But my purpose here is not to analyze events in the short-term, or to make predictions for policy purposes, but to look at underlying trends in the sphere of ideology and consciousness.
And in that respect, it is clear that an astounding transformation has occurred. Emigres from the Soviet Union have been reporting for at least the last generation now that virtually nobody in that country truly believed in Marxism-Leninism any longer, and that this was nowhere more true than in the Soviet elite, which continued to mouth Marxist slogans out of Reading Notes 17 20, sheer cynicism. The corruption and decadence of the Reading, late Brezhnev-era Soviet state seemed to matter little, however, for as long as the state itself refused to throw into question any of the fundamental principles underlying Soviet society, the system was capable of functioning adequately out of Reading Notes, sheer inertia and What has been your interaction, could even muster some dynamism in the realm of foreign and defense policy. Marxism-Leninism was like a magical incantation which, however absurd and devoid of meaning, was the only common basis on which the elite could agree to rule Soviet society. WHAT HAS happened in the four years since Gorbachev's coming to power is a revolutionary assault on the most fundamental institutions and principles of Stalinism, and their replacement by other principles which do not amount to liberalism per se but whose only connecting thread is liberalism. This is Reading Notes, most evident in the economic sphere, where the reform economists around Gorbachev have become steadily more radical in their support for free markets, to the point where some like Nikolai Shmelev do not mind being compared in public to Milton Friedman. Psuchology Assignment. There is a virtual consensus among the currently dominant school of Soviet economists now that central planning and the command system of allocation are the root cause of economic inefficiency, and that if the Soviet system is ever to Reading Notes 17 20, heal itself, it must permit free and decentralized decision-making with respect to cognitive Assignment, investment, labor, and prices. After a couple of Notes, initial years of Write in 2, ideological confusion, these principles have finally been incorporated into policy with the promulgation of new laws on enterprise autonomy, cooperatives, and finally in 1988 on lease arrangements and family farming. 17 20. There are, of course, a number of fatal flaws in the current implementation of the reform, most notably the absence of a thoroughgoing price reform. But the problem is no longer a conceptual one: Gorbachev and Write, his lieutenants seem to understand the economic logic of marketization well enough, but like the leaders of a Third World country facing the IMF, are afraid of the social consequences of ending consumer subsidies and other forms of dependence on Reading Notes the state sector.
In the political sphere, the proposed changes to the Soviet constitution, legal system, and Reading Notes, party rules amount to much less than the establishment of a liberal state. Gorbachev has spoken of democratization primarily in the sphere of internal party affairs, and has shown little intention of ending the Communist party's monopoly of power; indeed, the Reading, political reform seeks to legitimize and therefore strengthen the CPSU'S rule. Nonetheless, the and Giant Stars, general principles underlying many of the reforms - that the people should be truly responsible for Notes 17 20 their own affairs, that higher political bodies should be answerable to lower ones, and not vice versa, that the cognitive, rule of law should prevail over arbitrary police actions, with separation of powers and an independent judiciary, that there should be legal protection for property rights, the need for open discussion of public issues and the right of public dissent, the empowering of the Soviets as a forum in which the whole Soviet people can participate, and Reading Notes 17 20, of a political culture that is more tolerant and pluralistic - come from a source fundamentally alien to the USSR's Marxist-Leninist tradition, even if they are incompletely articulated and poorly implemented in practice. Gorbachev's repeated assertions that he is doing no more than trying to restore the original meaning of Leninism are themselves a kind of Orwellian doublespeak. Gorbachev and his allies have consistently maintained that intraparty democracy was somehow the essence of Leninism, and my essay, that the various lib era1 practices of open debate, secret ballot elections, and rule of law were all part of the Leninist heritage, corrupted only later by Stalin. While almost anyone would look good compared to Stalin, drawing so sharp a line between Lenin and his successor is questionable. Reading Notes 17 20. The essence of Write in 2, Lenin's democratic centralism was centralism, not democracy; that is, the Reading, absolutely rigid, monolithic, and disciplined dictatorship of a hierarchically organized vanguard Communist party, speaking in the name of the demos. All of understanding book call praying for sheetrock Book Report, Lenin's vicious polemics against Karl Kautsky, Rosa Luxemburg, and various other Menshevik and Notes 17 20, Social Democratic rivals, not to mention his contempt for bourgeois legality and freedoms, centered around his profound conviction that a revolution could not be successfully made by a democratically run organization. Gorbachev's claim that he is seeking to return to How can I download springer?, the true Lenin is perfectly easy to understand: having fostered a thorough denunciation of Stalinism and 17 20, Brezhnevism as the root of the USSR's present predicament, he needs some point in Soviet history on Notes which to anchor the legitimacy of the Reading 17 20, CPSU'S continued rule. But Gorbachev's tactical requirements should not blind us to What your interaction, the fact that the democratizing and decentralizing principles which he has enunciated in both the economic and political spheres are highly subversive of some of the most fundamental precepts of both Marxism and Leninism. Indeed, if the bulk of the present economic reform proposals were put into effect, it is hard to know how the Soviet economy would be more socialist than those of other Western countries with large public sectors. The Soviet Union could in no way be described as a liberal or democratic country now, nor do I think that it is Reading, terribly likely that perestroika will succeed such that the label will be thinkable any time in the near future.
But at Reading Notes 17 20 the end of history it is not necessary that all societies become successful liberal societies, merely that they end their ideological pretensions of Notes, representing different and higher forms of 17 20, human society. And in this respect I believe that something very important has happened in the Soviet Union in the past few years: the criticisms of the Soviet system sanctioned by Gorbachev have been so thorough and devastating that there is very little chance of going back to Notes 17 20, either Stalinism or Brezhnevism in any simple way. Gorbachev has finally permitted people to say what they had privately understood for many years, namely, that the magical incantations of Marxism-Leninism were nonsense, that Soviet socialism was not superior to the West in any respect but was in fact a monumental failure. The conservative opposition in the USSR, consisting both of simple workers afraid of unemployment and inflation and of party officials fearful of losing their jobs and cognitive psuchology, privileges, is outspoken and may be strong enough to force Gorbachev's ouster in the next few years. But what both groups desire is tradition, order, and authority; they manifest no deep commitment to Marxism-Leninism, except insofar as they have invested much of their own lives in it. For authority to be restored in Reading Notes 17 20 the Soviet Union after Gorbachev's demolition work, it must be on the basis of cognitive Assignment, some new and vigorous ideology which has not yet appeared on the horizon.
IF WE ADMIT for the moment that the fascist and communist challenges to liberalism are dead, are there any other ideological competitors left? Or put another way, are there contradictions in liberal society beyond that of class that are not resolvable? Two possibilities suggest themselves, those of religion and nationalism. The rise of religious fundamentalism in Notes 17 20 recent years within the Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions has been widely noted. One is inclined to say that the revival of Write in 2 hours, religion in Notes 17 20 some way attests to a broad unhappiness with the impersonality and understanding call praying for sheetrock, spiritual vacuity of 17 20, liberal consumerist societies. Yet while the cognitive assignment Assignment, emptiness at the core of Notes, liberalism is What your worst on Quora?, most certainly a defect in the ideology - indeed, a flaw that one does not need the perspective of Reading 17 20, religion to of a book call praying Report, recognize - it is not at all clear that it is remediable through politics. Modern liberalism itself was historically a consequence of the weakness of religiously-based societies which, failing to agree on the nature of the good life, could not provide even the minimal preconditions of Notes, peace and stability. In the contemporary world only Islam has offered a theocratic state as a political alternative to cognitive assignment Assignment, both liberalism and communism. But the doctrine has little appeal for non-Muslims, and it is hard to believe that the movement will take on any universal significance. Other less organized religious impulses have been successfully satisfied within the sphere of personal life that is permitted in liberal societies.
The other major contradiction potentially unresolvable by liberalism is the one posed by nationalism and other forms of racial and ethnic consciousness. It is certainly true that a very large degree of conflict since the Battle of Jena has had its roots in nationalism. Two cataclysmic world wars in this century have been spawned by the nationalism of the Reading Notes, developed world in various guises, and if those passions have been muted to a certain extent in and Giant postwar Europe, they are still extremely powerful in the Third World. Nationalism has been a threat to liberalism historically in Germany, and continues to be one in isolated parts of post-historical Europe like Northern Ireland. But it is not clear that nationalism rep resents an irreconcilable contradiction in the heart of liberalism. Reading. In the first place, nationalism is not one single phenomenon but several, ranging from mild cultural nostalgia to the highly organized and elaborately articulated doctrine of National Socialism. Reading Notes 17 20. Only systematic nationalisms of the latter sort can qualify as a formal ideology on the level of liberalism or communism. The vast majority of the Notes, world's nationalist movements do not have a political program beyond the negative desire of independence from some other group or people, and do not offer anything like a comprehensive agenda for socio-economic organization. As such, they are compatible with doctrines and ideologies that do offer such agendas.
While they may constitute a source of conflict for liberal societies, this conflict does not arise from liberalism itself so much as from the fact that the liberalism in question is incomplete. Certainly a great deal of the world's ethnic and 17 20, nationalist tension can be explained in Reading Notes 17 20 terms of peoples who are forced to I download springer?, live in unrepresentative political systems that they have not chosen. While it is Reading, impossible to rule out the sudden appearance of new ideologies or previously unrecognized contradictions in liberal societies, then, the present world seems to confirm that the fundamental principles of sociopolitical organization have not advanced terribly far since 1806. Many of the Stars, wars and revolutions fought since that time have been undertaken in the name of ideologies which claimed to be more advanced than liberalism, but whose pretensions were ultimately unmasked by history. In the meantime, they have helped to spread the Notes, universal homogenous state to How can I download, the point where it could have a significant effect on the overall character of international relations.
WHAT ARE the implications of the end of history for international relations? Clearly, the vast bulk of the Third World remains very much mired in history, and will be a terrain of conflict for many years to come. But let us focus for the time being on the larger and more developed states of the world who after all account for the greater part of Reading, world politics. Russia and China are not likely to join the developed nations of the West as liberal societies any time in the foreseeable future, but suppose for a moment that Marxism-Leninism ceases to has been interaction, be a factor driving the foreign policies of these states - a prospect which, if not yet here, the last few years have made a real possibility. How will the overall characteristics of a de-ideologized world differ from those of the one with which we are familiar at such a hypothetical juncture? The most common answer is - not very much. For there is a very widespread belief among many observers of 17 20, international relations that underneath the skin of ideology is a hard core of great power national interest that guarantees a fairly high level of competition and conflict between nations. Indeed, according to one academically popular school of international relations theory, conflict inheres in the international system as such, and to assignment, understand the prospects for conflict one must look at the shape of the system - for Notes 17 20 example, whether it is bipolar or multipolar - rather than at the specific character of the nations and regimes that constitute it. This school in effect applies a Hobbesian view of politics to international relations, and essay on your of a praying Book Report, assumes that aggression and insecurity are universal characteristics of human societies rather than the product of specific historical circumstances. Believers in this line of Reading Notes 17 20, thought take the relations that existed between the participants in on your understanding of a book praying the classical nineteenth century European balance of power as a model for what a de-ideologized contemporary world would look like. Charles Krauthammer, for example, recently explained that if as a result of Gorbachev's reforms the USSR is Reading, shorn of Marxist-Leninist ideology, its behavior will revert to that of nineteenth century imperial Russia. While he finds this more reassuring than the threat posed by a communist Russia, he implies that there will still be a substantial degree of Planet and Giant, competition and conflict in the international system, just as there was say between Russia and Britain or Wilhelmine Germany in Notes the last century.
This is, of course, a convenient point of view for people who want to admit that something major is changing in the Soviet Union, but do not want to accept responsibility for recommending the radical policy redirection implicit in such a view. But is it true? In fact, the notion that ideology is a superstructure imposed on a substratum of permanent great power interest is a highly questionable proposition. For the Reading 17 20, way in which any state defines its national interest is not universal but rests on some kind of prior ideological basis, just as we saw that economic behavior is Reading Notes 17 20, determined by a prior state of consciousness. In this century, states have adopted highly articulated doctrines with explicit foreign policy agendas legitimizing expansionism, like Marxism-Leninism or National Socialism. THE EXPANSIONIST and competitive behavior of nineteenth-century European states rested on no less ideal a basis; it just so happened that the ideology driving it was less explicit than the doctrines of the twentieth century.
For one thing, most liberal European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of essay on your understanding of a praying, imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over other nations without regard for the wishes of the ruled. The justifications for Notes imperialism varied from nation to your interaction, nation, from 17 20 a crude belief in How can I download springer? the legitimacy of Reading Notes, force, particularly when applied to non-Europeans, to the White Man's Burden and Europe's Christianizing mission, to the desire to give people of color access to the culture of Rabelais and Moliere. But whatever the I download, particular ideological basis, every developed country believed in the acceptability of higher civilizations ruling lower ones - including, incidentally, the United States with regard to the Philippines. This led to a drive for pure territorial aggrandizement in the latter half of the century and played no small role in causing the Great War. The radical and deformed outgrowth of nineteenth-century imperialism was German fascism, an ideology which justified Germany's right not only to rule over non-European peoples, but over all non-German ones. But in retrospect it seems that Hitler represented a diseased bypath in Notes 17 20 the general course of European development, and since his fiery defeat, the Assignment, legitimacy of any kind of territorial aggrandizement has been thoroughly discredited. Since the Notes 17 20, Second World War, European nationalism has been defanged and shorn of any real relevance to foreign policy, with the consequence that the nineteenth-century model of great power behavior has become a serious anachronism. The most extreme form of nationalism that any Western European state has mustered since 1945 has been Gaullism, whose self-assertion has been confined largely to the realm of nuisance politics and culture. International life for has been worst on Quora? the part of the world that has reached the end of history is far more preoccupied with economics than with politics or strategy. The developed states of the West do maintain defense establishments and in the postwar period have competed vigorously for influence to meet a worldwide communist threat.
This behavior has been driven, however, by an external threat from states that possess overtly expansionist ideologies, and Reading 17 20, would not exist in their absence. To take the neo-realist theory seriously, one would have to believe that natural competitive behavior would reassert itself among the OECD states were Russia and China to disappear from the face of the earth. That is, West Germany and France would arm themselves against each other as they did in the 193Os, Australia and New Zealand would send military advisers to block each others' advances in Africa, and the U.S.-Canadian border would become fortified. Such a prospect is, of course, ludicrous: minus Marxist-Leninist ideology, we are far more likely to see the Common Marketization of world politics than the disintegration of the EEC into nineteenth-century competitiveness. Indeed, as our experiences in essay understanding book praying Book dealing with Europe on matters such as terrorism or Libya prove, they are much further gone than we down the Reading, road that denies the legitimacy of the I download, use of force in Reading 17 20 international politics, even in self-defense. The automatic assumption that Russia shorn of its expansionist communist ideology should pick up where the czars left off just prior to the Bolshevik Revolution is therefore a curious one. It assumes that the evolution of human consciousness has stood still in the meantime, and that the Soviets, while picking up currently fashionable ideas in the realm of economics, will return to foreign policy views a century out of on your book for sheetrock, date in the rest of Europe. This is certainly not what happened to China after it began its reform process. Chinese competitiveness and expansionism on the world scene have virtually disappeared: Beijing no longer sponsors Maoist insurgencies or tries to cultivate influence in distant African countries as it did in Notes 17 20 the 1960s. This is essay on your of a Book, not to say that there are not troublesome aspects to contemporary Chinese foreign policy, such as the reckless sale of ballistic missile technology in the Middle East; and the PRC continues to manifest traditional great power behavior in its sponsorship of the Khmer Rouge against Notes Vietnam. But the former is explained by commercial motives and the latter is a vestige of earlier ideologically-based rivalries.
The new China far more resembles Gaullist France than pre-World War I Germany. The real question for the future, however, is the degree to which Soviet elites have assimilated the of a book call praying for sheetrock Book, consciousness of the universal homogenous state that is post-Hitler Europe. From their writings and from my own personal contacts with them, there is no question in my mind that the liberal Soviet intelligentsia rallying around Gorbachev have arrived at the end-of-history view in a remarkably short time, due in Reading 17 20 no small measure to Reading Notes, the contacts they have had since the Brezhnev era with the larger European civilization around them. New political thinking, the general rubric for their views, describes a world dominated by economic concerns, in Reading Notes 17 20 which there are no ideological grounds for major conflict between nations, and in which, consequently, the use of military force becomes less legitimate. As Foreign Minister Shevardnadze put it in mid-1988: The struggle between two opposing systems is Assignment, no longer a determining tendency of the present-day era.
At the modern stage, the ability to build up material wealth at an accelerated rate on Reading Notes the basis of front-ranking science and high-level techniques and technology, and to What your interaction, distribute it fairly, and through joint efforts to restore and protect the resources necessary for mankind's survival acquires decisive importance. The post-historical consciousness represented by new thinking is only one possible future for the Soviet Union, however. There has always been a very strong current of great Russian chauvinism in the Soviet Union, which has found freer expression since the Reading Notes, advent of glasnost . It may be possible to return to traditional Marxism-Leninism for Assignment a while as a simple rallying point for those who want to restore the authority that Gorbachev has dissipated. But as in Poland, Marxism-Leninism is dead as a mobilizing ideology: under its banner people cannot be made to work harder, and its adherents have lost confidence in themselves. Reading 17 20. Unlike the on your understanding of a book, propagators of Reading Notes 17 20, traditional Marxism-Leninism, however, ultranationalists in the USSR believe in their Slavophile cause passionately, and one gets the sense that the Planet and Giant Stars, fascist alternative is not one that has played itself out entirely there. The Soviet Union, then, is at 17 20 a fork in the road: it can start down the path that was staked out by Western Europe forty-five years ago, a path that most of Asia has followed, or it can realize its own uniqueness and remain stuck in history. Planet Stars. The choice it makes will be highly important for us, given the Soviet Union's size and military strength, for that power will continue to Reading Notes 17 20, preoccupy us and slow our realization that we have already emerged on the other side of Notes, history. THE PASSING of Marxism-Leninism first from China and then from the Soviet Union will mean its death as a living ideology of world historical significance. For while there may be some isolated true believers left in places like Managua, Pyongyang, or Cambridge, Massachusetts, the Notes, fact that there is not a single large state in which it is a going concern undermines completely its pretensions to being in the vanguard of Notes, human history.
And the death of this ideology means the growing Common Marketization of international relations, and the diminution of the likelihood of large-scale conflict between states. This does not by any means imply the Reading, end of I download springer?, international conflict per se. For the Reading Notes, world at that point would be divided between a part that was historical and a part that was post-historical. Conflict between states still in history, and between those states and those at the end of history, would still be possible. There would still be a high and perhaps rising level of cognitive psuchology Assignment, ethnic and Reading Notes 17 20, nationalist violence, since those are impulses incompletely played out, even in parts of the post-historical world. Palestinians and Kurds, Sikhs and Tamils, Irish Catholics and Walloons, Armenians and Azeris, will continue to have their unresolved grievances. This implies that terrorism and wars of Notes, national liberation will continue to be an important item on the international agenda.
But large-scale conflict must involve large states still caught in the grip of history, and they are what appear to be passing from the Notes 17 20, scene. The end of history will be a very sad time. The struggle for Reading Notes 17 20 recognition, the willingness to risk one's life for a purely abstract goal, the worldwide ideological struggle that called forth daring, courage, imagination, and 17 20, idealism, will be replaced by economic calculation, the hours, endless solving of Reading Notes, technical problems, environmental concerns, and the satisfaction of sophisticated consumer demands. In the post-historical period there will be neither art nor philosophy, just the perpetual caretaking of the museum of human history. I can feel in myself, and see in others around me, a powerful nostalgia for the time when history existed. Such nostalgia, in fact, will continue to fuel competition and conflict even in the post-historical world for some time to come. Reading Notes. Even though I recognize its inevitability, I have the Notes 17 20, most ambivalent feelings for the civilization that has been created in Europe since 1945, with its north Atlantic and Write my essay hours, Asian offshoots. Perhaps this very prospect of centuries of boredom at the end of history will serve to get history started once again.
1. Kojeve's best known work is his Introduction a la lecture de Hegel (Paris: Editions Gallimard, 1947), which is Reading 17 20, a transcript of the Ecole Practique lectures from the 1930's. This book is available in English entitled Introduction to the Reading of Hegel arranged by Raymond Queneau, edited by Allan Bloom, and translated by James Nichols (New York: Basic Books, 1969). (back to text) 2. In this respect Kojeve stands in sharp contrast to contemporary German interpreters of Hegel like Herbert Marcuse who, being more sympathetic to on Quora?, Marx, regarded Hegel ultimately as an Reading 17 20, historically bound and incomplete philosopher. (back to text) 3. Kojeve alternatively identified the end of history with the postwar American way of Notes, life, toward which he thought the Soviet Union was moving as well. (back to text) 4. This notion was expressed in the famous aphorism from the preface to the Philosophy of History to Notes, the effect that everything that is rational is real, and everything that is real is rational. (back to text) 5. Indeed, for Hegel the very dichotomy between the ideal and psuchology, material worlds was itself only an apparent one that was ultimately overcome by the self-conscious subject; in his system, the material world is itself only an aspect of mind. (back to text) 6. In fact, modern economists, recognizing that man does not always behave as a profit -maximizer, posit a utility function, utility being either income or some other good that can be maximized: leisure, sexual satisfaction, or the pleasure of philosophizing. That profit must be replaced with a value like utility indicates the cogency of the idealist perspective. (back to text) 7. One need look no further than the Reading, recent performance of Vietnamese immigrants in the U.S. school system when compared to their black of Hispanic classmates to realize that culture and consciousness are absolutely crucial to explain not only economic behavior but virtually every other important aspect of life as well. (back to text) 8. I understand that a full explanation of the origins of the reform movements in China and Write my essay hours, Russia is a good deal more complicated than this simple formula would suggest.
The Soviet reform, for example, was motivated in good measure by Moscow's sense of insecurity in the technological-military realm. Nonetheless, neither country ion the Reading 17 20, eve of its reforms was in such a state of material crisis that one could have predicted the surprising reform paths ultimately taken. (back to text) 9. It is still not clear whether the Soviet people are as Protestant as Gorbachev and will follow him down that path. My Essay. (back to text) 10. The internal politics of the Byzantine Empire at the time of Notes, Justinian revolved around a conflict between the so-called monophysites and monothelites, who believed that the unity of the Holy Trinity was alternatively one of nature or of Reading, will. This conflict corresponded to some extent to Reading 17 20, one between proponents of essay understanding of a call Report, different racing teams in Reading Notes the Hippodrome in Byzantium and led to a not insignificant level of political violence. Modern historians would tend to seek the Stars, roots of such conflicts in antagonisms between social classes or some other modern economic category, being unwilling to believe that men would kill each other over the nature of the Reading, Trinity. Reading. (back to text) 11. I am not using the term fascism here in its most precise sense, fully aware of the 17 20, frequent misuse of understanding of a book for sheetrock Report, this term to denounce anyone to the right of the user. Fascism here denotes nay organized ultra nationalist movement with universalistic pretensions - not universalistic with regard to its nationalism, of course, since the latter is 17 20, exclusive by definition, but with regard to the movement's belief in What your worst on Quora? its right to rule other people.
Hence Imperial Japan would qualify as fascist while former strongman Stoessner's Paraguay or Pinochet's Chile would not. Obviously fascist ideologies cannot be universalistic in the sense of Marxism or liberalism, but the structure of the doctrine can be transferred from country to country. (back to text) 12. I use the example of Japan with some caution, since Kojeve late in his life came to conclude that Japan, with its culture based on purely formal arts, proved that the universal homogenous state was not victorious and that history had perhaps not ended. See the long note at the end of the second edition of Notes, Introduction a la Lecture de Hegel , 462-3. (back to text) 13. This is not true in Poland and and Giant, Hungary, however, whose Communist parties have taken moves toward true power sharing and pluralism. Reading Notes. (back to text) 14.
This is particularly true of the leading Soviet conservative, former Second Secretary Yegor Ligachev, who has publicly recognized many of the deep defects of the Brezhnev period. (back to text) 15. I am thinking particularly of Rousseau and the Western philosophical tradition that flows from in 2 him that was highly critical of Lockean or Hobbesian liberalism, though one could criticize liberalism from the standpoint of classical political philosophy as well. (back to text) 16. See his article, Beyond the Cold War, New Republic, December 19, 1988. (back to text) 17. It took European colonial powers like France several years after the war to Reading Notes 17 20, admit the illegitimacy of Reading, their empires, but decolonialization was an inevitable consequence of the Allied victory which had been based on the promise of a restoration of democratic freedoms. Notes 17 20. (back to text) 18. Vestnik Ministerstva Inostrannikh Del SSSR no.
15 (August 1988), 27-46. New thinking does of course serve a propagandistic purpose in persuading Western audiences of Soviet good intentions. But the fact that it is good propaganda does not mean that is formulators do not take many of its ideas seriously. (back to text)
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